Feltsman Oscar B.( People's Artist of Russia, winner of the All-Union and international song festivals)
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Biography Feltsman Oscar B.
Born February 18, 1921 in Odessa. Father - Feltsman Boris Osipovich. Mother - Celia Feltsman Abramovna. Son - Vladimir Feltsman Oskarovich (1952 g. born.), a graduate of the Moscow Conservatory, pianist.
Father Oscar Feltsman was known in Odessa, a surgeon, a specialist in bone tuberculosis, and enjoyed a reputation as one of the best orthopedic City. In addition to basic training, he played professional piano. Having in his youth a good musical education, it is up to the last days of his life playing pieces by great composers.
Music childhood hobby became Oscar Feltsman. From school he first ran home - to the music. Then with his father and mother are on Pushkin Street went to the Philharmonic - the music they needed as the air! In the difficult 1920-1930-s concert life in Odessa was in full swing. In Odessa came to the best international touring. Outstanding pianists, violinists, cellists, singers succeeded each other.
In 5 years parents took Oscar to Stolyarovsky (it was considered almost mandatory). Each Odessa boy had to show a famous teacher. After two weeks of training on the violin Oscar said: "I do not want to play standing up, I want to sit". PS Stolyarsky said: "Put the boy at the piano. Let sit ". Oscar B. convinced that the composer must be a pianist, in his childhood he felt it intuitively. To play the piano, he studied with distinguished professors - Bertha Mikhailovna Reynbald, which has engaged Emil Gilels, Tatiana Goldfarb and other great musicians. Oscar played the piano well, but born in him the desire to compose his music did not give him no rest since 6 years. His first piano pieces he called "Autumn". In the future very quickly mastered the musical school and began writing piano scores. Once he told his father that in order to write music, he needed board. Father ordered the board virtuoso cabinetmaker Schlegel, who made the board - a masterpiece of art joiner. All further work of the composer was forever associated with this board. She is standing on his piano in the center on the desk for the music. Board became an accomplice of all his music, following him everywhere.
In 1939, O. Feltsman graduated from the famous school of PS Stolyarovsky to be entered on the Gold Honor board and went to Moscow. He entered the Conservatoire in the class VY Shabalin. At the entrance exam at the composition faculty brilliantly took his "Sonatina" for piano. At the 2-year student he was granted a Stalin scholarship. For two years in Moscow were ups, there were doubts. Was premiered cello sonata in the Small Hall of the Conservatory. He played an outstanding musician and teacher, Professor Kozolup, the party of the piano played by the author.
Since the beginning of the war Feltsman evacuated to Novosibirsk. In this city in 20 years, he became executive secretary of the Siberian Union of Composers. At the meeting of the union came eminent composer Georgy Sviridov and Vladimir Shcherbachev. As members of the Union of Soviet Composers took Kirill Molchanov, who at the second piano Feltsman helped in showing his piano concerto. There were also Mravinskiy, Sollertinsky, Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, jazz Utjosov. Feltsman wrote music for the Philharmonic, Leningrad Alexandrinsky theater, several performances of the Jewish Theater of Belarus. Suddenly Novosibirsk arrived BD Vladimir, who at that time held the post of Chief of musical institutions in the country. Learning from the composer Shcherbachev that in Novosibirsk is a gifted young composer, Vladimir Feltsman turned to the proposal with him to go to the city Stalinsk, which was then the Moscow Operetta Theater. On the day of their arrival in the theater was "Silva" I. Kalman. Operetta Felzman stunned, he felt that his whole subsequent life will be associated with operetta, song, genre of light. He felt the previously unknown creative spaces, musical and dramatic aspirations, and most importantly - no fog, and a clear goal.
Moscow theater operetta composer made a rush order - to write an operetta based on the play V. Kataev "Blue Kerchief". He wrote music for two weeks, bringing to work on the poems of the Siberian poet Lev Kondyreva. Worked day and night. The denouement came in the style of "socialist realism" - in the newspaper "Pravda" play Katayeva was defeated, and the music was Felzman "ownerless". Understanding the Moscow Opera Theater and the valiant Soviet criticism held. After many years of co-operation with this remarkable theater composer brought an unforgettable creative and fun.
