(8. 10. 1909 - 23. 11. 1936)
With ergey Fedorovich Tarkhov, captain, commander of a group of Soviet fighter pilots volunteer in Spain, was born on Oct. 8, 1909 in g. Saratov. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1929. From 1918 to 1923 he lived in Mr.. Nizhniy Lomov, Penza region. Autumn of 1923 he returned to his native Saratov and enrolled in a two-year school rail FZO. After graduation he worked on ways of the Saratov Branch of the Ryazan-Ural Railway, while he studied in the circle Osoaviahima and 4 th adult high school type. By Komsomol in April 1927 was sent to study at the Leningrad Military theoretical school of the Air Force. Practical training took place in the 3rd Military Pilot School in g. Orenburg. In July 1929 he graduated from school and received a military pilot, then served in the aviation wing of the Kiev and Belorussian Military Districts. In 1934 he graduated from the Higher tactical flight school in Mr.. Lipetsk. Since February 1936 commanded the 107 th Fighter Aviation Squadron single. For high performance in combat and political training had 18 thanks and awards from the command, including the Certificate of Merit of the Central Committee of Komsomol and it was personal weapons from the commander п?.п?. Uborevycha.
D evyat days of fighting over the rooftops of Madrid Sergei Tarhov - Captain Antonio, as they called his soldiers-internationalists. During this time he made 20 combat sorties and killed 5 Nazi aircraft. November 13 in a brutal battle with 12 "Heinkel" Tarkhova plane was shot down and the pilot jumped with a parachute. During the descent to the ground, he was severely wounded and died on November 23. He was buried in Madrid.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Sergey Fedorovich Tarkhova conferred posthumously on Dec. 31, 1936 for the selfless bravery in the battle against fascists under the protection of freedom and independence of the Spanish people.
. And Menem SF
. Tarkhova in g. Nizhny Lomov named one of the streets and 1 Secondary School, where he studied. His name was given as one of the streets g. Kharkov.
On the night of July 18, 1936 in Spain the fascist revolt broke out. Reactionary generals, using the generous help of Hitler and Mussolini counted on a quick victory. But the Spanish people rose to defend the chest of the Republic. His heroic struggle against fascism evoked a warm response among progressive people. In all countries of the world, including the Soviet Union, held mass demonstrations in defense of Spanish patriots. Thousands of anti-fascists expressed their desire to arms to help the Spanish people against the insurgents. In one of the first parties of the Soviet pilots, volunteers went to Spain and Sergei Tarkhov.
In late October 1936 a group Tarkhova on board the "Kursk" arrived in the Spanish port of Alicante. For four days, the pilots completed the assembly of I-16 fighters, bought in the USSR, the Spanish Government, and flew to the station of Alcala de Henares.
On the eve of the October holiday Tarkhov led the squadron into battle. In parts two wedge detachment rushed to the Spanish capital. Soviet fighters were already above the center of the city, when the north-west, appeared a group of fascist "Junkers". Three nines bomber walked confidently and carelessly. As in previous days, the Nazis hoped bombed with impunity. They knew that the IRA has no anti-aircraft artillery, no fighter aircraft.
Since climb Tarhov squadron turned left and hit the enemy from the sun. He himself had dived on the head "Junkers" and a short distance gave an accurate bursts. Fascist bomber puffed and crashed into the ground near the Royal park Retiro.
In this first battle Tarkhova pilots shot down 9 fascist planes. Madrid exulted. Hundreds of thousands of residents leaving the shelter and oblivious to the danger, poured into the streets of the city. Everywhere were heard greetings "Viva Rusia! Viva aviadores Rusos!"
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968