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Aleksinskij Ivan Pavlovich

( Scientific)

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Biography Aleksinskij Ivan Pavlovich
Born May 3, 1871
Of the hereditary nobility.

He studied at the Moscow High School, after graduating from there in 1889. entered the physico-mathematical faculty of Moscow University. But for a long time to learn there had numerous stories about the recent Russian-Turkish war of 18771878 years. and military field surgery NIPirogov resulted in a. medical school.

Outstanding Russian teachers were among his teachers: L. Morokhovets physiologist, histologist A. Babukhin, anatomist D. Zernov, dissector Gubarev Karuzin and P. ... same special attention and dedication compliments A. showed the world-famous physicist A. Stoletov accounts, to all others, brother of Gen. N. Stoletov (commander of the Bulgarian militia, death standing in August 1877. at the Shipka Pass).

In 1894, after graduating from university, A. was on the faculty at the surgical clinic (Head, Professor A. Bobrov). Since November 1895. He became a supernumerary intern this clinic, devoted himself entirely to the operating practices and scientific theories on echinococcosis. Doctorate A. called "Echinococcus in the abdominal cavity and its operative treatment" and was published in book form in 1899.

Thoroughness and the importance of the findings of scientists, backed by persistent and rigorous, microscopic and chemical studies had at that time unique in world medical literature. And a special prize of. Professor I. Nowacki worthily crowned a personal achievement.

Simultaneously with the work in a clinic. fortunate to be a consultant in the Iberian community of the Red Cross, are under the guardianship of the Grand Duchess (now canonized as the Holy Russian Orthodox Church). In the community A group of physicians. assisted the wounded in Greece (in the theater of the Greco-Turkish war in apreleiyule 1897), for which he was awarded the Order of St.. Anna 3rd degree, Greek gold and silver medal Ilitaza, as well as Turkish silver medal. He visited it, . as a senior physician care unit Iver community, . and the Far East (of Russian troops in suppressing the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900), about a year of selfless work in the hospitals, Khabarovsk and Blagoveshchensk brought him the Order of St.,
. Anne 2 nd degree and the right to wear the sign of the Red Cross.

In the years 19011902. Being privat-docent, A. managed the outpatient department in the faculty clinic, taught students "Semiotics and the diagnosis of surgical diseases, led them practical training ...

In the turbulent years 19041905. A. joined the Cadets and, with unquestionable authority among the Moscow intelligentsia, was elected in 1906. Deputy 1st Gosdarstvennoy thoughts on "Party of the People's Freedom" by Vladimir province. In this capacity, he prilekalsya summer of 1906. to justice in the case of anti-government Vyborg appeal.

His political credo A. expressed in 1911 when a group of professors of Moscow University (since July 1907. He was here extraordinary professor in the department of surgical pathology) demonstratively resigned in protest against the policy of the Minister of Education Kasso L.. In the Iberian same community, by the time he was already several years was the chief physician. And continuing educational activities at the University for Women ...

In December 1913. A. was elected chairman of the 8 th Congress of Russian surgeons ...
Since the beginning of World War I A. was called up for military service. At the front and rear, he actively interfered in the work of medical institutions, was putting them in proper order, tirelessly operated ... Iver community, actually turned into a soldier's hospital, had his face reliable, competent leadership.

February 1917, Mr.. A. met with enthusiasm, but from political activities resolutely refused. He continued teaching at Moscow University, and soon began to perform the duties of the Director andrological clinic. And when, in connection with the outbreak in Moscow in October, 1917. general strike, joined by her "inferior ministers, clinics, and Novo-Catherine's hospital, A. strongly against such deysvy, finding them inhumane to patients.

The October Revolution was for him a continuation of this bechelovechnosti.

... In 1919, Mr.. A. traveled with his family to the South and joined the Volunteer Army. I worked in a military hospital until the end of 1920, when he emigrated to the troops of General Wrangel in Constantinople.

. Foreign inspired to return to politics, because few of the Russian emigrants believed then in any lasting and long-term "kingdom of the Bolsheviks'
. Since January 1921. A. was a close associate of General Wrangel, a member of the Joint Committee of the Political. In such a role, he entered the Russian Council and became Deputy Chairman. Subsequently A. participated in the establishment and operation of other emigre political organizations: the Russian Foreign partioticheskogo association, the Russian Committee of the Joint organizations, the Committee of private organizations in Geneva, etc.

. Professional activities of its AA, of course, also did not leave and, above all, the courses of the Red Cross in Turkey, Serbia and Bulgaria
. His toksikologocheskie research and discoveries have helped a new generation of Russian doctors appreciate the advantages of domestic science in clinical surgery and, thus, to continue the work throughout the life of their great predecessors: from Pirogov to Louis Pasteur. With Pasteur, as well as with the institution of his name, has worked closely biologist and pathologist, Nobel Prize 1906. II Mechnikov, whose name, in turn, was awarded the Society of Russian physicians in Paris, which for a long
time was headed by a.

In 30-ies he was vice-chairman of the Russian-French hospital had a large private practice, poor emigrants A. often provide free care, although he sometimes lacked the means of livelihood.

The last time A. seen in public on Aug. 16, 1936, in this day in Paris memorial service was held in Belgrade for the late Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky).

The remaining 9 years of life a. passed away from all that which he previously served and worshiped.
Died Aug. 26, 1945, Mr.. Casablanca (Morocco).

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