KORNELIOU Mark Pediment (Fronto, Marcus Cornelius)( Roman orator)
Comments for KORNELIOU Mark Pediment (Fronto, Marcus Cornelius)
Biography KORNELIOU Mark Pediment (Fronto, Marcus Cornelius)
Pediment, Mark Cornelius; Fronto, Marcus Cornelius, OK. 100-166 years. n. e., Roman orator. Place from Kirti in Numidia. Versed in law and rhetoric, he held senior positions until the consul in 143 g. Due to poor health, left politics and devoted himself to work in their own school of rhetoric. Called to the imperial court Antonin Pius, was the tutor of the two Emperors: Marcus Aurelius and Vera Lucia. Stayed there until his death. Time of his life determine his contacts with academics and people close to the court, recorded in a lively correspondence. These letters, written in Greek and Latin, were discovered only in 1815, Mr.. in palimpsests VI in. n. e. from Ambrosianskoy and the Vatican Library. Contrary to expectations, they contain mostly talk about the rhetoric and language, and much less historical data.
Letter F. led, however, to identify the interesting features of the nature of Marcus Aurelius, Vera Lucia, the eldest and the youngest Faustin, as well as to become more familiar with the home life of the court of the Antonines. Marcus Aurelius, despite the great respect for the FA have been leaning more to philosophy than to the rhetoric, the teacher taught. Preserved correspondence F. with Marcus Aurelius, . comprising letters, . written in the period, . When Marcus Aurelius was still heir to the throne (5 books), . and during his reign (5 books), writing about the rhetoric contained in the compilation on eloquence (De eloquentia) and on speeches (De orationibus), . where F,
. trying to prove the superiority of the eloquence of the Emperor's philosophy, letters, treatises on the historical and rhetorical themes, . conceived as an introduction to a treatise on war with the Parthians Faith, . stories entitled Act (Principia historiae), . served as a model for them, . probably, . description of the wars with Hannibal in Livy; response F,
. the letter of Marcus Aurelius after the defeat in the battle with the Parthians named on the Parthian War (De bello Parthico); 4 of the letter of the rest in Alzen, . as well as humorous rhetorical exercises in the form of letters Praise of smoke and fire (Laudes fumi et pulveris) and Praise negligence (Laudes neglegentiae); and finally, . 2 emails about the loss of his grandson (De nepote amisso), . the first of which is a short comforting letter of Marcus Aurelius F., . and the second - a great detailed response F., . in which he appears to us a noble man, . sensitive, . sympathetic people,
Correspondence F. with Verom contained in 2 books, . Antonius Pius from - in 1 book, . which his character recalls an exchange of letters between Emperor Trajan and Pliny the Younger to friends in 2 books, . includes only the letters AF; they find expression of his goodwill and interest of the affairs of friends (1 letter was written in Greek),
. Well preserved collection of Greek letters, including correspondence with Appiani, etc.. From the speeches that brought F. the glory of the speaker, nothing left except the small fragments, and names, for example, Eulogies - Eulogies on Hadrian and Antoninus Pius, of judicial speeches - a speech against Herodes Attica; is also aware of his speeches against Christians, in which F. perceived enemies of oratory. And finally, we know the names of individual statements in the Senate, and other speeches at the event. F. not created a unified system of rhetoric, but his works drew on the rhetoric of Theodore of Gadara and the terminology used, is in general use.
In correspondence F. most places are taken by recommendations regarding the selection of words and their place in the sentence. F. believed that from the time of Cicero, whom he greatly valued, have spread too much freedom and carelessness in the selection of words and their construction disappeared desire to exact phrasing. F. advocates a return to the old writers, from whom he borrows sentences, speed, expression, using phraseological statement. F. sought a way to revive the Latin language and Roman literature. But despite these efforts, he could not avoid being influenced by the style of his era and wrote an artificial language, weighted and places colored archaisms. F. gathered around a circle of supporters archaic style, which was called by its name gables. This passion for old literature and the tendency to look at her designs have appeared in the days of August. One of the predecessors of V. Valery was Probus. During the reign of Hadrian, this movement is experiencing the highest growth. Long after the death of F. find followers, and later writers (especially in the III. n. e.) often took him for a sample.