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SHILIN Athanasius Petrovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

Comments for SHILIN Athanasius Petrovich
Biography SHILIN Athanasius Petrovich
photo SHILIN Athanasius Petrovich
(1. 9. 1924 - 22. 5. 1982)


A Fanas P. Shilin, . Guards Lieutenant, . platoon commander control 132-th Guards Artillery Regiment, 60 Guards Rifle Pavlograd Order of Kutuzov 2-degree divisions, . born September 1, 1924 in a,
. Petropavlovka Novouzensk district of Saratov region. Russian, member of the CPSU since 1944. After graduating from high school he worked at the mine named on November 7 in g. Leninsk-Kuznetsk, where he moved with his parents for permanent residence. In August 1942 he was drafted into the Soviet Army, graduated from the Tomsk Artillery School.

From June 1943 until January 1945 at the South-West, 3-m 1-Ukrainian and Byelorussian fronts. He participated in the liberation of Ukraine, Moldova and Poland. Seriously injured on Jan. 15, 1945. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1943), . World War 2 nd degree (1943), . medals "For Military Merit" (1952), . "For perfect service" 1 and 2 nd degree (1962, . 1957) and four other medals.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Athanasius Petrovich Shilin awarded on Feb. 22, 1944 for bravery and courage, . shown during the Dnieper crossing, . capture and hold a bridgehead on the right bank.,

. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" was awarded March 24, 1945, . as head of intelligence of the artillery battalion, . for the exploration of artillery and their destruction in the breakout deep defenses of the enemy on Magnushevskom bridgehead and selfless bravery in the assault on strongholds of the enemy.,

. In the postwar years, a
. P. Shilin graduated from the Artillery Academy, named F. E. Dzerzhinsky and the Military Academy of the General Staff. A bronze bust. P. Shilin established in 1953, Mr.. Leninsk-Kuznetsk, Kemerovo region. In 1975, Athanasius Petrovich given the rank of lieutenant general.

. Died a hero twice May 22, 1982


"... It was late autumn of 1943.

. Severe cold wave has not yet frozen Dnieper muffled beat of the shore.
. On the right bank of the river were the Germans, the left has been our
. Fascists long and hard to prepare defenses on the Dnieper. The whole world they were screaming about the inaccessibility of "Dnieper shaft "..."

. Ak starts Frontal leaflet dedicated to the martial prowess of Athanasius Petrovich Shilin.
. On the eve of battle Guard Lieutenant Shilin was on the western outskirts of Zaporozhye, exploded near the fascists of the Dnieper
. From the observation post, located on the top floor, a large brick building, he looked at the telescope Island Khortytsya. Once on the island going to the Russian troops to march on Polovtzy later there were shelves of Bohdan Khmelnytsky.

. Now on the island was ruled by the Nazis - and those that ten days ago have been thrown out of Zaporozhye, and those who have just arrived from the west
. In the telescope was clearly visible in the sinuous lines of trenches, bunkers and pillboxes with dark eye sockets facing the river embrasures opened machine-gun platform, observation points, the position of mortar batteries. All this has long been applied to the scheme, . pristrelyat'sya batteries Regiment, . Shilin but again and again double-checking the reliability of intelligence, . worrying about, . that during an artillery barrage of artillery shells lay down our just discovered them on purpose.,

. Night fell on the Dnieper
. Night on October 27, 1943. The Germans were nervous at Khortitse. Dozens of rockets soared into the sky, illuminating the shore. From time to time on the black as tar, the surface of the Dnieper slipped a powerful beam of a searchlight.

Battalion Captain Kolesnikov was the first to cross the. He had a foothold on the island and ensure the crossing of the main forces regiment.

Soon hit the German batteries. The explosions and mortar shells churned Dnipro. Boat Shilina blast tossed from side to side. From bullet holes in the board appeared to flow. Scouts bail helmets, steel paddle even more. Ten meters from the shore boat searchlight illuminated. Mines are now falling very close. Fortunately, it was shallow, and the men, leaping from the boat made it safely to the sand spit.
However, Shilin infantry rushed on the enemy. Machine-gun fire and hand grenades, he packed up and the first seven Nazis burst into the trench.

