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Kovalyonok Vladimir

( Astronaut Russia)

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Biography Kovalyonok Vladimir
Astronaut Russia. Born March 3, 1942 in the village of White Krupsk Minsk region Byelorussian SSR (now - Republic of Belarus). Ibid spent his childhood and school years, where she studied at high school. After a ten-year became a student Balashov Higher Aviation School. He graduated from college in 1963, served in the military transport aviation, flying the Antonov-24, first co-pilot, then commander of the ship. In 1967 he enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1967 Group of the Air Force? 4). It has been a full course of general space training and preparing to fly to the ship type of Soyuz and orbital stations Salyut. In 1976, the job at the Cosmonaut Training Center Gagarin graduated from the Air Force Academy named after Yury Gagarin. In May 1975, was part of the backup crew during the flight of spacecraft "Soyuz-18-2". The first space flight made from 9 to 11 October 1977, together with Valery Ryumin as commander of the Soyuz-25 "(call sign -" Photon-1 ").

The flight program included work on board the orbital station Salyut-6 ". Because of the abnormal mode of operation of the spacecraft rendezvous and docking stations were not realized and the flight was terminated prematurely. Length of stay in space was 2 days 44 minutes 45 seconds. In December 1977 and in January 1978 was part of the backup crews of the flights of spacecraft "Soyuz-26 and Soyuz-27". His second space flight began June 15, 1978 together with Alexander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov as commander of the Soyuz-29 ". During the 140-day flight aboard the Salyut-6 "crew took two international expeditions: the Soviet-Polish composed by Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk and Miroslav Hermaszewski and Soviet-German as part of Valery Fedorovich BYKOVSKY and Sigmund Yen. July 29, 1978 along with Alexander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov made out in the open space. Length of stay outside of the ship was 2 hours 5 minutes. November 3, 1978 returned to Earth aboard Soyuz-31 ". Length of stay in space was 139 days 14 hours 47 minutes 32 seconds. In November 1980, was part of the backup crew during the flight of Soyuz T-3.

His third space flight made from 12 March to 26 May 1981, along with Viktor SAVIGNY as commander of Soyuz T-4 ". He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-6 ". During the 75-day flight aboard the station crew has adopted two international expeditions: the Soviet-Mongolian consisting of Vladimir Aleksandrovich Dzhanibekov and Jц+gderdemidiin Gц+rragchaa and Soviet-Rumanian of Leonid Ivanovich Popov and Dumitru Phare,
. Length of stay in space was 74 days 17 hours 37 minutes 23 seconds. Over 3 flights flown in space 216 days 9 hours 9 minutes 40 seconds. In 1984 he graduated from the Academy of General Staff. He worked as deputy head of the Cosmonaut Training Center Yuri Gagarin, . Deputy Commander of the Air Force High Command (strategic), . Deputy Head of the Department of Military Academy of the General Staff, . supervised by the Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense on Aerospace Engineering,
. Since 1992 - Head of Air Force Engineering Academy named after NE Zhukovsky. Since 1991 - President of the Belarusian Republican Federation of space. Colonel-General Aviation. Candidate of Military Sciences, professor. People's deputy of the Republic of Belarus from 1989 to 1992.

Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (Decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from November 2, 1978 and May 26, 1981). He was awarded three Orders of Lenin medals and foreign orders and medals. Hero of the Democratic Republic of Germanskoy. Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic of. Awarded the Gold Medal Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Honorary citizen of Kaluga, Perm, Kirov (Russia), Dzhezkazgan (Kazakhstan), Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan (Mongolia).

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