RICHARD STRAUSS (Strauss)( Composer, Conductor)
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Biography RICHARD STRAUSS (Strauss)
Strauss (Strauss) Richard (11.6.1864, Munich - 8/9/1949, Garmisch-Partenkirchen), composer, conductor. Seung-musician. From 1882 he attended seminars on philosophy, art history and aesthetics at the University of Munich, wrote his first works. Since 1885 the conductor at the ducal court in Meyningene. In 1886 the 3rd conductor Munich court opera. From 1889, the court Kapellmeister in Weimar, after Strauss wrote the symphonic poem 'Don Juan', he became the most famous young composer, Germany. In 1894, during a trip to Egypt, wrote the opera 'Guntram', and returned to Munich, took over as the 1 st court Kapellmeister. 1895-1898 toured around the world (in 1896 in Russia), spoke at the Bayreuth Festival. Since 1898 the conductor of the Berlin Court Opera. Since 1900 wrote 6 operas (most in collaboration with the Austrian playwright G. von Hofmanshtalem).
In 1901 - 09 Chairman Vsegermanskogo musical Union. Since 1908 General muzyky director in Berlin, the head of the court chapel concerts. In 1917-20 the head of the class composing skills of the Berlin Academy of Arts. In 1919-24, together with F. Shank was the director of the Vienna State Opera. In 1924 moved to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, but acted as a composer and conductor in Vienna. After the NSDAP came to power, Strauss, as one of the most famous composers of Germany, was appointed president of the Imperial Chamber Music. In 1934, resigned in protest against the anti-Semitic policies of the Nazis. In 1934-45 gave concerts. In 1945, after the war, went to Switzerland. 8/6/1948 successfully denazification.