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( Scientist, engineer and inventor)

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Mikhail Bonch-Bruevich
. Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bonch-Bruevich, a talented engineer and inventor, and an outstanding scientist, is the first radiofikatorom Soviet Union.
. He was born February 22, 1888
. Orel. As a young man was carried away in radio and in amateur conditions, built in 1906. transceiver scheme A. S. Popova. He graduated from the Military Engineering School in St. Petersburg and the supreme military and electrical engineering school. In 1914, Mr.. joined the Assistant Chief of Tver receiving station. Here he organized a small laboratory, which produced the first domestic vacuum tubes and the first vacuum tube receivers.

After the Great October Socialist Revolution works Bonch-Bruevich interested in. I. Lenin, who instructed Narkompochtelyu organize the first Soviet laboratory.

The laboratory is in direct assistance in. I. Lenin was held in Nizhny Novgorod, 2 December 1918, Mr.. The scientific leader of the laboratory was appointed M. A. Bonch-Bruevich.

During the intervention and blockade, when the country was isolated from the outside world, Nizhny Novgorod Radio Laboratory (NRL) has become a genuine forge radioizobreteny. It turned into the full extent of the talent of Mikhail Aleksandrovich. The laboratory has received worldwide fame and twice (in 1922 and 1928.) Was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor.

Already in 1918. M. A. Bonch-started in the laboratory production of the first Soviet adoptive vacuum tubes, was developed generator and modulator valve, and in 1920,. made the first lamp power 2 kW and finalized the first wireless transmitter.

In this regard, Vladimir Ilyich wrote on Feb. 5, 1920, Mr.. M. A. Bonch-Bruevich:

"I take this opportunity to express my deep gratitude and sympathy for the great work radioizobreteny you do. Newspaper without paper and without distance "that you create will be a great thing. Fully and I promise you all possible assistance to this and similar works. With best wishes. Ulyanov (Lenin).

In the same year, Labor and Defense Council requested the NRL to construct a central station with a radius of two thousand miles.

Working on the implementation of this task, M. A. Bonch-improving design of generator tubes, is developing a lamp power of 25 kW and builds dvenadtsatikilovattny radiotelephone transmitter.

. Those achieving it ahead of world radio equipment, not available at that time no such lamps, radios or similar facilities
. Power tube with water cooling - the invention Bonch-Bruevich - were then copied abroad.

The first concert on the radio was given in 1922. from Nizhny Novgorod.

Since 1923, Mr.. Nizhegorodskaya laboratory under the direction of M. A. Bonch-Bruevich developed a number of powerful new lamp (up to 100 kW), built a 40 kW radio stations in Moscow and 27 odnokilovattnyh radio stations installed in various cities of the Soviet Union.

. It should be noted an important role Bonch-Bruevich in techniques of short waves, where he also was a pioneer and proponent of them for commercial radio, the first to introduce the work of "day" and "night" wave, in conjunction with
. V. Tatarinov constructed a directional antenna, developed their theory.

In 1929, Mr.. NRL was moved to Leningrad and merged with the Central Radio Laboratory Trust plants a weak current. In the future, at its base, a number of individual research institutes and laboratories. In Leningrad M. A. Bonch-Bruevich continued scientific activities. He was elected Professor of the Department of Radio Engineering of the Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute of Communications, worked on radio in the Far North, conducted research in the area of the ionosphere.

M. A. Bonch-wrote and published over 80 scientific papers and books. They patented and transferred to industry about 60 inventions.

Under the leadership of Bonch-Bruevich in 1932. the first time in the Soviet Union was delivered by a study of the ionosphere of radio.

In the last years of his life Mikhail involved the practical application of ultra-short waves.

Mikhail Bonch-died March 7, 1940, Mr.. in Leningrad.

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