Gongora-AND-Argote Luis de( Spanish poet)
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Biography Gongora-AND-Argote Luis de
Gongora-AND-Argote, Luis de (GцЁngora y Argote, Luis de) (1561-1627), Spanish poet. Born July 11, 1561 in Cordoba. He studied at the University of Salamanca, ca. 1585 he returned to Cordoba and took holy orders. Youthful vitality, an ironic turn of mind was reflected in unpretentious satirical poems of the early period of his work. In 1617 GцЁngora went to Madrid, where in the same year was ordained to the priesthood, and later put chaplain of Philip III. Madrid Gongora involved in a fierce debate around the image he has created a complicated poetic style 'kulteranizm' (in other words - 'Gongorism'). Among others, he attacked Lope de Vega and Quevedo. Gongora answered satirical sonnets.
The first edition of the poetic works of GцЁngora was done in the year of his death, though long before they are widely attended in the manuscripts. Over sarcasm calibrated style distinguishable, if not two periods, . at least two fundamental characteristics of his poetry: one reflects the attraction to the popular and festive top, . other - the desire means 'pure poetry' to achieve maximum beauty verbal structure, . recognized as a major monuments 'kulteranizma' poems of Gongora "The Legend of Polyphemus and Galatea" (La Fц?bula de Polifemo y Galatea, . app,
. 1613) and "Solitude" (Soledades, OK. 1613).
The poet does not care about any substantive aspect of the poem, nor the reader's interest. He does not tend to report events or to share experiences: the subject and listener, in themselves necessary, go into the shadows in front of a desire to create a perfect form, relying only on words and their creative power. Effect Gongora hesitated in 18., Experienced a revival in the 20. and played a decisive role in the formation of modern poetry in Spanish.
Died in Gongora Cordoba May 23, 1627.