(1. 10. 1918 - 15. 2. 1980)
And van Frolovich Shamenkov, Guard lieutenant, commander of the 150-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. Born October 1, 1918 in a. Most Relnya Bald Hills district of the Saratov Region. Russian. Initial education in rural school at the place of birth, then studied in 8 class and the flying club in g. Volsk. In 1937 he enrolled in 1940 graduated from Bataisk Military Aviation School.
In World War II contributed to its beginning to the victory over Germany. He fought in the South-Western, Kalinin, Voronezh, Steppe and 2 of the First Ukrainian Front. He took part in the operations of the initial period of war in the Battle of Kursk, the defeat of the Nazis on the Right Bank Ukraine, in the liberation of Romania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army awarded three Orders of the Red Banner (1943, 1944, 1945), the Order of the Patriotic War of degree 1 (1944), two Orders of Red Star (1943, 1953) and four medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Ivan Frolovich Shamenkovu conferred May 15, 1946 over 127 successful sorties, 28 air battles, and personally shot down 15 enemy aircraft.
. R assuring 1945 Hero of the Soviet Union I.F
. Shamenkov participated in the Victory Parade in Red Square in Moscow. Prior to 1958 he served in the Soviet Army. Colonel stock. Lived in g. Ryazan, worked a shift foreman at the tea-packing factory. Died Feb. 15, 1980.
In ce air battles conducted Shamenkovym to be an example of courage, bravery and high-flying skills. Here are the most characteristic of them.
September 22, 1944 60 S-87 bombers under the guise of 8 fighters tried to bomb our troops near the town of Turda (Romania). Six of the Soviet Yak-N, led by Shamenkovym, despite the numerical superiority of the enemy, boldly and resolutely plunged into the structure of the fascist bombers had violated military orders and forced the Nazis to drop their bombs outside the target. Skillfully combining maneuver and fire Shamenkov in this battle, shot down one "Junkers". Tearing a major raid by enemy aircraft, Soviet pilots lossless returned to their airfield.
. November 16, 1944, covering the advancing Soviet troops in the area Dani, That Almash (Hungary), Shamenkov with a group of eight Yak-Z tied the battle with 14 enemy fighters
. Soviet pilots inflicted heavy losses on the Germans and forced them to take a hike. Lieutenant Shamenkov accurate fire at short range shot down in this battle two enemy fighters "Focke-Wulf-190.
But perhaps the greatest success has been achieved Shamenkovym December 9, 1944 in the Budapest area. On this day the brave pilots flew two sorties. The first of these link Shamenkova met over the city Ercsi two Nazi fighter. Sighting burst from a distance of 40 - 50 meters Shamenkov knocked one of them, and finished off another of his comrades.
. During his second combat sortie 4 our fighters encountered 40 Nazi planes FV-190, tried to bomb our troops near the town Barachka
. Despite a tenfold superiority of the enemy, the Soviet fighter bravely went into battle and stunning blows, drove the Nazi pilots indiscriminately drop bombs and leave the battlefield. Commander level Shamenkov shot down in this battle two enemy fighters.
His last combat sorties Shamenkov made in Czechoslovakia. In one of them - 24 April 1945 - six Shamenkova over the city of Brno tied dogfight with 18 enemy fighters. In this unequal battle Soviet pilots shot down 7 enemy planes, two of them killed personally Shamenkov. All our planes returned to their base.
. By the end of the war hero-pilot increased the number of sorties to two hundred, and the number of personally shot down enemy aircraft - to eighteen.
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968