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Ivnev Rurik

( Russian poet, prose writer.)

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Biography Ivnev Rurik
Ivnev, Rurik (cf.. name, middle name and surname - Michael A. Kovalev) (1891-1981), Russian poet, novelist. Born on 11 (23) February 1891 in Tiflis in the family of Assistant Military Prosecutor of the Caucasus Military District Court, the mother - a family of hereditary war of Dutch origin, after the death of her husband - a girls' school headmistress. He graduated from the Tiflis Cadet Corps (1900-1908). Under the influence of mother's sister, . a revolutionary-suicide TP Prince, . published in the Bolshevik newspaper 'The Star' poem, "Rejoice! Zvenit glass of wine!" (1912), . for which he was expelled from St. Petersburg, . where in 1908-1912 he studied at the Faculty of the University (in 1914 graduated the Law Faculty of Moscow State University),
. In 1915-1917 - served in the office of state control in Petrograd

. He began to publish poems in the college years, . then in futuristic editions of Moscow and Petrograd, . as well as in 'Almanac Muses', . magazine Ogonek, . 'New magazine for all', etc., . Having become acquainted with the literary and artistic intelligentsia of the northern capital (in t.ch,
. M. Kuzmin, GV Ivanov, GV Adamovich, family Brik, Vladimir Mayakovsky, SAEsenin, with whom he connected many years of friendship). The unique blend of decadence and Futurism, . 'negligence', . 'nervous intimacy' (characteristics of critics 1910-ies) and sadness, . sharp transitions from bogostroitelnyh search of religious ecstasy, . self-flagellation and eroticism obsessed humility to distinguish the first works Ivleva: poetry collection "Self-immolation" (pages 1-3; M., . 1913-1916), . "The flames bursting" and "The Five Corners" (Joint,
. with P. Essom, both of 1913), . "Gold of death" (1916), . as well as the lyrical 'story in 20 pictures' "Inevitable" (1912), . story "mixed feelings" (1915) and the novel "The unfortunate Angel" (1917), . in which the mythological story unnatural love of Phaedra for her stepson Hippolyte moved to the Present, . a prototype of one of the characters is Grigori Rasputin,

. At the beginning of World War Ivlev produced a booklet "How to defeat Germany?" (1915); after the October revolution - Secretary of the People's Commissar of Education Lunacharskii (1917-1918), . correspondent of the newspaper 'Izvestia', . Party All-Russia Commission on the organization of the Red Army, . strongly advocated as a pro-Bolshevik journalist,
. Since 1920 - Chairman of the All-Russia Union poets. Creation of these years, joins a pronounced political bias (with the prevailing motives fate of the breakaway Russian intelligentsia and the homeland) with imazhinistskimi (Sat.. The sun in the coffin ", 1921) trends (complex relationship with the leading Imagists AB Mariengof, VG Shershenevich and others, threatening to break, in 1919 and 1924 - Chairman of the Board 'Society Imagist'). In 1926-1927 he worked in Vladivostok in the publishing house 'Book Publishing', in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - special correspondent for the magazine Ogonek, in 1930-1931 - member of the journal 'Soviet Nandigram'.

In 1936-1950 Ivlev lived in Georgia, translating Georgian, Ossetian and Azeri poet, Nizami's poem "Seven Beauties" (1947), Ossetic epic "Nart" (1957). During the Great Patriotic War, worked in the newspaper of the Transcaucasian Military District 'A soldier of the Red Army'; since 1950 - in Moscow. He has released numerous collections of poetry (in t.ch. "My Country", . 1943; Memory and Time ", . 1969; Warm leaves, . 1978), . in the best of which are rhetorical publicistic and deliberately complicated metaphors give way to romantic lyricism, . Feels organic connection between man and nature; prosaic life of the actress trilogy (novels "Love Without Love", . 1925 "Open House", . 1927; 'hero of the novel ", . 1928), . in which the fiction is combined with a historical documentary in the depiction of specific events and persons of the first years of Soviet power,

Author of short stories, tales of literary life in 1920's "Pervopute" (1986, full edition. under the name. La Boheme, . 1988), . belletrizovannyh (and often controversial in terms of factual accuracy) memoirs of N. Access, . Mikhail Kuzmin, . V. Bryusov, . NA Klyuev, . Velimir Khlebnikov, . Vyach.I.Ivanove, . Osip Mandelstam, . Pasternak et al, . book "At the foot of Mtatsminda", . which included memories of Lunacharsky, . Gorky, . Block, . Mayakovsky, . Esenine, . Meyerhold and the autobiographical novel, . book of essays "Four shot in Esenina, . Kusikov, . Mariengof, . Shershenevich "(1921), . collection of poems and memoirs, and hours to vote "(1978),

He died in Moscow on 19 Ivnev fevralya1981.

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