PETERS Yakov( One of the leaders of state security.)
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Biography PETERS Yakov
Yakov Peters (21/11/1886, Brinkenskaya parish Gazenpotskogo County Kurland province - 25.4.1938), one of the leaders of the state security. The son of a laborer. Work. In 1904 joined the Social Democracy of the Latvian territory (SDLC). Conducted agitation among the peasants. In 1907, arrested in 1909 he emigrated. Lived in London. In 1917 he returned to Russia, a member of the Central Committee of the SDLC, his representative in RSDLP (b), editor of "Qin". In October. 1917 members of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee. Since December. 1917 members of board of the Cheka, the deputy. prev. Cheka, before. In May-June 1918 under the direction of Peters were defeated "Save the Fatherland and Freedom". Headed the Left Socialist-Revolutionary suppression of rebellion in Moscow. One of the main organizers of chekist provocations in t.ch. "conspiracy ambassadors. Conducted interviews and then addressed the prosecutor at the trials of British diplomat B. Lockhart and scout with. Raleigh. From July 8 to August 22. 1918 Acting before. Cheka instead suspended F.E. Dzerzhinsky, and then to March 1919 was a Deputy. prev. Cheka. Insisted on the complete lack of control of the Cheka, which produces "searches, arrests, executions, giving the following account of CNS and the All". In May 1919 Extraordinary Commissioner in Petrograd. In fact, became the dictator of Petrograd, deploying it in a bloody campaign of mass terror. Personally led the mass arrests and shootings inside the city were drawn up lists (in the telephone directory) for arrest of former officials, military, capitalists, nobles, etc.. Then the commandant of the Petrograd and Kiev fortified areas. Gave the order to arrest the wives and adult family members of officers who sided with the white. In 1920-22 the plenipotentiary representative of the Cheka in Turkestan, a member of the Bureau of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Turkestan (b). Supervised the destruction of "collaborators" Bassmachis. Peters personally responsible for numerous killings and executions of hostages, torture, confiscation, etc.. Was one of the most odious figures in the Cheka, differing extreme ruthlessness. Since 1922 the beginning. Eastern Division of the GPU. Since 1923 member of the board of the OGPU. In 1930, transferred from the organs of the OGPU in the Party work. In 1930-34 before. Moscow Control Commission of the CPSU (b). In 1937, commanded the guard of the Kremlin. In 1937, arrested. 25/4/1938 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated.