SHARAPOV Viktor( Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Major-General)
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Biography SHARAPOV Viktor
Born March 17, 1931 in Moscow. Father - Sharapov Vasily (1904-1985), forty years in the Army, Colonel. Mother - Sharapova (Kondrakova) Akulina Kondratyevna (1904-1980), worked as a telephone operator in the People's Commissariat of Defense. Wife - Sharapova (Samoilova) Julia (1930 g.rozhd.), Teacher of geography. Son - Sharapov Alexander (1956-2000), a Sinologist, died of cancer. Granddaughter - Catherine, a student at MGIMO, studying Chinese.
Parents Victor Vasilyevich came from a peasant family, lived in the Tula region. Summer of 1941, Victor went to his native village of parents, where lived his grandfather, grandmother, aunt. There they found the war. Two months from October to December, they lived under the Germans. Then, many years later, not once had to write about this in the questionnaires, to explain how this happened.
The memory of this tragedy is preserved for life. Under the muzzles of the German machines a census of the families of the Communists and Red Army commanders. Family Sharapov hit on both lists, but to send the barbed wire assembly point is not managed. In Victoria's eyes shoot a group of fighters were surrounded and were hiding in nearby forests, where Victor and friends drove sometimes bread and potatoes. There was a raid on the village freed when incendiary bullets from the burned once thatched roof. And then, before returning to Moscow, he survived two hungry in war-ravaged countryside, where the remaining old men, women and children plow, sow, the harvest. Delivered to the state almost everything, but people did not complain, know that it takes to win.
In 1949, Victor joined the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies at the Chinese branch. That year was victorious for the revolution in China, and wanted to participate in the general affairs of the Soviet and Chinese peoples. In 1954 Victor graduated and got a diploma stranoveda in China. In the same summer it is an indication of "top", on which the country did not need so many specialists in the East, and the institution closed. The graduates themselves had to seek work. Most of the classmates went to Beijing, where the exhibition opens in the achievements of the national economy. Victor was in the international department of the newspaper "Krasnaya Zvezda". Since then, journalism was his profession.
In China, the first time he was in 1959, when he was sent to the editor in the magazine "Friendship", published in Beijing for Soviet readers. There he became acquainted with the real life great friendly country, with its successes and failures, faced with what could not have expected - with the deepening gap between the leadership of two countries.
In the summer of 1960 NS. Khrushchev, in the heat of controversy with Mao Zedong took a hasty decision to withdraw professional. It has long cast a shadow over relations between the two countries. Shortly before departure, Zhou Enlai leaving awarded the medal "The Sino-Soviet Friendship". Viktor and now wears it when meeting with the Chinese comrades.
In the spring of 1961 he was accepted to work in the offices of the newspaper "Pravda" and sent a correspondent in China. Knowledge of the language, experience as a journalist, a sincere respect for the Chinese people have helped him to quickly find a common language with Chinese and Soviet counterparts. But the fates decreed, they found themselves embroiled in controversy between the CPSU and the CPC Central Committee. When the "cultural revolution", Sharapov was recalled to Moscow, where he continued to work on the Chinese in the direction of the department of the socialist countries of Central Committee. For his work in China, he received his first medal - "Badge of Honor.
Since the beginning of the American air war against Vietnam "Truth" more than once sent Victor Sharapova in Hanoi. He wrote about the courage of the militia and anti-aircraft gunners, the first victory pilots mastered Soviet fighters, the selfless work of rice farmers and miners, the destruction of factories, schools and hospitals, those killed and maimed civilians of. These reports included in books on the Vietnam War, and written in collaboration with other Pravdists - Yuri Zhukov.
In 1965 the book "Vietnam, 1965", in 1968 - "Otpor", and in 1972, a year before the victory of the Vietnamese patriots - "People on War". The journalist was awarded for this Order of Red Star.
In May 1971, Viktor Sharapov was invited to KGB chairman YV. Andropov, who knew him back when the CPSU Central Committee headed by the Division for Relations with the communist and workers' parties of socialist countries. Viktor was a consultant KGB chairman, used his journalistic experience to work on speeches and presentations, prepares analytical materials. For work in the KGB Viktor Sharapov was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor. He was given the rank of Major General.
In May 1981, again had to change jobs. Turning to the work of the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee on Ideology, YV. Andropov took with him a few close people, among whom were PP. Laptev, E.I. Kalgin and VV. Sharapov. In December 1982, when Yuri Andropov was elected General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, they went into his office.
. Work Assistant Secretary General was able to provide access to critical information sources, demanding a rethinking of many previous ideas about the domestic and international affairs
. On behalf YV. Andropov Sharapov pick up materials about the dangers of egalitarianism, the inadmissibility of departure from the principle of payment for labor, material interest of the employee, the labor collective in their performance. Also, Viktor participated in the preparation of meetings YV. Andropov, with the leaders of the socialist countries.