In 1941, in Novosibirsk Feltsman married student choir conductor of the Moscow Conservatory faculty Evgenia Petrovna Kaidanovsky, Sibiryachka. In Moscow, he and his wife returned in 1945. Temporarily settled with relatives in Krivoarbatsky Lane. Life steeply raised the question: either forget the so-called easy genre to write a serious academic music, . competing with other students in the Conservatory, . either take the path of self-improvement, and never in my life not to part with a light genre, . which was necessary for the composer, . as air,
. He went in the second and never in my life about this decision is not sorry. Three post-war years were not easy for him. One day, overcoming doubts, he came into the Union of Composers and, having played major works, has been unconditionally accepted in the musicians' organization. Meanwhile, the "leaking" news of great ability Feltsman in light genre. He offered to work together then popular operetta playwright Ilya Rubinstein. Oscar excitedly started to work, and soon on the stages of peripheral theaters appeared his musical comedies, among them - "Alien Night", which became in many cities sold out performance. To him gradually come to fame and recognition. In 1948, the Moscow Operetta Theater presented the premiere of his musical comedy "Air Castle" (drama and poetry, and V. Vinnikov V. Kracht). The premiere coincided with a landmark event in the life of the country - "historic" decision of the Central Committee of the formalism in music, subjected raznosnoy criticized the country's most prominent composers from Shostakovich ...
. In 1952 there were two premieres - in the Operetta Theater - "Suvorochka" and the Theater of Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko - Shumit Mediterranean Sea "
. Natalia Sats, was in charge of those years in the Children's Department Moskontsert, assessed the ability Felzman quickly and accurately carry out the creative jobs, and the musician has written many children's music for its productions. In addition to operettas, he began writing music for the circus acts, burlesque. This work introduced him to directors, poets, playwrights. Until 1950, he was never interested in the song, it just did not attract his attention.
In 1962, Oscar Feltsman wrote a concerto for violin and orchestra, a full-fledged essay in three parts, following the traditions of the classical form. In Odessa, and then in Moscow, it seemed to him that the song - not a serious matter. B. Dragoon and L. Davidovich, much has been written for the stage. They suggested Feltsman few poetic texts for the songs. Among them were lyrics "liner". He immediately wrote to them music. All the familiar music like. Decided that the song must perform Leonid Utesov. Feltsman himself went to Utyosov and introduced him to this song. The famous actor has agreed to fulfill its. The composer was bent take flight this, wanted to write new songs. He entered into a new musical world: as demonstrated by time - forever. Then, for a variety of annual programs of the garden "Hermitage" was written by a dance song on the words of Olga Fadeeva. Feltsman handed notes famous singer Helena Velikanova, and two weeks later the whole of Moscow, and behind it and sang the whole country which subsequently became famous "lily of the valley lilies of the valley ...".
Then life presented a nasty surprise. For the next report to the CC party functionaries took examples of vulgarity in art, or so-called "sample violations of socialist purity and wisdom". The choice fell on Felzman. Composer blamed for "Lilies of the Valley", not months, even years - nearly a quarter century! A love song and sang, love and sing until now.
Later the song was written entirely from another musical number - on the verses in. Voinovich "Komsomol twentieth year". The premiere was held at the city of its party conference, held in the hall named after PI. Tchaikovsky. Feltsman offered a break to speak and show their last song of. The song was a huge success. Soon to launch the world's first artificial satellite appeared the song "I believe that friends become your favorite song not only for future astronauts, but the whole big country. Composer friends with our first cosmonaut - Yury Gagarin, Andrian Nikolayev, especially - with Pavel Popovich.
It so happened that the first steps on the stage, the composer made very quickly. He was particularly grateful to the masters of the stage of the older generation, . who felt his prospects: the famous entertainer M. Harkavy, and A. Alexeev, . letting Feltsman on stage, . created in the room so inviting atmosphere, . what, . going out to the public, . He felt concerned for his attitude,
. Eventually Feltsman was to cooperate with many famous artists - Claudia Shulzhenko, A. Menaker, I. Nabatovym. Later he worked with famous poets - M. Matusovsky, E. Dolmatovsky, R. Christmas, R. Gamzatova, N. Dorizo. But first the composer drew attention to pure "singers" among them - Olga Fadeeva, in those years to write lyrics for songs of many famous composers. With it, he wrote many songs. Among them, apart from Lily of the Valley "-" Song of the postman, "which played a charming Oleg Anofriev. Of the songs of the period "lily of the valley, the composer selects a song to the words of G. Hodosova My Vasya". It very quickly became popular in the performance of Nina Dorda, but just as often criticized "spokesmen" of culture.
