Indicopleustes Kosmas (Kosmas Indikopleustes)( Greek geographer)
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Biography Indicopleustes Kosmas (Kosmas Indikopleustes)
Kosmas Indicopleustes (floating in India); Kosmas Indikopleustes, VI in. n. e., Greek geographer. Apparently, came from Alexandria. As a merchant, made several trips, among other things, visited the southern part of Africa, Arabia, supposedly reached even India, whence comes his nickname. I left the trade to become a monk. His geographical work of the Christian Topography (Christianike topographia) was established in 547-549 years, his main aim was to presentation of geography in accordance with the data of the Bible, despite the geographical views of Claudius Ptolemy. K. rejects the thesis of globosity Earth, imagining its rectangular plate, over which hangs a crystal firmament, based on the sheer walls. Much more interesting is often naive geographic representations to. his extensive excursions in which he tells about his observations on travel. They deal with the history of culture and religion, . example, . development of Christianity in distant countries, . geographical and natural sciences, . example, . description of the sources of the Nile, . plants and animals in India, . as well as the ancient trade, . diplomatic relations with Egypt, the empire, . India, . China etc.,
. K. wrote a simple spoken language, his style is not free from errors.