Phryne (Phrynichos)( Greek tragic poet)
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Biography Phryne (Phrynichos)
Phryne; Phrynichos, VI / V cc. BC. e., Greek tragic poet. He took an active part in the Persian Wars. One of the founders of Greek tragedy, the predecessor of Aeschylus. The first victory of the F. scored in 67 Olympics (511-508 gg. BC. e.). The earliest of his tragedy, we know by name - Alcestis, the history of the young wife of King Admetus, which also handles Euripides. Double O. turned to contemporary historical topics. As provided in 492 g. Taking the tragedy of Miletus (Miletu halosis), he described the suppression of the uprising and the destruction of the Ionians of Miletus (494 BC). The play shocked audiences. The whole theater was crying after the poet, was sentenced to a fine for "a reminder about the troubles of the motherland", the tragedy was banned. After the victory over the Persians, he wrote the Phoenician (Phoinissai), which are the core of the plot (as the tragedy of Aeschylus' Persians) was the Battle of Salamis. Name of the play gave the choir, which was, apparently, of the widows of Phoenician sailors who served in the navy of Xerxes.
In the prologue, played the eunuch, who, looking for seats for the council of the Persians, spoke about the defeat. Thus the audience learned about everything at the very beginning, and the remainder of the tragedy was one big crying about what happened. This archaic form of tragedy, in which the dramatic moment (subsequently developed by Aeschylus) played a more minor role. Phoenician were delivered, presumably, in 476 AD The greatest was Themistocles, the Athenian statesman, actively calling on others to fight against the Persians and the inspirer of the victory at Salamis. It is no accident that the annual staging of the tragedy of the capture of Miletus same Themistocles held the post of chief archon and spoke in favor of the drama. Of the others, did not survive the tragedies F. be named more Danaides and the Egyptians, because the same story later used in the Aeschylus trilogy about butterflies. F. was the first tragic poet, who introduced the female roles (actors performed in female masks). Style F. etched in the memory of posterity as a soft, lyrical, sweet. His songs have been conditioned in Asia Minor, Ionian spirit, Aristophanes called them "honey Sidon.