FRANCISCO II( The King of France)
Comments for FRANCISCO II
Biography FRANCISCO II
Francis II (1544-1560) - King of France from the kind of Valois, who ruled in 1559-1560 he. Son of Henry II and Catherine de 'Medici.
Wife: on May 24, 1558, Mr.. Mary Stuart, daughter of the King of Scotland James V (born. 1542 g. + 1587).
Genus. January 19. 1544 g. + 5 December. 1560
Francis was a painful and mentally unstable teenager incomplete sixteen years old when an accident at the tournament with Henry II in July 1559, Mr.. elevated him to the throne of France. Under French law he was considered an adult. But there is no doubt that the rule without help he can not and does not want. In fact, Francis did not engage in public affairs, to delegate their brothers Gizam: Duke Francis and his brother Charles, delicate and sharp-tongued Cardinal of Lorraine. If the previous reign of Giza were constantly give primacy constable Montmorency, but now thanks to their niece Queen Mary Stuart, they gained the undivided power of. The King in anything is not penetrated, and all of his time was spent in the games, traveling to the country palace, hunting trips, and most importantly - a pleasure, a swarm which he found in the arms of his wife, he loves to distraction.
. Giza were zealous Catholics
. Therefore, they particularly strong influence was seen in the sphere of religious policy. They led Francis to continue his father's unwavering line of Henry, who, in his edict of 1559, Mr.. ordered to punish all those responsible for the death of heresy. Now been added and other measures: the house, which served as meeting place for Protestants, should have been destroyed, and for participation in clandestine gatherings imposed the death penalty. The persecution of the Huguenots brought with them side response. At the head of the Protestant party were then two princes of the House of Bourbon: Antoine, King of Navarre, and his brother, Louis de Conde. Important role to play as the nephew of Montmorency, Admiral Coligny Connetable. With their direct participation in Nantes formed the so-called conspiracy of Amboise, organized by the provincial nobleman La Renaudot. The plotters intended to seize the king with all his court in the castle of Blois, to force him to abandon religious persecution and remove themselves from Guise. The company is, however, been solved much earlier than its implementation. Yard hastily took refuge in Amboise. When La Renodo all still tried to carry out his plan, then suffered a complete failure: his men were killed, and he fell in battle. Many Protestants suspected of treason, was captured and executed almost without trial. In December 1560, Mr.. arrested Antoine of Navarre and the Prince of Conde, who arrived in Orleans at the meeting of the States General. Both were sentenced to death and only through the intervention of cautious Catherine de 'Medici escaped immediate punishment. In the midst of these developments, the King was suddenly reduced to the grave fast and deadly disease: in the left ear, he formed a fistula, gangrene, and aching less than two weeks, Francis died. Since the children after he left, the throne passed to his brother Charles a decade.