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Norman Foster

( Architect)

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Biography Norman Foster
photo Norman Foster
Norman Foster was born in 1935 in a working class family in a suburb of Manchester. Served in the Army aviator. In 1967 he founded his own company of three people.

Early dwellings Foster, starting with terraces descending to the coastal slopes of Cornwall, to its London "Mews House" (1965), actively exploit the traditional motifs. His name became famous through supertehnologicheskoy architecture - after the construction of industrial buildings "Rilayens Control" (1966) and Newport contest for a new type of school it has become for Foster's "brand" top-wired all the complex equipment systems of the building (1967),
. Considers himself a master building a factory to produce computers "Rilayens Control" is particularly important - as if a turning point in his work. Where possible, the elements performed a double or even triple function - for example, metal coating profiles were also light reflectors for recessed fluorescent tubes, as well as structural elements as rigid diaphragms ". Building "Rilayens Control" was the last of the "Group 4", in which Foster has worked with Rogers.

The first of the "Group 2", in which Foster collaborated with his wife in. Foster, began operations center and passenger station in the London docks. Particularly notable "Fred Olsen CENTER" (1967) with its first employed unsegmented reflective glass surfaces in ultrathin aluminum trim, . which, . as in some sort of looking glass, . tipped the world around port, . docks with their cocks, . intricate outlines of vessels, . rigging.,

. Jenks rightly emphasizes the fact of playing this effect through the mirror in the well-known picture giperrealisticheskoy Vienna Johnson's "Reflection docks"
. Surreal visual effect of minimalist architecture is revealed most fully. "Fred Olsen CENTER" as it gave impetus to a series of similar "glass boxes" (mainly related to the needs of a large group of computers IBM), where the metal mounting steadily minimized windows. Finale of this process and the culmination of the whole "glass series has become known building firm Willis Faber and Dyuma in Ipswich (1974).

. However, to fully understand the meaning of this phenomenal object can only be given Foster's connection to Fuller, the powerful influence of the latter, their artistic collaboration that began in the late sixties and ending with the death of Fuller in 1983
. Fuller's ideas on light surfaces (geodesic domes) over large parts of the urban area had a decisive influence on their joint project of the underground-Samuel Beckett-theater at the Oxford College of Saint Peter (1971), . form of multi-space which Foster links with submarine,
. The result of their cooperation was a joint project for the International Energy Expo (1978). In an equally bright and a large-scale long-standing idea of multiple above-ground space with its own microclimate, isolated in an urban environment of a closed shell, has been implemented in again, the joint project "Climate-rofis" (1971).

. Project Foster - Saynsberi-Center for the in Norwich (1977) - a completely new type of monumentalism
. The building was officially stated repeatedly awards at various levels, including awards of the Royal Institute of British Architects (1978) and the American Institute of Architects (1979). Here is synthesized, in fact, all the most characteristic aspects of creativity Foster. Closest prototype Saynsberi-Center for the building served as the "Modern Art Glass in Temzmide, Kent (1973). Heavy duty, . openly demonstrated by the spatial structure in the form of a huge sprawled letter "P" combines Saynsberi-Center for the under one roof many of the functions, . including, . naturally, . dominated by a unique exhibition of artistic collections of primitive and modern art.,

. Although some aspects Saynsberi-Center for the - the building of "low" technology, it is rightly called a "temple of high-tech"
. But it is a hi-tech of a special kind of higher level. There is practically nothing from the cold admiration supertehnikoy. Aluminum, steel, glass, neoprene - the latest materials, as if warmed by a kind of special, almost handmade to them, resurrecting seemingly gone forever tradition handicraft surface treatment, molding parts. A huge "living machine" conquers its own special beauty humanized technology.

Even the principal opponents of the technology fall under the spell of the imagery of this wonderful building. Architectural merits Saynsberi-Center for the undeniable - this new spirit of architecture formally perfect and gives rise to diverse figurative associations.

. Building Reno-Center for the near Swindon (1983) - one of the "shock" sites in the first half of the decade - by the standards of restrained Foster, a highly expressive
. This was followed by the construction of the Shanghai Bank in Hong Kong (1981-1985).

In 1991, the project is based Foster airport Stendsted "in Essex, an award-winning Royal Institute of Architects. Such honor awarded to the building and the annexe of the Royal Academy of Arts in London (1992), blending in with the ancient architecture. One of Foster's latest work - the project of reconstruction of the Reichstag.

. As the competition when the Germans decided that the world will not blame them in the revival of fascism, if the reconstructed Reichstag will be the least imperial.

. Forster responded to this idea of maintaining the museum, which quietly inserted courtroom
. In the Reichstag saved and restored all the layers of history, except for the period of fascism. Last replaced, as stated in the explanatory memorandum Foster, "graffiti Russian-1945". Same meeting room, according to Foster, was supposed to be as invisible, for what - to have a flat glass ceiling, because the dome - the imperial detail.

. For the project of reconstruction of the Reichstag, Germany architect awarded the Order of Merit - the highest award in the field of culture
. By the way, he is twice a Knight of the Order of Merit - in 1997 it awarded the title of this British Crown. The Queen in 1990, dedicated it to the Knights. Pritzker Prize jury - an analog of the Nobel Prize in architecture - announced that Foster has become the winner of awards in 1999. In the world today there is no more honorable architect. Firm thrives Forster. Today, it employs five hundred permanent Architects. And a hundred hired for each new object.

. Foster continues to appreciate for virtuoso artistic treatment, . diversity of the potential of technology, . for her constant desire to humanize, . give a human dimension of the scale, . converting it from a frightening power vested in the source of joy and beauty,
. That is the core of his creative vision, her deep integrity, uniting such seemingly different in purpose and shaped the characteristics of the objects wizard. It's definitely caught B. Fuller. His speech at the solemn act of handing Foster's Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1983, he completed the words "I bow low to you, Norman, for your utmost integrity."

. Sam Foster v. unambiguous equating his art with the aesthetics of high-tech
. "It all depends on what you mean by the term. If high-tech you understand how illegible pursuit of advanced and sophisticated technology for its own sake, then I will categorically deny that we are architects of high-tech. "

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