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MARKOV Georgi Mokeevich

( Russian writer)

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Biography MARKOV Georgi Mokeevich
Born 6 (19) April 1911 in Novц║-Kuskovo Tomsk Province. family Siberian hunter-fishers. By joining the Young Communist League (1924), began an active public activity. He was the Komsomol work in t.ch. headed the theoretical division of the Novosibirsk Regional Committee of the Komsomol, . performed in local youth periodicals (newspapers 'Red Flag', . 'Way of youth', . 'Tomsk peasant'), . was their editor (the magazine 'comrade', . newspaper 'The Bolshevik change'),

Print Top in 1936. In the first novel-epic Strogova (kn. in 1939-1946, the State Prize, 1952), tells the story of several generations of a peasant family (based in t.ch. The documentary material), . refracted history of class differentiation in Siberian village, . revolutionary movement (including the lives of political prisoners and exiles), . the struggle for Soviet power and the beginning of the socialist reconstruction - at a constant opposition between an excluded writer values predatory hoarding bright ideals of honest labor, . conscientious selflessness and altruism,

. During the Great Patriotic War - a special correspondent of the newspaper at her post 'Trans-Baikal Front, . together with the troops who took part in the defeat of the Japanese Kwantung Army (the military experiences formed the basis for the story "The soldier infantry", . 1948; etc.,
. ref. "Eagles over Hinggan"). In 1952, Markov published a book of short stories and essays about the Siberians "Letter to the Mareevku" not devoid symptomatic of Soviet literature of the postwar period features 'varnishing of reality' and the influence of 'theory of lack of conflict'. In the 1950's, Markov - executive secretary of the Irkutsk writers 'organization, editor of the anthology "New Siberia'. In 1956 he moved to Moscow, where he took the post of Secretary from 1971 - 1 st Secretary, in 1977-1989 - head of the joint USSR. During these years, was elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, a member of the Central Auditing Commission CPSU (1966-1971), a member of the CPSU Central Committee (since 1971) in 1979 was appointed chairman of the Committee of the Lenin Prize in literature, art and architecture.

In 1949-1959 he wrote the novel "Salt of the earth" (kn. 1-2, 1954-1960), where he continued the story of a peasant family members Strogova already changed their social status, who are scholars, officials, party officials - not so much 'those who sow', how many converters Siberia. In the spirit of the time there appears the image of a young rebel with the character of 'the sixties' - PhD student Alex Krajukhin.

Next novel Markov "Father and Son" (h. 1-2, 1963-1964), devoted to the complex processes of the socialist reconstruction in the village, built almost exclusively on biographical material (the father of the writer was a member of the commune 'Friendship', based on the peasants Vasyugan in 1921). Enthusiastic and simultaneously tragic pathos of the story created a halo around images of asceticism who believe sincerely and selflessly working Communists, . idealized types are apparent from the schematic determinism discharged Markov in the tale of Ivan Yegorych Earth "(1974), . "The Will" (1975), . "A reed in the wind" (1977),
. Biased preconceived such distinguished and ambitious novel Markov "Siberia" (kn. 1-2, 1969-1973; Lenin Prize, 1976), and the unfinished 'novel-testament' of the writer of "The Coming Age" (1981-1982, 1-I h. publ. 1983)

. In the second half of 1980, . the beginning of perestroika, . Markov, . influential literary functionary, . Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1974, . 1984), . voluntarily resigned from all administrative and public duties, . unable to come to terms with fundamental change, . occurring in the country,
. He always remained a Soviet citizen, the figure for many an odious, and certainly the sign in the domestic culture 20 in. period, a so-called. 'stagnation'.

Peru Markov property is also autobiographical novel "My military time" (1979), the play "Call" (Joint. with E. Yu Shimom, post. 1980), numerous journalistic and literary-critical work (Sat.. articles Life. Literature. Writer, 1971, "Horizons of life and work of the writer, 1978; kn. of creativity "In Search of Poetry and Truth", 1982). Many works Markova became the basis of scenarios (in t.ch. M. and E. Shimov) film and TV movies (the most famous - of the novels "Strogova", "Salt of the Earth" and "Siberia"). In the sphere of literary and social activities included Markov and organization Pushkin and Blok's poetry festivals (the initiator of which he was, along with KA Fedin).

Markov died in Moscow on September 26, 1991.

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