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Ernst Kaltenbrunner (Kaltenbrunner)

( Head RSHA)

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Biography Ernst Kaltenbrunner (Kaltenbrunner)
Kaltenbrunner, Ernst (Kaltenbrunner), (1903-1946), head of RSHA (RSHA) (from 1943). Born October 4, 1903 in Ried, Austria, the family lawyer. He studied at the Higher Technical School in Graz. He received a law degree in 1926, worked in the court of Salzburg, then opened his own law office in Linz. In 1932 joined the NSDAP and the SS (from 1935 - the leader of the Austrian SS). Participated in the putsch of 1934, during which was killed by the Nazis, the Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss. Kaltenbrunner, Austrian authorities arrested after a brief stay in prison was released. During the Anschluss in March 1938, Kaltenbrunner was appointed State Secretary for Security in the office of Arthur Seyss-Inquart. Encountering arrived in Austria at the airport Himmler, Kaltenbrunner told him: "The Austrian SS await your further instructions". Since then he has to hold in the apparatus of the SS in Austria managerial positions - first Brigadenfuhrer SS, then - Gruppenfuhrer SS. In July 1941, Kaltenbrunner was appointed commander of the SS and police in Vienna. January 30, 1943 - chief of the Sipo, SD and RSHA.

The French historian Jacques Delaram describes the appearance Kaltenbrunner: "... He was a true colossus. With growth in the one meter and ninety centimeters He had broad shoulders and powerful hands of a relatively thin brushes, capable, however, to crush the stone.
. The massive body of his large head was crowned with a solid, heavy face, as if hewn out of badly hewn stump of the tree.
. High and flat forehead did not testify about an outstanding intellect.
. Small dark-brown eyes glittered in the deep hard-sockets, . half covered with heavy-lidded, wide straight, . as if cut with one blow mouth with thin lips and a huge, . square, . massive, . roughly hewn chin is even more emphasized ponderous and gloomy character of this man.,
. Unpleasant expression on his face intensified deep scars, traces of fashion in the days of his youth duels between the students, who considered the scars of masculinity.
. His face seemed to be non-emotional
. From the powerful chest proceeded deep voice with a strong Austrian accent.
. Soon the voice as it faded because of the abuse of alcohol, as Kaltenbrunner, like many other Nazi Bonzo, was an incorrigible alcoholic, than repel Himmler
. From 10 am Kaltenbrunner began to swallow the champagne and cognac. He smoked almost incessantly, "burning" of 80 - 100 cigarettes a day. His fingers and nails were brown from nicotine. He had ugly yellow teeth to crumble, causing bad diction.

Kaltenbrunner personally supervised developed in the camps means the destruction of prisoners. In autumn 1942, before the appointment to the RSHA, he inspected the camp Mauthausen, where, together with the camp commander Ziraysom watched through a window for the agony of the prisoners in the gas chamber. A year later, in the same Mauthausen for him specially organized the execution of prisoners in three ways: by hanging, gunshot to the head and in the gas chamber.
. At the end of the 2-nd World War, Kaltenbrunner was arrested in Austria and brought before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg and sentenced him to death by hanging
. 16 October 1946 the sentence was carried out.

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Kaltenbrunner (Kaltenbrunner), Ernst (4.10. 1903, Reed near Braunau, Austria-Hungary - 16.10. 1946, Nuremberg), one of the leaders of Germany's punitive apparatus, Obergruppenfiihrer SS and Police General (30.01. 1943). Son of a lawyer. Received law degree from the University of Graz (1926). After graduation he worked in a law office. In 1928 intern Bar Linz. Participated in the activities of the independent movement of free Austria. In 1932 joined the Austrian branch of the NSDAP (Party ticket Ns 300179), in early 1933 - in the semi-Austrian SS. Since 1933 the commander of the 33rd Regiment SS. In January 1934, and arrested a number of other Austrian Nazis in a concentration camp Kayzershteynbruh Added. He organized a general strike in the camp, which ended only 11 days. Soon released. Since 1934, the commander of the 8 th abshtina SS. In 1935 appointed head of all divisions of the SS in Austria. In May 1935 arrest on charges of treason in November 1935 sentenced to 6 months imprisonment. He took an active part in preparing the Anschluss of Austria. From 11.03. 1938 State Secretary for Security in Government A. Seyss-Inquart. 10.03. 1938 appointed the supreme leader of the SS and police of the Danube.

During the events preceding the Anschluss of Austria, ordered the SS units to seize the Austrian government. After the Anschluss in 1938-41 was simultaneously Secretary of State for Security in the Austrian regions. In 1938 was elected to the Reichstag. In 1939 the supreme head of the SS and police in Upper and Lower Austria. When, after the assassination of Mr.. Heidrich G. Himmler 28.05. 1942 assumed the duties of Chief of the Reich Security (RSHA), Kaltenbrunner actually became Permanent Secretary of the SS Reichsfuhrer this post. 30.01. 1943 formally appointed chief of the RSHA. Afraid of competition Himmler Kaltenbrunner instructed the leadership first of all intelligence activities of the RSHA, while retaining direct control of the Gestapo and criminal police. At the same time Kaltenbrunner led the eynzatsgrupp LEDs on the territory of Russia until its liquidation in 1943. Kaltenbrunner tried unsuccessfully to gain control of the Gestapo G. Mueller. In 1944-45 subordinate Kaltenbrunner - In. Schellenberg, on the orders of Himmler and through his head Kaltenbrunner, negotiated with representatives of the allies in Switzerland. At the end of the war Kaltenbrunner disappeared in the fortified mountain area of Tyrol, called the "Alpine Fortress". In May 1945 the Allies arrested. As the chief war criminals be brought before the court of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Sentenced to death. Hanged.

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  • Roger Bogaert for Ernst Kaltenbrunner (Kaltenbrunner)
  • 1/ There is more than one Ried in Austria. Ernst Kaltenbrunner was born in Ried im Innkreis, Oberцsterreich 2/ Ernst K. became a member of the NSDAP in November 1930 and a member of SS in August 1931 3/ "Reed near Braunau" doesn't exist in Austria. Correct would be : Ried im Innviertel, about 40 kms east from Braunau am Inn 4/ "Kayzershteynbruh" : didn't en doesn't exist in Austria. Correct woud be : Kaisersteinbruch 5/"At the end of the war Kaltenbrunner disappeared in the fortified mountain area of Tyrol, called the "Alpine Fortress". : not at all in Tyrol, but in the region of Altaussee, region Salzkammergut and the Land Steiermark. And... even as they called it "Alpine Fortress" nothing was fortified ! Kind regards fromd the Flanders, Belgium
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