Michael Matusovskij ... It was a happy time for the composer when he wrote the music for the film "The sailor with the" Comet ". Other songs - "There is a man in love," "Trains," created jointly, have also become popular, but the "Black Sea" was among the songs that you can write only once in his life.
In 1967 he organized a radio transmission of "Good morning!". Feltsman asked to write for her a song that would sound callsigns, every Sunday, announcing that "Sunday - a day of fun". The song was written in the words of Olga Fadeeva, and sang it, Mark Bernes. Since its release tunes on the air has passed more than 30 years, but the composer has not parted with the people who gave birth to this transfer, which has won great love of the people. That song Felzman, . first heard in "Good morning": "Lilies of the Valley", . "Komsomol twentieth year", . "Rulate", . "I believe, . Friends, . "Crown of the Danube", . "They stand palaces, . stations are ", . "There's song in a circle", . "White Light", . "I do not see ...", . "The front-line, . Wear Order, . "Big Sky", . "The fire of Prometheus", . "Be a man", . "The Ballad of the flag", . "The Ballad of colors", . "The Ballad of immortality", . "The Return of Romance", . Waltz by candlelight ", . "Daughters", . cycle "With love to a woman", . "Lonely", . "Peace to your house", . "For half an hour before the spring", . "Island of Childhood", . "Foal" ..,
. And this is only a small part of the song sounded in the morning transmission.
. From 1952 to 1972 Oscar Feltsman not write operettas, but in 1973 the director Yuri Khmelnitsky invited him to write music for the classic comedy Brandon Thomas "Auntie Charleya"
. After a 20-year hiatus, composer eagerly went to work. Poems written by Robert Rozhdestvensky. It was their first collaboration in the operetta. A few years later, the play Odessa authors together they created the musical comedy "Old Houses", which bypassed the stage of almost all of our theaters, went abroad. "Auntie Charleya" was first staged in Krasnodar, and then at the Moscow Operetta Theater director M. Rappaport and became a hit for many seasons. With this performance began the second period of Felzman in operetta. In many theaters, then immediately walked three of his operettas: "Auntie," "House" and "Let the guitar playing" (drama and poetry E. Halperin and Y. Annenskogo).
Most creative friendship bound Oscar Feltsman and remarkable poet Yevgeny Dolmatovski. Song - "Crown of the Danube", "remember the people" - the fruit of their joint work. Poetry Dolmatovski, diverse in form and rhythm, fired the imagination of the composer, urging to create something more detailed form than the song. Feltsman road song cycle "Spanish Subjects. It consists of four parts, quite a contrast. Ballad - a story of heroism - "Garcia Lorca", . "Maria de la O" - the song, . that went through the war, . remained alive and warms the heart and today, "Madrid - Metro" - the song-story about two lovers, . for which the station - the only place for the meeting; finale - "Don Quixote" - the song-call for the eternal and courageous fight for truth and justice,
. Singer Leonid Serebrennikov clearly interpreted these songs, short stories, which are still continuing their stage life.
With great appreciation Feltsman recalls Robert Rozhdestvensky, the man largely determined his fate. They wrote songs and ballads for the play "Young Guard", . cycle ballads, entitled "The Ballad of immortality", . for which they have repeatedly received top awards at the All-Union and international competitions, . lyrical songs, . example, . "The old word" (from the movie "It's stronger than me").,
. Very dear to the composer song cycle to poems Rasul Gamzatov "With love to a woman," written in 1972, in a unique performance of Muslim Magomayev
. In 1973, Feltsman wrote an oratorio based on poems Gamzatova "homeland" for soloist, chorus and orchestra, in three parts. For the first time this work was performed on 4 and 5 November 1980 in Sofia, Bulgaria folk army. Conducted by. At the end of 1974, the poems in translation Gamzatova R. Rozhdestvensky was written song "Love". It is included in the "Song of the Year", and she was awarded. Performed it Sergey Zakharov. In 1980 Kobzon sang a song cycle based on poems by R. Gamzatov "Give me your hand, friend". The song "Favorite" in this series healed his own life. After the song Felzman sounded in the first author's presentation, many singers have to perform them in their own. One such performance on the strength of the artistic embodiment could be considered a premiere - the birth of song. This is a performance of songs the composer "There are eyes colors" and "Lullaby" on the verses by R. Gamzatov ensemble Stas Namin. According Felzman, these new readings of their works and musicians can be proud of.
