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NOVIKOV Mikhail Mikhailovich

( Scientific)

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Biography NOVIKOV Mikhail Mikhailovich
photo NOVIKOV Mikhail Mikhailovich
[14 (26). III.1876 - 12.I.1965]
Rector from 1919. by 1920.

Born in g. Moscow Zhitnii street, in a house that belonged to his grandfather (and later passed into the possession of the historian in. O. Kliuchevskoi). Father, though, and came from a wealthy family of Moscow's largest cattlemen, not wanting to own business, became a modest commercial employees, moving from merchants in the lower middle classes.

Autumn 1886. Novikov entered the Moscow Commercial College, was preparing to economists, business executives, industrialists, traders. The school provided first-rate education - much attention was paid to the natural sciences (chemistry, physics, biology) and foreign languages (French, German, English). After graduating from college in 1894, Mikhail Mikhailovich worked at first by an insurance company, then in the bank, occupying a modest position. In connection with the cramped family circumstances had to look for jobs clerical work and tutoring.

In October 1901. became a student of the natural faculty of the University of Heidelberg in Germany, where he took a certificate Commercial College. Particularly fascinated Novikova zoology, botany, paleontology. Zoology, he studied at About. Byuchli (scientific school which has given many outstanding researchers physiology), y A. Kossel (future Nobel laureate, known for his research in the chemistry of proteins, nucleoprotein, biochemistry, cell nucleus).

In 1904. Mikhail, receiving a doctorate in natural philosophy, he returned to Russia. On the advice of H. K. Koltsov began working at the Institute of comparative anatomy at Moscow University, where the director was Prof.. Menzbir.

Autumn 1906. was promoted to private-docent, and to deepen the scientific education went to two years abroad. Worked in Heidelberg, Paris, on the biological station in Villafranca, Trieste, Rovinj.

In the 1908/09 academic year began to read the general histology course at Moscow University. Soon life Novikova went like two parallel roads: the academic and social. He is elected by a vowel in the Moscow City Duma, where it will sit for 10 years. In 1909, Mr.. defended his master's thesis on histological examination cartilaginoid and bone tissue. In January 1911. defended at Moscow State University doctoral thesis on the morphological study of the so-called third (parietal) eye in lizards (a kind of authority warning of danger). This gave him the right to occupy the post of full professor.

In 1911, Mr.. in connection with the known events around the University of Moscow, Mikhail Mikhailovich including 130 professors and associate professors resigned. Management of the Moscow Commercial Institute (Director, PI Novgorodtsev) invited him to read the course in comparative anatomy at the technical department. Here he worked for 5 years.

Since November 1912. is part IV of the State Duma of the Democratic Party, which deals with public education (organization of educational institutions, issues of university autonomy and t. etc.). Returning to Moscow University, Novikov at the meeting of Physical-Mathematical Faculty of September 30, 1916, Mr.. was elected full professor in the Department of Zoology. At the same time in charge of the zoological laboratory and engaged in editorial work in the Moscow Society of Naturalists. In 1918, Mr.. became dean of physical and mathematical faculty.

During the principalship Novikov decree of the RSFSR People's Commissariat of Moscow University joined the department and offices of the Higher Women's Courses (2 nd MSU) and University. AL Shanyavsky (3rd MSU). On the basis of the Faculty of Law Faculty of Social Sciences has arisen. Mikhail Mikhailovich succeeded in the difficult years of the general chaos and civil war to preserve the scientific and pedagogical staff, organizing special maintenance department, which provided the University of fuel, building materials, food. Was completed Geological Corps, conducted with the participation of well-known artist I. Grabar work on the facade of the old building on Moss Street.

In the summer of 1919. Novikov was elected chairman of the scientific committee for scientific and technical department of the Supreme Economic Council, which was engaged in planning and expertise in the field of science and technology.

In April 1920,. Mikhail was arrested in the case of the so-called "Tactical Center, but released after 13 days. In November of that year, resigned in connection with the reorganization of university management. For some time continued to work in physics and mathematics faculty, but in 1922. of a large group of representatives of Russian intelligentsia (which were professors Berdyaev, AA Kiesewetter, S. Frank) was forced to emigrate to Germany.

. In Berlin, Novikov took an active part in organizing the Russian Scientific Institute, brought together many talented scientists, immigrants, then he moved to Heidelberg, and finally, at the invitation of Prof.
. PI Novgorodtseva joins the Russian academic group of emigrants in Czechoslovakia. In Prague, Novikov participates in the organization in 1923. Russian People's University (later "The Russian Free University, CSF), which he then headed for 16 years (till 1939). In 1935. with the largest emigrant scientific and educational institutions on the initiative of the former private secretary to L. N. Tolstoy. F. Bulgakov and with the direct participation of Mikhail Mikhailovich was organized by the Russian cultural-historical museum, the valuable collection which was intended in future to transfer to Russia as a national treasure.

. In CSF, Novikov taught in the Czech Charles University
. After the Nazi occupation of Prague, the prospect of maintaining an army CSF was unrealistic, and in October 1939. Mikhail's family moved to Bratislava, where he had been offered the post of full professor and director of laboratories at the University of. With the approach of the Red Army to Bratislava Novikov family was evacuated to Germany. Once in the American occupation zone, . they settled in Regensburg, . where Mikhail lived until 1949, . continuing his academic work as professor of the University of GdaеLsk, . and Professor of Zoology, University of Munich,
. Since 1945, Mr.. within two years Novikov was the dean of science faculty and a professor in the department of zoology at the University of emigrant UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration).

In August 1949,. the age of 73 years, Mikhail and his family moved to the United States, Mr.. NY. Here he developed a project to create a free Russian University. University in the United States to bring together scientists, immigrants and preserve the best traditions of Russian academic science (for lack of funds the project remained unrealized), . led a group of Russian academic, . participates in the activities of the Pirogov Society, . supports public lectures, . engaged in literary work,
. At the end of 1954. - Early 1955. oldest veteran of the Russian science head of the Organizing Committee for the celebration of 200 anniversary of Moscow University in New York. In 1957. was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Died Mikhail Novikov at 89 th year of life in Neyake, near New York. His personal archive is stored in the archive Bahmetevskom Department of Rare Books at Columbia University (New York, USA).

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