ANOSOV Nikolai Pavlovich( Russian conductor, pedagogue)
Comments for ANOSOV Nikolai Pavlovich
Biography ANOSOV Nikolai Pavlovich
Anosov, Nikolai Pavlovich (1900-1962), Russian conductor, pedagogue. Born in Borisoglebsk (Tambov Province) 5 (17) February 1900 within the family branch manager of the Volga-Kama Bank. He received his musical education at home. At the end of the Alexander Gymnasium in breech Borisoglebsk in 1918 entered the Tepliy stan Agricultural Academy in Moscow. A year later he volunteered in the Red Army, one year later, as a cadet of the First Artillery School, participated in the suppression of the Kronstadt mutiny. With knowledge of foreign languages was sent to work in the Soviet Embassy in the foreign aid agencies, worked in the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs. Only since mid-1920's threw in its lot with the music: the pianist-accompanist worked in the Opera Studio of. Stanislavsky, in 1928 - in the Moscow Philharmonic (back doing music theory with Professor AF Mutli, composition with AN Alexandrov), then in opera sector, the Radio. Start a conductor's career Anosov, . not received special education conducting, . put the case: in 1930 he, . replacing the diseased conductor, . conducted opera "Orpheus" KV Gluck on the radio (live), . then was transferred to the position of conductor,
. In 1937-1938 was the chief conductor of the Symphony Orchestra of Rostov-on-Don in 1938-1940 - the symphony orchestra of the Azerbaijan Philharmonic (at the invitation of U. Hajibeyov). From 1938 he taught at Baku, in 1940-1962 - Moscow (from 1951 Professor) conservatories (in 1943 he graduated from an external composition faculty of the Moscow Conservatory). In 1941-1944 was the artistic director of front-line opera WTO, . in 1944-1949 - chief conductor of the Opera Studio of the Moscow Conservatory, . where implemented, . among other, . operas coachmen on the bases, EI Fomina, and "Son-rival" Bortniansky (1947, both operas are not performed since their prime at 18.),
. Since the early 1950's Anosov toured in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and other countries. In 1951 he was awarded the title of "Honored Artist of the RSFSR '.
Anosov repertoire was very extensive, he was the first performer of many works of Soviet composers, a significant number of operas and symphonic works written Anosov on records and Fund-Union Radio. The style of his conductor's interpretations were more attention to the voice-and all the details of the orchestral texture. Anosov - author of "Practical Guide to reading the symphonic scores" (1951), numerous articles and book reviews, and translations (from German, English and French) of a number of articles and books of foreign conductors. He owns several pieces of music. Anosov died in Moscow on Dec. 2, 1962.
His eldest son - the conductor Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Jr. - artist PN Anosov.