Kolbe Adolph Wilhelm Hermann( German chemist)
Comments for Kolbe Adolph Wilhelm Hermann
Biography Kolbe Adolph Wilhelm Hermann
Kolbe, Adolph Wilhelm HERMAN (Kolbe, Adolph Wilhelm Hermann) (1818-1884), German chemist. Born September 27, 1818 in Ellihauzene near Goettingen. He studied chemistry at the F. Wohler University of GцTttingen (1838-1842), was assistant to R. Bunsen in Marburg University (1842-1845). In 1854-1847 he worked in the School of Mines in London, in 1847-1851 was the editor of the Dictionary of Pure and Applied Chemistry (HandwцTrterbuch der reinen und angewandten Chemie) Liebig - Wohler. Between 1851 and 1865 - Bunsen's successor at the department of chemistry at Marburg from 1865 until the end of life - a professor at Leipzig University.
Works Kolbe, who was both theorists and experimentalists are in the area of organic chemistry. Assuming that the organic compounds can be derived from inorganic by substituting it in 1843-1845 synthesized acetic acid, and in 1847 together with E. Frankland received a number of carboxylic acids. In 1849, Kolbe suggested that the electrochemical method of saturated hydrocarbons by electrolysis of solutions of alkali metal salts of carboxylic acids (Kolbe reaction). In 1860, synthesized salicylic, in 1861 - muravinovuyu acid effect on carbon dioxide fenolyaty alkali metals. Predicted the existence of secondary and tertiary alcohols and contributed to the elucidation of their nature and the nature of aldehydes, ketones, sulfonic acids.
In 1869-1884 headed the 'Journal of practical chemistry' ( 'Zeitschrift fц+r Praktische Chemie').
Kolbe died in Leipzig on Nov. 25, 1884.