Rauno Oscar Paulovich( Artist)
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Biography Rauno Oscar Paulovich
Oscar Paulovich Rauna (Rhode. 1914). The name of the artist Oscar Raunama linked formation and development of the Estonian post-war art. Rauna consistently followed the path of adoption realistic vision of the world. Varied pictorial language of his works. Rauna turned to different genres and topics: history painting, genre, portrait to landscape, worked in graphics, engaged in applied art. Such a versatile talent and professionalism due to the peculiarities of art education, received a master.
. After graduating from high school in his hometown of Paid in 1932 Oscar Rauna moved to Tallinn, which goes to the Art-Industrial School
. In 1938, he finished it, obtaining a diploma of the artist Decorative Art. He perfects his skills in the Tallinn Pedagogical School and the Higher School of Arts.
Estonian art life in those years was quite busy. Tartu School of society "Pallas" was a major center for training young artists. Teachers here are well-known painters Roman Niemann, Augusto Jansen and Peter Arena.
While still a student in 1937, receiving an honorary Oscar Rauna order. For the pavilion Baltic countries at the World Exhibition in Paris, he wrote six large pictorial panels. Unfortunately, the fate of these works is currently unknown. In the meeting of the artist's sketches have survived, two of which - "Forestry" and "Fishing" - the author himself calls the best. In them the artist has sought to embody the pathos of a severe labor. In "Fishing" center of the composition is a stocky figure of an old fisherman, the retractor in his boat fan outgoing network. His strong movement if he resists water element. Complex composite view can cover look great expanses of water with a boat and a flying seagull in broken clouds and a huge sail, attaching it with a young fisherman. Rauna was able to overcome the impersonality of most decorative and monumental paintings of those years and remain a distinctive and national artist. No wonder these panels were seen criticism and the painter was awarded the highest award of the exhibition.
The Great Patriotic War. Rauna not hesitate to go to the front. Harsh experience of war found subsequently reflected in the artist's. In 1948, he created a large canvas, which brought him deserved fame, - "Estonian Red Guards on the outskirts of Rakvere in 1918" (State Art Museum of Estonia). This work put forward Raunama the ranks of the outstanding masters of thematic historical and revolutionary paintings. The glorious event of the struggle for Soviet power found in him a talented interpreter. Winter landscape conveys a sense of suspense. In the depths of flash figures preparing for battle Red. In the foreground, busily checking the card, giving final instructions before the attack, the commander. Another moment ... and burst into a deadly fire.
The artist will return to the revolutionary theme in the film "Uprising" (1967), whose center will be the working-bearer. There seemed to merge together and the elements of easel paintings, and original monumentalism, conscript and the power of the poster.
. Breakout artist painting led to the development of the portrait genre, which occupy a special place "Portrait of a blacksmith Tompera" (1947, Art Foundation ESSR) and "Portrait of an elderly woman" (1948).
. Rauna constantly asserts creative, effective the beginning of his heroes
. In the painting "Afternoon. Milking cows "(1949) daily collective labor in the interpretation of the artist painted reassuring optimism.
Among the numerous portraits created Raunamom, a significant place is occupied by the images of leaders of Estonian culture. He posed writer L. Remmelgas (1964, State Museum of the Estonian SSR), an artist Aili Vint (1965), keramistka H. Kuma (1982), actor Yu Yarvet (1984).
. Throughout his long creative life of Oscar Rauna constantly paints landscapes, favorite old Tallinn
. Particular attention is drawn to such canvases as "Haystacks" (1946), "Winter Hay" (1947), watercolor, waterfall on the River Suna in Karelia "(1959)," Old Town "(1984). In recent years the artist often refers to the genre of still life.
Oscar Rauna has great social and teaching. Within ten years (1952-1962), he was vice-rector of the Art Institute of the Estonian SSR. He had also written several books on the technique of watercolor painting and applied graphics.
In 1964 Professor Oscar Rauna was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the Estonian SSR.