Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gerasimov( Artist)
Comments for Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gerasimov
Biography Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gerasimov
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gerasimov (31.07.1881, Kozlov Tambov province - 23/07/1963. Moscow), painter, folk artist of the USSR (1943), member of the Academy of Fine Arts (1947), Doctor of Arts (1951), four times winner of the Stalin Prize (1941, 1943, 1946, 1949). In 1903 - 15 studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in AE. Arkhipova and KA. Korovin. In 1915, drafted into the army. Since 1918 he lived in Kozlov, participated in the design of a large city on the Revolutionary holidays. In 1925 he moved to Moscow. In 1925 joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. In the early years working on landscapes, but then switched to the portrait and in this field was recognized Communist Party. In 1929-30 created the painting "Lenin on the tribune," imbued with heroic pathos, and immediately became widely known. His paintings create an image of "wise leader" and played an important role in advocacy campaigns. The most famous work Gerasimova this period: "Speech I.V. Stalin at the XVI Congress of the CPSU (b) "(1933)," Stalin was among the commanders, 1 st Cavalry "(1936)," I.V. Stalin and K.E. Voroshilov in the Kremlin "(1938). "I.V. Stalin and п-.п°. Gorki Gorki "(1939)," Hymn to October "(1943). devoted to ceremonial meeting in the Bolshoi Theater in honor of the 25 th anniversary of the revolution. In 1938-39 created a large number of portraits of Stalin recognized the canonical. In 1939-54 before. organizing committee of the Union of Soviet Artists. Since 1947 president of the Academy of Fine Arts. 1945 marked the emergence of paintings Gerasimova, "The Tehran conference of heads of the three great powers" and "The Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers of the three great powers". In the postwar period became the best-known work Gerasimov: "Portrait I.V. Stalin (1945-47), "Portrait K.E. Voroshilov "(1948)," Portrait of VM. Molotov (1948), "I.V. Stalin's coffin AA. Zhdanov (1949). In 1950 joined the Communist Party (b). Was known as a very democratic person in communion. In 1950 - 51 together with the creative workshop of the Academy of Arts has created a grand canvas "Great Oath" of Stalin's speech at the 2 nd Congress of Soviets. After Stalin's death influence Gerasimov was winding down, and after the XX Congress of the CPSU, he was completely removed from the affairs. In 1957, Gerasimov lost his post as academy president and no longer exhibited, his paintings were removed to the store. When one of his friends met Gerasimova critics on the street and asked how his case, Gerasimov said: "In oblivion, as Rembrandt."