Erich von Manstein (Manstein)( Field-Marshal Germanic army, one of the instigators and agents of the Blitzkrieg against France in 1940)
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Biography Erich von Manstein (Manstein)
Manstein, Erich von (Manstein), (present. name and Pham. - Friedrich von Lewinski) (1887-1973), General-Field Marshal Germany Army (1942), one of the instigators and agents of the Blitzkrieg against France in 1940. Born November 24, 1887 in Berlin in the family of General. After the death of his parents, he fathered a rich landowner Georg von Manstein. In the Army since 1906, graduated from the Military Academy (1914). Participant 1-st World War, after which he served in the Reichswehr. In 1935-38 the Chief of Operations and the 1 st oberkvartirmeyster of Staff Army. In 1939 - February 1940 Chief of Staff of Army Group South, and then the Army Group "A". During the attack on France (1940) commanded 38 Corps. In 1941, the commander of 56 Panzer Corps, participated in the attack on Leningrad. From September 1941 to July 1942 commanded the 11 th Army in the capture of the Crimea and during the battle for Sevastopol, and from August 1942 has been managing the fighting near Leningrad. From November 1942 until February 1943 the commander of Army Group Don, led the unsuccessful operation deblokade encircled at Stalingrad groups. In February 1943 - March 1944 in command of Army Group South. Was dismissed for failure and enrolled in the reserve. In 1950 as a war criminal sentenced by the British military tribunal to 18 years in prison, but released in 1953. Author memoir "Lost Victory" (1955) and "From a soldier's life. 1887 - 1939 "(1958), in which the blame for the defeat of Germany holds the" amateur "Hitler.