ALBERT II( German kings and emperors 'Holy Roman Empire')
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Biography ALBERT II
Albert II - German king and emperor 'of the Holy Roman Empire' of the kind of Habsburg, King of Hungary and Bohemia, who ruled in 1438-1439 he.
Wife: from 1421 g. Elizabeth, daughter of Emperor Sigismund (genus. 1409 g. + 1442). Genus. 1397 g.
+ 27 October. 1439 g.
Albert during his lifetime test was recognized as King of Hungary, and declared the governor of Sigismund in the Czech Republic. Furthermore, it is actually received by inheritance from the former German emperor's crown, as the Electors assembled in March 1438, Mr.. the Congress in Frankfurt, unanimously elected the German king Albert. They write that he had not sought the honor, and being elected, hesitated to accept it. Indeed, he well understood the difficulty of his position: Hungary, overcome by the Turks, as well as the Czech Republic, seized by the Hussite movement, and without the burden of the German crown had to give him a lot of trouble. In the end, he gave his consent, but under the condition that will be crowned in Germany no sooner than two years. By the nature of the new king was a man of stern and tough, but who had the glory of a just ruler. These qualities, however, was not sufficient to resolve the many problems facing it. Immediately Albert had great difficulty. Radical Hussites who were incensed with Sigismund, would not recognize his successor. Shortly after the death of the former monarch, they convened a large collection of Tabor and proclaimed king of the Polish Prince Casimir. Crowned in Prague, Albert went against Taborite, defeated them and besieged Tabor. Fortunately for the besieged, who have suffered great hardship, they came to the rescue with his army skilful general George Podebrady. He forced the King to lift the siege and to retreat in Prague. Soon the Polish king made peace with Albert, withdrew its troops from the Czech Republic and no longer support Taborite. This gave Albert an opportunity to address the Hungarian affairs. At this time, Hungary has experienced another devastating invasion of Muslims: Turks broke into Transylvania and taken into slavery, 70 thousand people. Albert declared the military campaign, but first had at the request of the nobles to make important concessions, limiting its power. Thus, it was agreed that the King may appoint the Palatine Hill (actually the rulers of the country) not only with the consent of the Chamber of magnates, and that all important decisions must be approved by the Seimas of the King. But after that the Hungarians fought very bad. At the sight of the Turkish militia fled, many of the leaders left the army without the permission of the King. The campaign ended in ignominious failure. Albert himself soon fell ill with diarrhea and died in a small town not far from Grand.