Schemer Ferdinand (Schoerner)( Field-Marshal Germanic army)
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Biography Schemer Ferdinand (Schoerner)
Schemer, Ferdinand (Schoerner), (1892-1973), Field-Marshal Germanic army. Born June 12, 1892 in Munich. Participant 1-st World War, was awarded a medal for valor ". He took part in suppressing the "Beer Hall Putsch" in 1923, although sympathetic to the Nazi movement and was a member of several nationalist organizations. Later became an ardent admirer of Hitler and one of the most loyal senior officers. In 1942-43 Schemer commanded 19-m mountain infantry corps in Lapland, then, until February 1, 1944, 40 Panzer Corps, fought in the Ukraine. April 7, 1944 he was appointed commander of Army Group South, July 25, 1944 - Chief of Army Group North. January 16, 1945 Schorner became commander of the central grouping of troops. In recent days, 2-nd World War, Hitler awarded the title of general Schorner - Field Marshal and appointed him to command almost defeated faction troops, concealing Berlin. After the last of his troops surrendered Schemer flew to the American zone of occupation in Austria, where he was extradited to the Soviet command. He was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, released in April 1955, was the first among the Germanic field marshals, who were allowed to return to the West. Germany. In 1957 a Munich court again sentenced Schorner to 4 and a half years in prison as the culprit in the deaths of thousands of German soldiers. Schemer died July 6, 1973 in Munich.