After some time the Germans recovered from the confusion and made a counter -. Especially strong fire were heavy machine guns of the enemy. Shilin caused the fire of his batteries, and then the entire division and one by one extinguished the fire points of the fascists.

There was a short pause. Infantrymen Kolesnikova digging on the captured bridgehead. Shilin at this time produced zeroing lines barrages on the most probable direction of enemy counterattacks.

At dawn, the enemy opened a fierce fire on the bridgehead of all weapons. Half an hour hit the artillery and mortars, and then dropped a bomb "Junkers". Everything was enveloped in smoke and dust. The Nazis thought that nothing living no longer exists on our small plot of land Zadneprovski.

Confident in this, the Nazis thick chains went into the attack. But once the Nazis took to the slope, hit by heavy fire of our artillery. At the command Shilina battery volleys were going in the thick of enemies. The Nazis did not stand a massive fire and ran back. But Shilin left without regard: at the last moment exploded near the projectile has been disabled radio.

. Taking advantage of the lull, a brave officer, crossed the left bank of the river, and soon returned to a base with a new radio station, stretching across the Dnieper and telephone
. He arrived on the island in time: the Germans made another counterattack. Again, the commands of Shilina thundering volleys of our guns. During the tenth counterattacks telephone communication with the batteries was interrupted, and the Germans managed to come close to our positions, and then surround the vantage point gunners. Shilin on the radio caused the fire battalion itself, and then led the reconnaissance, communications and infantry at the decisive counter. Hand grenades, he personally destroyed two machine guns and four Nazis. In a brief melee enemy was defeated.

During the day, Shilin reflected thirteen enemy counterattacks. A handful of wounded and shell-shocked guards held the bridgehead until the arrival of our reinforcements.

Fter a feat on the Dnieper Athanasius Shilin continued with his regiment on the way west. Behind were Ingulets, Southern Bug, Dniester. In late 1944, the guardsmen moved south to another direction - to Magnushevsky bridgehead near Warsaw. At that time, Shilin was already a senior lieutenant, chief of intelligence for the artillery battalion. He has been fighting experience. On his chest was shining Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union. Knew about it the whole front. The exploits of his countryman, and learned from. Petropavlovka. From there came a letter. The farmers have written: "I warmly congratulate you, Athanasius Petrovich, high reward. We are confident that you will beat the Nazis even stronger that your fame will become even louder. Good luck to you on the west, my dear countrymen! "

At this time the regiment was preparing for the Vistula-Oder offensive. Works of the scouts were rife. Shilin chose the best vantage point on the line of the front edge, under the very noses of the enemy, and there within sixteen days conducted reconnaissance of enemy defenses. Accurate data obtained Shilin, helped our artillery fire during the artillery barrage to destroy the defenses first position and suppress the enemy's batteries. Infantry almost without loss overcame the main line of defense and the prosecution began retreating enemy. Shilin with scouts moved with the battalion, Major Mazhirina. It is time zeroing in on the destruction of battery firing points, hindering the advance of our infantry.

On the morning of January 15 near the village of Dutska Will the Germans threw in a fresh counterattack infantry battalion with six self-propelled guns. Shilin caused a fire division and skill to correct it as long as the counter-fascists were not reflected.

On this day, advance units of 5-Second Shock Army came to the Pilica. Battalion Mazhirina way to the river blocked the Germans entrenched in the village of Buda Brantkovske. The enemy has turned this village into a powerful center of resistance. Shilin with the infantry went on the attack. At this time, on our chains of well-camouflaged bunker hit an enemy machine gun. Shilin crawled toward the bunker and threw in a bunch of grenades through the embrasure. There was a muffled explosion, and the bunker stopped. Infantry stormed into the village and on the shoulders of the shattered enemy crossed Pilica. But Athanasius Shilin not seen a bold attack the Guards, heard loud Russian "Hurray!". He was lying in front of them blown up bunkers unconscious.

. A few months later, after recovering from severe wounds, Shilin returned to the system.


. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) People of the immortal exploits. Moscow submarine v.2 1975
3) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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