Today, before the eyes of Victor Vasilyevich held, as in reality, the conversation with Yuri Vladimirovich, when, after hours, he invited aides to come to him. Andropov spoke about the necessity of renovation of socialism, thinking about possible ways to implement. Then Sharapov first heard that it was time to move away from some well-established pattern in our thinking, to work with people. Andropov emphasized the need to restructure the economic mechanism and accelerate the progress of productive forces, transparency and accountability to the masses, including the work of the Politburo. The Secretary General said that the need to enforce labor discipline in the factories, farms, research institutions, as well as throughout the state activity.
After the death of YV. Andropov Sharapova offered in February 1984 left the new Assistant Secretary-General - K.U. Chernenko. He agreed. However, the fruitful work of poor health prevented Chernenko, and his conversations with the leadership of the socialist countries are often limited to the reading of the text prepared by an assistant.
In March 1985, VV. Sharapova invited to stay as his assistant and ms. Gorbachev. He then put forward the policy of perestroika, which was conceived more in the YV. Andropov.
In the same year, Sharapov was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of Lievens constituency Orel region, and at the XXVII Congress of the CPSU - a member of the Central Auditing Commission. He was awarded the Order of Friendship of Peoples.
In March 1988, VV. Sharapov was sent as ambassador to Bulgaria. Wind of change did not pass and this country: there was growing belief that without the restructuring will not do. In autumn 1989, the ambassador said in Moscow that the T. Zhivkov is going to leave his post. And he went. These changes have occurred in Bulgaria, not without the participation of the Soviet ambassador, who in all the recent meetings with the leaders spoke about the possibility of the most severe consequences in case of attempts to restrain the urgent administrative changes. Before Bulgaria opened the prospects for democratic development.
VV. Sharapov was the last ambassador to Bulgaria and the first ambassador of Russia in this country. In the summer of 1992 he was recalled to Moscow. None of the leadership of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, met with him. Only after 9 years, . when it celebrated its 70 th anniversary, . Foreign executives sent a congratulation, . stating, . that his work as ambassador to Bulgaria has allowed at a critical juncture of history with honor, . firmly and consistently defend the interests of the motherland.,
. Sharapov still maintains contact with Bulgaria. He is deputy chairman of the international public organization "Union of Friends of Bulgaria", . which comes from the, . that left us the history of the spiritual ties between Russia and Bulgaria are needed and still, . that in, . when relations between Moscow and Sofia are experiencing is not the best of times, . important to maintain a, . that connects people, . serves the interests of economic and cultural development of both countries,
. The Union publishes books, conducts concerts of children's choirs, which sound the Bulgarian song, where together they are expressed by such wonderful artists as the Bulgarian Biser Kirov, Bedros Kirkorov. And in the distant Rhodope Mountains call bell cast in Moscow, a new Orthodox Church. This also attended by members of the Union.
VV. Sharapov was one of the initiators of the exhibition of photographs of monuments of Russia's soldiers, who fell for the liberation of Bulgaria Shipka, under the Pleven. At this exhibition, held in Mr.. Orel, the head of the regional administration, the President of the Federation Council of Federal Assembly of Russia E.S. Stroyev expressed confidence that the activities of the Union of Friends of Bulgaria ", corresponding to Russia's national interests will always find understanding and support both in Russia and in Bulgaria.
. On a friendly basis, respect and pride in the history of the glory of Russia there was a group of like-minded
. It includes the head of "Megawatt-Bank" VM. Gurychev, Alexander Troubetzkoy and Alim Krylov, who are representatives of well-known Russian surnames, whose parents were at the will of fate since 1917 in France. He is known in this group and Victor Sharapov. In 1997, 120 anniversary of the liberation of Bulgaria was published the book "In the coming we gaze through the Past", written by the head of the Institute of Military History, Major-General VA Zolotarev. In 1999 came the book "a true European Russia", . dedicated to 200 anniversary of the Alpine campaign of Suvorov, . a year later and the third book - "Under Rossiyskim St. Andrew's flag", . associated with the 200 th anniversary of the completion of a hike in the Mediterranean Squadron under the leadership of Admiral Ushakov.,
. Sharapov - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, has the rank of Major General, is an honorary member of the Russo-Chinese Committee of Friendship, Peace and Development. He was awarded the Sino-Soviet Friendship, the Order of Labor Red Banner, Red Star, "Badge of Honor".
Main hobby - mushroom. In recent years, he likes mixed forests along the banks of the Tver region Ivankovskoye reservoir that is located in the upper reaches of the Volga.