SMIRNOV Ivan Nikitich( The Party leader)
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Biography SMIRNOV Ivan Nikitich
Smirnov Ivan Nikitich (1881, Ryazan province - 25.8.1936), the party leader. The son of a peasant. Educated in the initial city uchilishe. He worked on the railroad. In 1899 he joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. Conducted party work in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vyshniy Volochok, Rostov, Kharkov, Tomsk. Repeatedly arrested. In 1916, drafted into the army, served in a reserve regiment in Tomsk, conducted revolutionary activities. In 1917, a member of the executive committee of the Tomsk Board. Since August. 1917 organizer of the Bolshevik publishing house "The Wave" (Moscow). Member of Constituent Assembly. During the Civil War, a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Eastern Front (August. 1918 - April. 1919), 5 th Army (April. 1919 - May 1920). In 1919-20 and 1921-22 Candidate for membership in 1920-21 and 1922-23 member of the RCP (b). In 1920-21 before. Of the Siberian Revolutionary Committee and member of the Siberian office of the RCP (b). Maintained close contacts with the KGB, led the bloody suppression of peasant uprisings in Tyumen and Altai. Organized operation to capture the general Fs. Ungern. In 1921-22 Secretary of the Petrograd Committee and the North-West Bureau of the CC RCP (b), the closest ally of G.E. Zinoviev, involved in mass executions and expulsions from Petersburg, representatives of the "exploiting classes". In April-Sept. 1922 and May-July 1923 Member of the Presidium of the Supreme Economic Council of the RSFSR, in Sept.. 1922 - May 1923 Deputy. prev. VSNKh. In 1923 the opposition signed a "statement of the 46 th, 1927 -" statement of 83 ". After the death of VI. Lenin publicly insisted on withdrawing I.V. Stalin from the post of General Secretary. 6.7.1923 appointed People's Commissar of Post and Telegraphs, USSR. Since 1923 an active member of the Trotskyist opposition. Served with a very sharp criticism I.V. Stalin. 12.11.1927 removed from the post of Commissar, and in December. 1927 XV Congress of the CPSU (b) expelled from party. 31.12.1927 Decision of the Special Meeting (CCA) at the College of the OGPU said to 3 years of exile. In October. 1929 "broke with Trotskyism" and in May 1930 restored in the CPSU (b). In 1929-32 the trust manager "Saratovkombaynstroy". Since 1932 the beginning. managing new buildings of the USSR People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry. 14.1.1933 and 20.2.1933 arrested again expelled from party. 16/4/1933 CCA sentenced to 5 years in the camps. Still being held in custody as a defendant in the trial of "anti-Soviet united Trotsky-Zinoviev bloc 24.8.1936 and sentenced to death. Shot. His wife Rose and daughter Olga shot in 1937. In 1988, rehabilitated.