Fadeev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich( Writer)
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Biography Fadeev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Fadeev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1901, Mr.. Kimry Tver Province. - 1956, Peredelkino near Moscow) - writer. Genus. a family of professional revolutionaries. In 1908 the family moved to the Far East, where Fadeev studied in the Vladivostok Commercial uch-School. Closer to the Bolsheviks, Fadeev led propaganda work among the students and worked in the Bolshevik gas. "Red Flag". In 1918 joined the RKP (b). In 1919 was sent to an agitator in a partisan unit, distinguished himself in battle, was wounded, ended the civil war in the post of Commissioner Brigade. In 1921 was a delegate to the Tenth Party Congress, along with many of the delegates took part in suppressing the revolt in Kronstadt, was seriously wounded. Left in Moscow, Fadeev entered Moscow. Mining Academy, where he completed two courses. In 1923 he published his story "Upstream". Since 1924 was aimed at desks. and lit. work on North. Caucasus, where he remained until 1926. Back in Moscow, Fadeev became a professional writer. Possessing lit. talent, Fadeev agreed to become a conductor desks. requirements for re-lit and led the writers' organization since 1926, starting with Ross. Association of Proletarian Writers (RAPP) and ending with the Secretary of the joint USSR. Author of novels "defeat", "Young Guard", "Last of the Udege, theorist of" socialist realism ", Fadeev, fulfilling the will of partners. Chiefs thugs A.P. Platonov, MM. Zoshchenko, AA. Akhmatova, and others, participated in the repression, and then tormented torments of conscience. Destroys his own talent, cognizant void, to k-swarm came, Fadeev became an alcoholic. In a state of deep depression, committed suicide, left a suicide letter addressed to the Central Committee, in a rum-wrote: "I do not see opportunities to continue living, tk. art, to whom I gave my life, ruined arrogant-ignorant leadership of the party, and now can not be corrected. Best staff Literature - (...) physically exterminated or died due to criminal connivance of those in power ". Contrary to the wishes of Fadeev be buried beside his mother was buried in Novodevichy Cemetery.
Used materials kn.: Shikman A.P. Figures of national history. Biographical Directory. Moscow, 1997
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. Fadeev (real name - Bulyga) Alexander (11.12.1901 village Kimry Korchevsky County Tver province - 13.5.1956), writer, administrator, Brigadier Commissioner
. The son of a teacher, a professional revolutionary. He studied at the Mining Academy (not finished). From 1908 he lived in the Far East. In 1918 joined the RKP (b). Participated in the Civil War in the Far East. Member of the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). In 1926-32 Secretary of the Russia Association of Proletarian Writers (RAPP). In 1927 he wrote the novel "defeat" of the heroic spirit of the Civil War, became a classic of Soviet literature and a long logged on to the school curriculum. In 1932-38 Deputy. prev. organizing committee of the Union of Soviet Writers (SSP). During the process from beginning to end fabricated case "Parallel Anti-Soviet Trotskyite Center" with AN. Tolstoy, P.A. Pavlenko and others signed the letter, where t.ch. said: "We demand the ruthless punishment for selling home to traitors, spies and assassins". and has personally 25.1.1937 made in Pravda, which talked about "grimace before the court shamelessly naked tame monkeys fascism". In 1939-44 Secretary of the Presidium of the SPA. Since 1939 member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). During the Great Patriotic War, a war correspondent for Pravda and the Soviet Information Bureau, in 1941-44, after the departure of VP. Stavski to the front, led by SSP. In 1945. obeying conjuncture, has written an extremely weak novel "Young Guard" of the heroes Komsomolets. The novel was immediately recognized as almost the greatest work of the country and is widely touted by Soviet propaganda. Since 1946, General Secretary of the MTP, while the 1950 vice-president of the World Peace Council. In 1946 he was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Was involved in the persecution and repression against many Soviet writers, personally responsible for the denunciation to the writers, though to a lesser extent than the VP. Stawski. The last years of his life suffered from progressive alcoholism. After the death of I.V. Stalin in 1954, removed from the post of General Secretary (left mere secretary), and in 1956 transferred from the members as a candidate member of the CC CPSU. Posted lot T1isem the Central Committee, asking for the rehabilitation of many writers. After the speech, NS. Khrushchev at the XX Congress of the CPSU "On the cult of personality" in depressed suicide. Decried suicide letter to the CPSU Central Committee, which explained his action by the fact that Soviet literature was destroyed and all the Party's collapse. In t.ch. He wrote: "Designed for more creativity in the name of communism, . 16 years associated with the party, . workers and peasants, . god gifted talent of extraordinary, . I was full of the highest thoughts and feelings, . which only can produce life people, . combined with excellent ideas of communism.,
. To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA
. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000
Fadeev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1901 - 1956), writer.
Born on December 11 (24 NS) in the city of Tver province Kirm family medical assistants, professional revolutionaries. Early childhood spent in Vilna, then in Ufa. Most of his childhood and adolescence is linked with the Far East, with the South Ussuri edge, where the parents moved in 1908. Love to the edge of the Fadeev carried through his life.
Studied in Vladivostok, in the business school, but left without finishing the eighth grade (1912 - 1919). Become acquainted with the Bolsheviks, was involved in revolutionary activities. He participated in the guerrilla movement against Kolchak and foreign troops (1919 - 1920), after the defeat of Kolchak - in the Red Army, in the Trans-Baikal - against Semyonov winter 1920 - 21. Injured.
In 1921, came to Moscow as a delegate of X All-Russia Party Congress, along with other delegates, suppressing the Kronstadt mutiny, was seriously injured. Began to study at the Moscow Mining Academy, but his sophomore year he was transferred to party work. Already in 1921 Fadeev began to write, to participate in the work of young writers who rallied around the journal "October" and "Young Guard". In the "Young Guards" in 1923 was published the first story Fadeeva "Upstream".
Roman "defeat", who saw the light in 1927, brought the writer recognition readers and critics and brought him to great literature. The life and historical events in the Far East, witnessed by him, drew his creative imagination. For many years he gave the creation of the epic novel "The Last of the Udege". Despite the incompleteness, the novel has taken its place not only in the work Fadeeva, but also in historical and literary process 1920 - 50-x. During the war years was one of the leaders of the Writers' Union, the author of many feature articles, essays. Was on the Leningrad front, three months spent in the besieged city, resulting in the book of essays "Leningrad during the blockade" (1944).
In 1945 was published the novel "Young Guard", the heroes whose Fadeev, wrote with great affection, gave the novel a lot of blood the heart ". The first edition of the novel enjoyed a deserved success, but in 1947 the newspaper "Pravda" novel was harshly criticized for the fact that the writer did not show respect Komsomol Krasnodon with communist underground. In 1951, Fadeev reworked the novel, the second edition of which was estimated, for example, Simonov as "a waste of time".
After the XX Congress of the CPSU, feeling the impossibility to continue their lives, Fadeev May 13, 1956 commits suicide. Medical Board, appointed by then the government, said that this tragedy happened as a result of nervous system disorders due to chronic alcoholism. Only in 1990 was published dying Fadeeva letter: "I do not see the opportunity to live on, as art, to whom I gave my life, ruined arrogant-ignorant leadership of the party and now can not be corrected. The best shots of literature ... physically exterminated or died ... the best people in the literature died prematurely age ... My life as a writer loses all meaning, and I was my great pleasure, as getting rid of this hideous existence, where you hit by a dirty trick, lie and slander, I'm leaving this life. "