Gallen( Roman Emperor)
Comments for Gallen
Gallen, Publius Licinius Valerian Gnatia - Roman emperor in 253-268 years. Genus. in 218 g. + 268 g. Son and co-ruler of the Emperor Valerian.
In 253 g. Gallen was declared a co-regent with his father, and the following year sent him to Valerian the Rhine-Danube frontier. Here he is in a few years more or less successfully repelled attacks of the Germans (Victor: "O Caesar '; 33). However, they say that most of the time he spent in the taverns and inns, surround yourself with pimps, prostitutes, and mimes, and ruined in the endless luxuries good inclinations given to him by nature. Only taken to the extreme, he became impetuous, brave, vibrant, and severe (Pollio: 'Thirty Tyrants', 9).
In 259 g. Gall defeated Alemц║n,-advanced almost to the Mediolana. Meanwhile, news came of the defeat of the Romans under Edessa and the capture of Valerian. Several military commanders in different parts of the empire proclaimed himself emperor, and Gallienus had to fight hard with them: the fight. From Gaul he went down to Illyricum, and defeated the governor of Pannonia in Murcia Ingenuya, which thence legions proclaimed Augustus (Victor: "O Caesar '; 33). They write that by killing him, Halle became awful way to rage against all meziytsev as soldiers and citizens. He did not leave anyone who would not experience at his own cruelty, and was so stern and savage, that in some cities, slew all men. Many meziytsy fled to the legate of Illyricum Regallianu and proclaimed him emperor. But in 260 g. Gallen won and Regalliana (Pollio: 'Thirty Tyrants'; 9-10).
. When all of these cases resolved favorably in excess of expectations, Galle, on the characteristic of people as usual, was too careless of luck and instructed all the state will control the destiny (Victor: "O Caesar '; 33)
. He is caught up in luxury and vices, not engaged in anything except fun and revelry. Reports that he was famous as a speaker and as a poet and distinguished in all the arts, but these qualities made him a good emperor.. According Pollione, he used to organize a bedroom of roses and built the capacity of the fruit, the tables are always covered with gold tablecloths and hair sprinkled gold powder. News about the insurgency, the devastating raids of the barbarians, epidemics and natural disasters, he perceived the light-hearted jokes (Pollio: 'Two Gallieni', 4, II, 16-17).
. Using the weakness of the emperor in the West rushed to seize power Posthumous, who headed the barbarians in Gaul
. In 259 g. he proclaimed himself emperor, and soon conquered all Gaul, and then conquered Britain and Spain (Victor: "O Caesar '; 33). Gall with his generals Avreolom and Claudia began against Posthuma war that was fought with great tenacity. Posthumous got a lot of support units from the Celts and Franks. After numerous battles, had a different outcome, the victory was on the side Posthuma, and he ruled Gaul until his death in a decade.
Among so many disasters caused by war, in 262. there was still a terrible earthquake. The earth shook in Rome and Libya, but still it is a great misfortune to be in Asian cities. In many places, fissures were formed and collapsed many buildings. Some cities have been flooded Seas. After that, the newly increased plague, which devastated the entire Roman world. Only in the capital in a day were dying from the disease to five thousand people. The collapse of the empire, meanwhile, continued. Were lost all the lands beyond the Danube, and in 264 g. Odenat proclaimed himself emperor in the East (Pollio: 'Two Gallieni'; 4-5, 7, 10). Franks hordes, plundering Gaul, captured by Spain, ravaged and nearly wrecking the city Tarrakonu, and receiving a timely ships even reached Africa. Goths in 267-268 years. freely entered into Thrace and occupied Macedonia, Aheyu or near the land of Asia (Victor: "O Caesar '; 33). With great difficulty they were defeated first Venerianom, and then retreated to the Athenians and Illyricum. Gall, worried, finally, public disaster, met here with the barbarians, and many interrupted (Pollio: 'Two Gallieni'; 13). But to continue the war has diverted his betrayal Avreola, who openly sided with the Posthuma. In 268 g. Gall defeated the rebels and drove them Mediolan. Caught in such an extreme, . Avreol decided on the following trick: he made a list of names of commanders and the military tribunes of Gallienus, . if awarded to them in the execution, . and with the greatest caution secretly threw this list from the city, he was randomly selected individuals, . therein referred, . and instilled in them the fear and suspicion regarding the appointment of penalty,
. For this reason, among the generals Gallienus emerged conspiracy.
Late at night, under the pretext of supposedly began attacks of the enemy, the emperor was called out of his tent. As it usually happens in the bustle and anxiety, he was left without any protection and was pierced - whose names remained on account of darkness unknown. When Gallen after heavy blood loss from a deep gash realized that it is close to death, he sent a token of his power Claudius, who held the rank of tribune of the support unit at Titsina (Victor: "O Caesar ', 33).