George Balanchine( Russian-American choreographer)
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Biography George Balanchine
Balanchine, George (Balanchine, George) (1904-1983), Russian-American choreographer, and innovator. Balanchine is considered an outstanding choreographer of 20 in., He returned to pure dance ballet scene, ousted in the background plot ballets. In its innovative productions of Balanchine used, in particular, contemporary music of different styles.
. George Melitonovich Balanchivadze, son of famous Georgian composer (and brother no less famous composer Andrew Balanchivadze), was born in St. Petersburg 9 (22) January 1904
. In 1914 he entered the Petrograd Theater School, he graduated in 1921 and was accepted into the troupe of the Petrograd State Opera and Ballet (formerly the Mariinsky). Being in the early 1920's one of the organizers of the collective 'Young Ballet', he put there their numbers, which are performed with the TL Zheverzheyev (later known as Tamara chewed), Danilov, and LA Ivanova , N. Efimov and others. In 1924, with the assistance of the singer VP Dmitriev group of dancers received permission to leave on a European tour. Then they invited the SP Diaghilev, and Balanchine was next, after BF Nijinska, choreographer of the troupe 'Sergei Diaghilev's Russian Ballet'. It carried ten productions, including ballet "Apollo" (music by Stravinsky, 1928). Since that time, began long-term cooperation Balanchine and Stravinsky. It Diaghilev thought to Balanchivadze westernized version of his name - Balanchine.
After the death of Diaghilev (1929) company 'Russian Ballet' split. In 1933 Lincoln Kerstayn invited Balanchine to create the School of American Ballet and troupes 'The American Ballet'. From 1935 to 1938, 'The American Ballet' worked in New York 'Metropolitan Opera'. In 1936, Balanchine staged the ballet "Murder on Tenth Avenue" (Slaughter on Tenth Avenue) in the Rogers and Hart musical "On the tips of the toes" (On Your Toes), that was the beginning of the trend to a serious dance on Broadway. In 1940, Balanchine became an American citizen. In 1941, for Latin American tour, the American company 'American Ballet Caravan', he created two of his most famous performances - "Ballet Imperial" (Ballet Imperial, . to music by Tchaikovsky) and "Baroque Concerto" (Concerto Barocco, . the music of JS Bach),
. In 1944 and 1946, Balanchine collaborated with the 'Russian Ballet of Monte Carlo'. Two works by Balanchine made for the 'Vallee tietr' - "School Waltz" (Waltz Academy, the music of V. Rieti, 1944) and "Theme and Variations" (to music by Tchaikovsky, 1947).
In 1946, Balanchine and Kerstayn founded the troupe 'Vallee sosaeti', which in 1948 became known as 'New York City Ballet'. The repertoire of the troupe dominated his productions, . among them: "Orpheus" (music by Stravinsky, . 1948), . "Prodigal Son" (music by Prokofiev, . 1959), . "Waltz" (music by Maurice Ravel), . "Scottish Symphony" (to music by Mendelssohn) and "Metamorphosis" (to music by Hindemith, . 1952), . "The Nutcracker" and "Swan Lake" (music by Tchaikovsky, . 1954), . "Square Dance" (to music by A. Vivaldi, A. Corelli) and "Agon" (music by Stravinsky, . 1957), . "Gounod Symphony" and "Seven Deadly Sins" (music by K. Weill, . 1958), . "Modern Jazz" (to music by Schuller), and "Electronics" (music by R. Gassman and A. Saleh, . 1961), . "Don Quixote" (music by N. Nabokov, . 1965); eight ballets for the troupe organized by Stravinsky Festival in 1972; "Viennese Waltz" (the music I.Shtrausa-son, . F. Lehar and Strauss, . 1977),
. Balanchine died in New York on April 30, 1983