Gottfried Feder (Feder)( One of the first ideologists of National Socialism)
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Biography Gottfried Feder (Feder)
Feder, Gottfried (Feder), (1883-1941), one of the first ideologists of National Socialism. Belonged to the "old men", the first economic adviser to Hitler, eventually lost its influence in Nazi circles. Born January 27, 1883 in Wц+rzburg. In 1905, having received an engineering degree, he settled in Munich, where he focused on the construction of aircraft hangars. Later turned to political economy. By the end of 1-st World War II came to the conclusion that the collapse of the economy should be attributed to the financial and industrial magnates of Germany. Although he advocated the preservation of the capitalist system, especially its generating sector - factories, mines and machine-building enterprises, yet this path of development seemed to him imperfect, since not brought the total profit. The idea of the advantages of forced labor "has become a key element of its theoretical development. Feder formed an organization called "Deutscher Kampfbund zur Brehung der Tsinsknehtshaft (Deutsch alliance for the destruction of the advantages of bonded labor). He unsuccessfully tried to interest his ideas of Kurt Eisner, leader of the Bavarian communist revolution of 1918.
In early 1919, Feder was a member of the German Workers' Party, founded by Anton Drexler. Among the first members were Captain Ernst Rohm, Dietrich Eckart, Franz von Epp, and later Hitler. In May 1919, when they heard an address by Federation at a meeting this tiny party, Hitler found in it a reflection of their own aspirations. He told of the effect produced by this speech in "Mein Kampf": "For the first time in my life I saw the essence of international capitalism. When I heard the first lecture Federation, in my mind flashed the thought that I had found the necessary prerequisites for the establishment of a new party ... Economic development in Germany, revealed to me that the hardest battles of the future will not struggle against hostile nations, and the struggle against international capital. I felt a powerful prophecy of the coming battle in the words of Federation ". For Hitler's theory of Feder, . defining the boundaries between capital stock markets and national economies, . provided the opportunity to get involved in the fight against the internationalization of Germany's economy without the threat of loss of independence of the national economy in the case against capital,
. The most favorable in terms of Hitler, was the fact that it opened the possibility of international capitalism characterized as fully controlled by the Jews. Soon after Hitler became a member of the German Workers' Party, and Feder was his friend and teacher.
Feder with Drexler, Eckart and Hitler was the author of "25 points" program of the NSDAP. He managed to achieve the program of his concept of forced labor. Since then Feder devoted himself to the National Socialist Movement, which he regarded as a sharp contrast to modern capitalism and its "Marxist satellites.
. "Fighting for our lives - in the service of this powerful idea of [National Socialism], the struggle for the new Germany
. There will be a decent fight, if we do not have a character, the battle flag! Our banners are flying in front of the roaring of our series. Eternally young, radiant and shining symbol - the swastika, the symbol of re-awakening of life before our eyes. Our formidable banners, our eagles, bear this symbol:
. "We - the army of the swastika, raging wave banners, we give Germanic working on a new path of freedom!"
. Feder was the editor of the National Socialist libraries, which were collected writings, criticized the Dawes Plan, Freemasonry, capitalist stores, evil Jewish press and t
. d. He edited the journal Der Shtrayter "(" Champion ") in Forshheyme," Di Flamme "(" Flame ") in Nuremberg and Hessenhammer" ( "The Hammer Hess") in Darmstadt. During this period, Feder was considered the most intelligent ideologist of National Socialism.
. In 1923, when Hitler was released from Landsberg prison, where he remained after the Munich "Beer Hall Putsch" in 1923, he found a party torn apart by two ideological factions
. One was a populist, racist, antiindustrialnoy faction grouped around Feder. The second was the city of socialist, a revolutionary faction, united around the brothers, Gregor and Otto Strasser. Feder fiercely defended his point of view in the Reichstag, where he was elected in 1924, and at party meetings. October 14, 1930 Feder introduced in the Reichstag a bill designed to freeze the 4% rate, but also to expropriate the property of the banking and stock exchange executives who were Jewish. For a long time the Reichstag did not pay serious attention to such ideas, but now the Nazi party already had 107 representatives, or nearly one-third of the parliament. Feder said that the party intends to establish an area of small farms in the east, "farm to farm," and that he intends to eliminate unproductive large estates.
. By this time Hitler, who was walking purposefully to political power began to be convinced that the populist views of Federation were not only old fashioned, but that they could damage his own reputation on the way to the supreme authority
. Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, Hitler warned that the planned economic model Feder could undermine the economy of Germany. The Fuhrer was a choice - either stay with the "antiquated ideas' Federation, or take the support of such Rhineland industrialists, as Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach and Fritz Thyssen and Siemens. Hitler chose the industrialists.
In July 1933, after the Nazis came to power, Feder was "rewarded" the secondary position of Assistant Minister in the Ministry of Economy. In this position he was subordinate to the representative of mine, Dr. Curt Schmidt, director of Germany's largest insurance company. Feder tried to organize a "rurbanskoe" (from the English. rural plus urban) settlement, joining farmers around the big cities, prompting protests Reyhsnershtand - a national organization of farmers. Furthermore, Hitler, who by this time began to implement a program of rearmament of Germany and in dire need of the location and support of the Rhineland industrialists, began to be seriously concerned activities Feder. In December 1934 the Fuehrer dismissed him from the Ministry of Economy. In contrast to the "old Bolsheviks" from which escape the Stalin, Feder was allowed to take personal life. He tried to persuade Hitler, claiming that his ideas and theories have won millions of supporters for the party, which now must go away. Feder considered the Third Reich as a betrayal of the revolution, but to do something he could not. Fuhrer left his friend. Feder died in Murnau September 24, 1941.