HOP Nikolai Pavlovich( Soviet actor and People's Artist of USSR)
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Biography HOP Nikolai Pavlovich
Nikolai Pavlovich Khmelev [28.7 (10.8) .1901, Sormovo - 1/11/1945, Moscow], Russian Soviet actor and People's Artist of the USSR (1937). Member of the CPSU since 1941. Since 1919, played in the 2 nd studio Moscow Art Theater, from 1924 - the troupe Theater,. Student to. S. Stanislavsky and B. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko. In the images he created realistic detail to elaborate the characteristics combined with the generalized romantic sounding like a found class-social assessment, a profound philosophical content, plastic and verbal expressiveness. One of the first (in 1927) created the image of a Communist Peklevanova in "Armored 14-69" Vsevolod Ivanov. In revealing the power play Nikolai Attorney Skrobotova ( "Enemies" Gorky), Karenina (Anna Karenina "by L. Tolstoy), Storozheva ( "Earth" Virta). At the same time with a soft delicacy, charm, emotional subtlety of the role played Tuzenbach ( "Three Sisters, Chekhov), Tsar Feodor (" King of Fyodor Ivanovich "A. K. Tolstoy). The actor was close and sharp satire, and a soft, lyrical humor, especially brightly revealed in the role of silane ( "hot heart" Ostrovsky). In the grotesque and psychological way played the role of Prince K. in "Uncle's Dream" by Dostoevsky. Psychologically, truthfully, accurately was resolved X. image of a white officer Alexei Turbin in Bulgakov's play "Days Turbins". H. The latter work, in which he has reached tragic heights - Ivan the Terrible ( "Difficult years" A. N. Tolstoy). The representative of the second generation of the Moscow Art Theater, X. was the most perfect exponent of socialist realism, belonged to the galaxy of masters who brought the Soviet theater world fame.
Conducted a director and teaching activities. Participated in the preparation of a number of performances MAT. One of the founders (in 1932) theater-studio, in 1937, she joined the Moscow Theater. Yermolova, which he headed in 1937-45. Put in this theater plays: "There was not a penny, and then suddenly altц?n Ostrovsky (1934, together with E. S. Teleshova), "As You Like It" by Shakespeare (1940) and "Children of the Sun" Gorky (1944) - both with M. O. Knebel. Acted in films ( "The generation of winners", 1936, "Man in a Case", 1939, etc.). USSR State Prize (1941, 1942, 1946). He was awarded the Order of Labor Red Banner and medals.