Pytheas (Pytheas)( Greek sailor)
Comments for Pytheas (Pytheas)
Biography Pytheas (Pytheas)
Pytheas; Pytheas, of Massilia (sovr. Marseille), IV in. BC. e., Greek navigator, geographer and discoverer. In the 350-320 or 310-306 years. BC. e. He swam from Massilia north, heading along the coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Brittany, reached the British Channel and Britain, which went round, and then, perhaps, He swam to Fuly (Scotland, Norway, Iceland?). results of travel, geographical, astronomical and ethnographic observation P. outlined in the work of the Ocean (Peri Okeanu; fr.), which was first described by Western and Southern Europe, Britain, Germany, the mouth of the Elbe (at P. - Tanais), the country of amber (Helgoland, Borngolm?) And explained the origin of tides, determined the position of the South Pole in the heavens and the geographic latitude of Massilia. According to AP, the water washes the entire Earth. Product P. popularized the Timaeus, he was appreciated and Eratosthenes Hipparchus, but Polybius and Strabo did not trust his discoveries. Observations n. had a great influence on the development of astronomy and geography, but his work for many centuries was the main source of information about the Nordic countries.