Yakovlev, Yakov Arkadevich( Statesman)
Comments for Yakovlev, Yakov Arkadevich
Biography Yakovlev, Yakov Arkadevich
Yakovlev (real name - Epstein), Yakov Arkadevich (9.6.1896, Grodno - 29.7.1938), statesman. Son Teacher. He studied at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute (not finished). In 1913 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. Since 1917 the Secretary Ekaterinoslav Committee RSDLP (b). Member of an armed uprising in Petrograd (October. 1917). Since April. 1918 Secretary of the Moscow regional bureau of the Union of Metalworkers. Then he was sent to the underground work in Ukraine, one of the organizers of the uprising in Kharkov (Jan. 1919). prev. Revcom. Vyanv.-July 1919 before. Ekaterinoslav Provincial Committee Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine. Savg. Early 1919. Political Department of the 14 th Army. In October .- Nov.. Before 1919. Vladimir's executive committee. Since December. 1919 Member of the Bureau of the CC CP (b) of Ukraine, in Jan-Nov. Before 1920. Kharkov Provincial Committee Party. At the same time in April .- Nov.. 1920 Member of the Politburo of the CC CP (b) of Ukraine. In 1920-21 member Glavpolitprosveta education of the RSFSR People's Commissariat of. In 1922-24 he worked in the Central Committee of the RCP (b): Deputy. Head., Head. Subdivision print agitpropotdela. In the 1923-29 editor of the Peasants newspaper and in 1924-28 - the newspaper "poor". In 1924-30 a member of the CCC, CPSU (B), in 1926-27 Alternate Member, in 1827-30 a member of the Presidium of the CCC. Since 1926, Deputy. Commissar of the Workers 'and Peasants' Inspection. 8/12/1929 I.V. Stalin created the People's Commissariat of Agriculture of the USSR - previously these were Republican Commissariats. New People's Commissariat headed by Yakovlev, had to perform a crucial task - to destroy the carrier of "bourgeois ideology" in the village and create a socialist countryside. Since July 1930 a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Yakovlev, a staunch supporter I.V. Stalin, as well as unprincipled careerist and the executive, was charged with carrying out collectivization in the USSR. The main organizer of the defeat of the Soviet countryside, which killed millions of people and caused unprecedented famine in Russia, 1932-33, which killed 4 to 5 million people. The most odious personality among the Stalinist leadership. On 10.4.1934 Head. agricultural department of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Since October. 1936 1 st Vice. prev. The Control Committee of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). From July 27 to August 8. 1937 served as the 1 st secretary of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Belarus, made it a number of arrests "national-fascists". 12/10/1937 Arrested. Sentenced to death. He was posthumously rehabilitated. In 1957, rehabilitated and restored in the party.