Mateo Alemö¦n( Spanish novelist)
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Biography Mateo Alemö¦n
ALEMAN, MATE (Alemn, Mateo) (1547 - ca. 1614), Spanish novelist. Born in Seville, the son of a prison doctor. He studied medicine at Seville and at the universities of Salamanca and Alcalö¦, but never practiced. In 1571, after the death of his father, received the position of state auditor in Seville, then in Madrid. In 1580 he was imprisoned for debt, and later allegedly traveled to Italy. Lessons of experience reflected in the famous picaresque novel, Life of Guzman de Alfarache, an observer of human life (La vida de Guzmn de Alfarache, atalaya de la vida humana), the first of which came out in 1599. Instant success prompted the Valencian works of Juan's lawyer Marty creating apocryphal second part (1602, under the pseudonym Mateo Lujö¦n). True second part of the novel Alemö¦n published two years later in Lisbon. After the second prison sentence 60-year-old Alemö¦n sailed to Mexico, where after 1613 died in poverty and obscurity.
Guzman de Alfarache probably the first example of narrative picaresque novel, it is written from first person and is a life story of the hero-rogue. Servant, soldier, beggar, gambler, thief, merchant, and finally galley slave, Guzman understands that any fleeting pleasure, any appearance is deceptive, and neither success nor failure in this world do not mean anything. He constantly runs away from the consequences of their actions, and all his attempts to achieve any continuity in life, a meaningful impact on the external circumstances fail miserably. The gallery, completely disillusioned with the values of earthly existence, Guzman was adopted to reflect on his actions and soon degenerates, becomes a different person.
Mateo Alemö¦n is not alien to the moralizing and words of the ascetic lifestyle. The novel is imbued with a pessimistic mood of the Counter-Reformation. Further ideas Mateo Alemö¦n used by other authors, so that it Alemö¦n - by genre picaresque novel in the Spanish and world literature.