COOPER James Fenimore( American writer)
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Biography COOPER James Fenimore
Cooper, James Fenimore (Cooper, James Fenimore) (1789-1851), American writer, historian, critic of social order. Born September 15, 1789 in Burlington (pc. New Jersey). He spent his childhood in the border Cooperstown, founded by his father, William Cooper. He studied at Yale University, served in the Navy. He married in 1811, devoted himself to the family and agricultural and socio-political interests of Cooperstown. In 1820 he composed for the daughters of the traditional novel of manners "Precaution" (Precaution). Opened his gift of the storyteller, wrote the novel "The Spy" (The Spy, 1821), based on local traditions. The novel received international recognition, and Cooper moved with his family in New York, where he soon became a prominent literary figure and the leader writers, advocated the nation's identity in American literature.
Absorbed events kuperstaunskoy life novel "The Pioneers" (The Pioneers, 1832) opened the theme of the American Frontier and first presented Natta bump, a unique American hero. The most popular novels of Cooper's "Deerslayer" (Deerslayer, . 1841), . "last one out of the Mohicans" (The Last of the Mohicans, . 1826), . "Pathfinder" (The Pathfinder, . 1840), . Pioneers and Prairie "(ц-he Prairie, . 1827), . epic form of Leather-Stocking Tales, . narrate about irresistible escape the hunter and pathfinder Natta bump from the impending colonization,
. Released late "History of the American Navy" (History of the Navy of the United States, 1839) showed an excellent mastery of the material and love to navigation
. His political allegory "Monikiny" (The Monikins, . 1835), . five volumes of travel writing (1836-1838), . pamphlet "The American Democrat" (The American Demosrat, . 1838) and social novels, . such a novel about the land rent "Satanstou" (Satanstoe, . 1845), . indicate, . that he was a keen critic of American life in its critical period,
The last twelve years of life, the most mature and fruitful in his work, the writer spent in Cooperstown. Seventeen volume of literary works written by him during this time, his interest focused on three themes: the sea border and public criticism. Cooper died Sept. 14, 1851.