GELLDORF Wolf Heinrich Graf von (Helldorf)( Prefect of Police Berlin)
Comments for GELLDORF Wolf Heinrich Graf von (Helldorf)
Biography GELLDORF Wolf Heinrich Graf von (Helldorf)
Gelldorf, Wolf Heinrich Graf von (Helldorf), (1896-1944), prefect of the Berlin police (Polizei-president), member of the conspiracy against Hitler. Born October 14, 1896 in Merseburg. Participated in the 1 st World War in 1916 was commander of machine-gun company. He was awarded the Iron Cross I and II degree. After the war Gelldorf joined Rossbaha group, one of the many organizations, Volunteer Corps, and participated in street battles with the Communists in the Rhineland. After participating in the Kapp putsch in 1920, fled to Italy. Returning to Germany in 1924, was elected to the Prussian Landtag. In 1926 Gelldorf joined the Nazi Party, and in 1931 became manager of the CA in Berlin. In 1933, after Hitler came to power, von Gelldorf appointed to high positions in the SA and the SS in Berlin-Brandenburg, was Gruppenfц+hrer SS (Lieutenant General) and Obergruppenfiihrer SS (full general). 11 November 1933 was elected to the Reichstag from the Nazi Party. From March 1933 to July 1935 was a policeman, the president of Potsdam, and in 1935 headed the Berlin police.
From the beginning of the count Gelldorf not agree with many of the methods of the Nazi regime. During the terrible Kristallnacht, Nov. 9, 1938 he was not in Berlin but in return, called a meeting of the officer corps of Police, he indignantly decried the passivity of the police during anti-Jewish pogroms. To the dismay of the crowd, he said that if it was present in the city, it would order all personnel to shoot rioters and looters.
. Graf Gelldorf participated in the July 1944 conspiracy against Hitler, following which he was arrested, tortured and eventually executed on August 15, 1944.
|Nohik for GELLDORF Wolf Heinrich Graf von (Helldorf)
|He was SA-Obergruppenführer mit der Uniform des Generals der Polizei (entitled to wear the uniform of a General der Polizei). Not member of SS.
Entered service as Fahnenjunker, assigned to Thüringische Husaren-Regiment Nr. 12: 2. Aug. 1914 - [24. Oct. 1916?]. Reassigned to infantry: 24. Oct. 1916. Kompaniefuhrer in MG-Kompanie III of the Südarmee: 20. Nov. 1916 -. Returned to Husaren-Regiment 12: 1918. Retired from Reichswehr: Dec. 1919. Served with Freikorps Lützow and Freikorps Roßbach in Upper Bavaria, participating in the Kapp-Putsch of 1920 as leader of the Offiziers-Stoßtrupp of Freikorps Roßbach; following this, lived in exile in Italy, returning to Germany in 1924. SA-Führer in Berlin-Brandenburg: 1931 - 1933. Member of the Prussian Landtag: 1932 -. Member of the Reichstag: 12. Nov. 1933 - Jul. 1944. Polizeipräsident of Potsdam: Mar. 1933 - Jul. 1935. Polizeipräsident of Berlin: Jul. 1935 - Jul. 1944. Verbindungsführer (head of liaison) of the SA to the German Police: Nov. 1938 -. Arrested for his role in the 20. Jul. 1944 conspiracy to assassinate Hitler: 24. Jul. 1944. Tried by Volksgerichtshof of Dr. Roland Freisler and sentenced to death: Aug. 1944.
Decorations & Awards:
Ritterkreuz des Kriegsverdienstkreuzes mit Schwertern: 1944
1914 Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse
1914 Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse
Kriegsverdienstkreuz I. Klasse mit Schwertern
Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse mit Schwertern
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Sächsischen Orden zum Weißen Falken II. Klasse mit Schwertern (WW I)
Dienstauszeichnungen der NSDAP in Silber und Bronze
* Married. One son in Waffen-SS.
* Involved in the conspiracy to topple Hitler. Arrested, 24. Jul. 1944. Brought before the Volksgerichtshof of Dr. Roland Freisler, he stated that he had opposed Hitler since the time of Stalingrad and that the Führer was the ruin of Germany.