In mid 1980 the composer had the idea - to organize for their copyright concerts instrumental ensemble. This musical collective was "Lights of Moscow" with soloist Irina Allegrova. Act within two years. All this happened after the unfortunate heart attack of the composer, and gradually he felt that the nomadic life of the concert moves with difficulty, and gave the ensemble composer David Tukhmanov.
. In the late 1980's Oscar Feltsman felt a special attraction to the music of the Jewish
. Probably, the trigger to work on the writings on the Jewish theme served given him a collection of "From Jewish Folk Poetry". In 1987, he wrote a song cycle "Songs of the former". In the translation of Nahum Grebneva word in this series have piercing emotion and draw pictures of visible life of the Jewish shtetl. Performed this cycle Iosif Kobzon. The film, shot on these songs, at once attracted the attention of viewers.
In the late 1990's Feltsman wrote 12 songs in the words of Yuri Garin. Subjects of these modern songs. Music played them in Odessa on the author's concert during the celebration of 200 anniversary of the city. They were heard in New York and on the stage of other cities. Some of them are wonderful singing Alla Yoshpe and Stahan Rakhimov, Klara Novikova. Oscar B. also wrote about an hour of music for violin and piano. Part of this composition was also in Odessa in the performance of the famous violinist, professor of the Vienna Conservatory, Dora Schwartzberg.
In May 1995, Oscar B. was in the city of Noyabrsk during the celebration of Victory. There were many meetings, concerts, at which tens of thousands of people sang songs singing the composer. Returning to Moscow, he wanted to continue the case, which is not completed prior to departure, but the answer is quite different ideas, stories suggested by the distant town near the Arctic Circle. So there were five songs on this wonderful city. Subsequently, they were recorded Valentina Tolkunova, Leonid Serebrennikov, IN. Shivrin accompanied by the orchestra of the Bolshoi Theater. Published 20 thousand audio cassettes, 10 thousand collections of music. A television shot five clips, visuals are strikingly different temperaments and spirituality. It took more time ... Songs Felzman settled in the town of Noyabrsk, and one of them - "Home, home" - became an anthem of the city.
Associated with the November and appearance of the ballet "Bun" (libretto by A. Agamirov). This work was prompted by the life of this northern city, its cultural development. Work on the ballet has been connected with the forthcoming opening of the ballet school. Premiere, carried out by students and teachers of the institution, was a great success. Music recording was made in Moscow, the Bolshoi Theater Orchestra, which is done in the workshops and the scenery of this performance.
This choreographic theme in the work of Oscar Feltsman not over. In 2000, for "Russian Ballet" Vyacheslav Gordeev composer was written ballet based on the novella by Prosper Merimee's Venus Ilskaya "(libretto in. Gordeeva and O. Feltsman).
In recent years, the composer created a number of chamber works, including "Ten songs based on poems by Ina Lisnyanskoy", "Cycle of romances on poems by Marina Tsvetaeva," a cycle of songs based on poems by X. Bialik.
February 18, 2001 at the Central Concert Hall "Russia" held a jubilee concert of the composer. To his 80-th anniversary of Oscar B. wrote a lot of new music, and this evening were premiered many of his works
. Apart stands another project, . realized by Oscar Borisovich, . - CD entitled "Jewish luck", . which collected 10 instrumental pieces performed by the trio "Mazal Tov" from Ekaterinburg, . wonderful musicians - the first award of the international competition for the best performance of Jewish music at the festival the Mikhoels in Moscow,
. In spring 2001, Feltsman invited to New York for the opening of the exhibition Russian collection of paintings of Marc Chagall, where he gave his CD honorary guests of the exhibition. "Jewish luck" composer, rang in the walls of the Central Museum of Jewish Culture in New York, at odds over the world ...
O.B. Feltsman - People's Artist of Russia, holder of the Order of Friendship of Peoples and "For Service to the Fatherland" IV degree, multiple winner of the international, all-Russia union and song festivals.
Lives and works in Moscow.