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Shein Pavel Stepanovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Shein Pavel Stepanovich
photo Shein Pavel Stepanovich
(18. 6. 1921 - 16. 5. 1945)

P Abel Stepanovich Shein, second lieutenant, aeronavigator 118 th Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment. Born June 18, 1921 in a. Podgornoe Romanovsky District, Saratov Region. Russian. In 1939 he voluntarily joined the aviation school. From August 1941 until the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, fought in the air forces of the Northern Fleet. 3a military distinctions he was awarded four Orders of the Red Banner (1942, 1943 - 2, 1945), medal "For Defense of Soviet Arctic" and "For Victory over Germany in World War II 1941 - 1945."

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Pavel Stepanovich Shein was awarded on Jan. 22, 1944 over 105 combat missions for the exploration of ports and bases in Northern Norway, . enemy warships and transports in the Barents Sea and for displaying courage and bravery.,

. A eytenant Shein was considered the best navigator - a spy of the Northern Fleet, the unsurpassed master of aerial photography
. The hero died May 16, 1945 in carrying out their assignment.


B oevuyu work in the Northern Fleet Shein began with intelligence coast, engaged the enemy with the simultaneous application of bombing raids on targets detected
. 19 January in the village of Great Western People exact hit bombs he detonated a large ammunition dump, and two days later in the same grocery store destroyed mining hunter division.

. In a subsequent Shein flew in search of enemy submarines and convoys in the Barents Sea for exploration and aerial photographs of naval bases Kirkenes, Bill Fjord, Alta Fjord and Hammerfest, airfields Luostari, Hebugten, banak and Svartnes.

. Especially difficult were flying in the conditions of the Arctic in winter
. Severe frosts, strong winds, frequent snow and thick fog on the sea greatly restricted, and sometimes completely ruled out military aviation work. In such difficult weather conditions acted only highly trained crews, including crew, which included Shein. In winter 1943, he made 9 combat missions for the exploration of the naval base and port of Kirkenes Linahamari. Exploration was performed with the height of strafing by heavy fire antiaircraft artillery. Detected by ships and transports strikes by bomber aircraft fleet.

February 20, 1943 while returning from a mission the aircraft was in continuous snow with visibility down to zero. The pilot continued the flight, using the calculations of the navigator Sheina. These calculations were, as always, extremely accurate, and the crew landed safely at its airfield. In such circumstances, the crew flew dozens of times.

April 19, 1943 in cloudy weather and in heavy anti-aircraft artillery fire Shein from a height of 1000 meters found in the port of Kirkenes 12 enemy transports. Using these data, our aircraft attacked the ships successful bombing attack.

. June 12, 1943 Shein for one flight, . lasted three hours, . made a planned shooting site for the airport, . airfields Hebugten, . Luostari, . Banak, . Port Kirkenes, . Vadse, . Linahamari and other Transferred images reveal them to the command of a full picture of the situation on the sea, . ports, . bases and airfields.,

. In summer 1943, Shein coped excellently with the complex task of exploration of the enemy, passing along the coast of Northern Norway and the Varanger Fjord
. Each time, finding the convoy, he passed information to the headquarters, while he continued to observe the approach of our bomber force, beating with an attack by enemy fighters.

. The first two years of combat work crew Sheina photographed vast areas occupied by the enemy coast, discovered on the sea lanes and ports 41 guards, 266 transports and 450 warships of the enemy.

. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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