BLITSKY Vsevolod Apollonovich( One of the leaders of state security, the Commissioner of Public Safety 1 st rank)
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Biography BLITSKY Vsevolod Apollonovich
Vsevolod Balitsky Apollonovich (27.11.1892, Verkhnodniprovsk Ekaterinoslav province - 27.11.1937, Moscow), one of the leaders of the state security, the Commissioner of Public Security of rank 1 (26.1 1.1935). The son of an accountant. He studied at the Faculty of Moscow University (not finished). Received his education in Tiflis school ensigns (1915). In 1913 joined RSDLP, Menshevik, and in 1915 moved to the Bolsheviks. In 1915, drafted into the army, Lieutenant. In Feb.. 1917 elected as Chairman of the Regimental Committee 114 First Reserve Regiment. Since October. Before 1917. Council of Soldiers' Deputies (Tabriz). From 1918 to work illegally in Georgia. arrested by the Georgian government. In December. 1918 introduced a panel of All-Ukrainian Cheka (VUCHK) and was appointed Head. Division. In 1919 the head. Secretariat VUCHK in Sept.. 1919 was the chairman briefly VUCHK in Gomel. In Sept. .- Oct.. Before 1919. Revolutionary Tribunal Gomel fortified area. In October. Before 1919. Ukrainian organizing committee, then politinspektor Cheka. On Nov.. Before 1919. Volyn, since Dec. 1919 Kiev Cheka Cheka and simultaneously envoy in Right Bank Ukraine. In 1920, the beginning. rear and front. Tribunal of South-Western Front. Widely applied extrajudicial arrests, executions, executions of hostages, etc.. In 1920-21 Deputy. prev. Central management of emergency committees. Since April. 1921 to March 1922 Deputy. prev. and commander VUCHK. Since July 1922 Deputy. prev. from 1.9.1923 to 31.6.1931 before. GPU Ukraine, while the GPU-OGPU plenipotentiary of the USSR in Ukraine, and in March 1934 - Nov.. 1930 People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR. Since his name is associated with arrest and expulsion of "nationalist" intellectuals, etc.. From 1/9/1930 member of CCC, CPSU (b). From 31.6.1931 to 10.7.1934 Deputy. prev. OGPU at SNK. In 1932 Balitskii headed the committee on the introduction of passports, which served as a pretext "the need to clean the cities of unnecessary and anti-social elements". In rerultate appeared ruling ANC on 28.4.1933, which prohibited the issuance of passports to the peasants that fully prevent them having to leave the village. Developed under the leadership Balitskii right to act until 1974. In November. 1932 directed the OGPU special plenipotentiary to Ukraine, where at this time raging hunger, with the task "of course fulfill the plan of grain". On 21.2.1933 OGPU plenipotentiary to the USSR and before. GPU Ukraine, from 15/7/1934 Commissar of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. One of the main organizers of mass terror in the Ukraine, which claimed the lives of tens of thousands of people. Since 1934 member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Among the other security officers Balitsky, according to several sources, found the documents on cooperation I.V. Stalin before the revolution intact branch. 11.05.1937 transferred to the Far East early. Office of the NKVD. 7/7/1937 arrested and expelled from the party. 27.11.1937 "special order" was sentenced to death. Shot.