Narekatsy Gregor( Armenian poet, theologian and philosopher, mystic)
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Biography Narekatsy Gregor
Narekatsy, GREGOR (951-1003) - Armenian poet, theologian and philosopher, mystic, representative persisted from early Armenian Revival.
Born in Vaspurakan (of Van region). Father - a famous scientist and church writer Khosrow Andzevatsi.
For information about the life of Narek extremely scarce. It is known that at an early age he was sent to be raised in a monastery Narek, District Rshtuni. His mentor became its abbot, scholar monk, scribe Ananias of Narek (Grigor uncle who came from the mother). He was not only the greatest scientists of his time, but also a remarkable person, a man whose wisdom and holiness were well known. Communicate with Ananias (he was also the author of ascetic teachings) and the enabling environment - the monastery was the center of cultural and scientific life - had a powerful influence on Grigor, formed his inner world.
After graduation in Gregory of Narek Monastery was tonsured. He so excelled in the sciences (knowledge of the Bible and religious literature in general, . ability to interpret the sacred texts, . knowledge in Greek), . he was appointed coach of the monks, . then found 'teacher', . Vardapet (as in the ancient Armenian called higher academic rank, . given by representatives of the black clergy, . recognized by connoisseurs of Scripture and church tradition interpreters),
What kind whatsoever, other details about the outer side of life Narekatsy not survived, one of the reasons why dimensions and fairly uniform monastic life. However preserved many legends associated with his name, some of whom gathered in the Life of Grigor of Narek, containing including stories about miracles. After the death of Narek was canonized, was buried in the same Narekskom monastery near the church of St.. Virgin Sanduht.
Narekatsy belong tags (song), Gandza (hymns in praise of God and the saints), Meged (over 20). In poetry reflects his perception of the world as God's miracle. Shine bright colors of the surrounding nature, its grandeur, beauty - all this is seen as a manifestation of the divine.
Poetry Narekatsy full of biblical allusions, riddled with reflections on the theme, borrowed from Scripture, which is typical of medieval poetry. Unless, . for the poet's attitude is typical of such a humanistic attitude, . that researchers see in his poetry for the development of new art trends, . which are the harbingers of Western Renaissance, . coming only after five hundred years,
. Wonder Literary SSAverincev compared Archimandrite of St. Grigor. Francis of Assisi.
The first essay Narekatsi, earned him fame, was written in 977 at the request of Gurgen Artzruni, sovereign Vaspurakan, the interpretation of the biblical Song of Songs as a revelation of divine love
. Narekatsy also belong to the works of "History Aparan Cross", . "Praise to the Holy Cross" and "Praise to the Holy Virgin, . are written about 989 at the request Stepanos, . Bishop Mokskogo, . Praise to rank all the Apostles "and" Praise to St. James, . Bishop Nizibinskomu ", . polemical "Message Tondrakians against sects" (in the sympathy which attempted to expose himself Narekatsy),
. In addition, the Life mentions 97 speeches written by him, hymns, sermons and commemoration of the holy martyrs.
Chief Narekatsy work - he created in 1001-1003 lyrical and mystical poem "Book of Lamentations". It is written in an excavator, ancient Armenian literary language, which is used in worship and currently. At the same time, the language of the poem is separated from the modern reader millennium, difficult to understand and the very meaning of work, saturated epithets, metaphors and similes. Difficulty also represent imagery of the poem and its syntax. The text contains numerous biblical allusions, indirect quotations, expressions borrowed from the sacred books. The poem does not rhyme, and yet in some fragments Narekatsy used and rhyme. The poem has played a significant role in the development of the Armenian literary language and created a number of interpretations and imitations.
"The Book of Lamentations" (you can also call her book 'songs-laments' or 'song-prayers'), consists of 95 chapters. Each song begins characteristic openings: 'The word of God from the depths of the heart'.
In poetry there is no biographical time, thus achieving the effect of unity with praying audience, merging the individual 'I' with the collective
. In the words of S. Averintseva, . like two busy crowds, . Two choruses appear before the eye of the reader, . 'Some are straight and briskly, . up after all the downs, . and rejoice in the firm faith and sure knowledge of his Chosen, . others vary, . stagger, . fall and are unable to climb, . amazed doubtfully: ',
. This Narekatsy not consider themselves to any of them, he and those with other, like reuniting unconnected.
More than 200 hand-written copies of the Book of Lamentations ". The most ancient of them dating from 1172, kept in the Matenadaran, Armenia's national book depository, along with other unique exhibits.
New 'Narek' (both on behalf of the creator is often called the poem) was published in 1673 in Marseilles, and then more than 60 times reprinted. The full text translated into modern Eastern Armenian and Western literary languages. There are translations (including, and full) to English (1974), French (1961), Italian (1874, 1922), Turkish (1904), Arabic (1980), Romania (1967, 1981).
The Russian language poem by N. Grebnev (1969), Mil (1985), V. Mikushevich (1985). Full scientific translation made M.O.Darbinyan-Melikyan and LA Hanlaryan and published in 1988. Interpreters set ourselves the task as fully as possible to convey the contents and artistic features of the poem.
In verse 3 of chapter of the Book of Lamentations "composer Alfred Schnittke (1934-1998) in 1985 created a concert for the choir in four parts.
In 2003, under the auspices of UNESCO to celebrate 1000 anniversary of the "Book of Lamentations".
For the Armenian people Narekatsy poem - a national treasure, a spiritual sanctuary. It occupies a special place in culture, and life. No wonder the book Narekatsy, which were kept in almost every house, are often placed under the patient's head, piously believing in its healing power.