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Slonimsky, Mikhail L.

( Russian writer)

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Biography Slonimsky, Mikhail L.
Slonimsky, Mikhail L. (1897-1972), Russian writer. Born July 20 (1 August) 1897 in St. Petersburg (from other sources - in Pavlovsk). My grandfather, father and aunt were writers, his uncle - a philologist SA Vengerov. He studied at the 8-th classical gymnasium (1904-1905), gymnasium LD Lentovskoy (1905-1909), 4-th Larin classical gymnasium (1909-1914), which, 'finished with a silver medal ... accelerated release, wanting to go volunteer for the front '( "Autobiography"). On the front left in January 1915. During the battle of Edinorozhtsem received a medal of St. George, was shot and wounded. Returning to his regiment in March 1916, was again wounded and evacuated to hospital in Petrograd. A clerk in the First Reserve Infantry Regiment, later served in the Sixth Battalion, and in the company as a candidate for the school warrant.

By 1917, include regular performances Slonimsky in print (the first publication, the story of "examination papers", the pseudonym of 'Mimi', was published in the journal 'New Satyricon' back in 1914). After demobilization he served in the archives Narcompros (1918), the secretariat of publishers 'World Literature' (1919), was engaged in the translation seminar KI Chukovsky. For Publishers Grzhebina, where he worked for some time, Slonimsky in the same year began to write a book on Gorky, based on the unknown material. The book was not finished: the recognition of the author, . he was not fit to historical and literary work and gave all the materials to another 'Serapion', . I. criticism Gruzdeva, . Thereafter, the author of numerous works on the life and work of Gorky, . editor of three collections of his writings,

Since 1920 Slonimsky settled in 'drive' ( 'House of Art'), where he soon became secretary of the magazine 'House of Art' and the Committee's 'House of Art'. Attended literary studio Zamyatin, lectured at the city courses, the Komsomol and the police. It began to gather at Slonimsky members of literary group 'Serapion Brothers' (in some early sources, he indicated that he also owns the name). By this time, are the most successful product Slonimsky. Typically, this is the stories about the war, which almost phantasmagoric imagery, the tone increased, and the names of many heroes of the bizarre (Esaulchenko, chest, Holy). Images sometimes grow to the emblem or symbol: the so, . officer's fun - wheel, . is attached to a beam, . but to him, . in turn, . sleigh, . sliding across the ice field, . - And can be read as an emblem of all World War II: the wheel slowly and with effort turns soldier, . a sled, . in which officers ride, . acquire enormous acceleration, . and merry officers killed, . crumpled sledge,
. The early stories included in the first collection of Slonimsky's "The Sixth Infantry" (1922). Soon Slonimsky waives its narrative manner. In a letter to AK Voronsky (August 1923) the writer says that he left from the old to the style of his new stories become easier for him now important topics 'of today's Russia'. Change in some way linked with a summer trip to Bakhmut (later Donetsk), which together with E. L. Schwartz, he participated in the organization of the journal 'slaughter', the annex to the newspaper 'All-Russia steamshop'. In late 1923, when the work is established and the magazine's staff decided, Slonim returned to Petrograd.

In 1920 Slonim worked in publishing houses 'Athenaeum' and 'Surf', in the anthology 'Scoop', journals 'Leningrad', 'Cutter' and 'Construction', in the Leningrad branch of the State Publishing House, was one of the organizers 'Writers' Publishing House in Leningrad '. Elected to the board All-Russia Union of Writers (1925), was chairman of the Leningrad branch of the Writers' Union (1929-1932). Among the works of this period romance "Lavrov (1926, second edition 1953), the story" average prospect "(1927) and" Westerners "(1927), written after a trip to Berlin and Paris. With Gorky summer of 1932 Slonimsky visited Germany, where he gathered material for "The Story of Levine (1935) - one of the organizers of the Bavarian Republic, and essays and short stories" Berlin "," Nazis in Munich, "" walk "," Catholic God ". On the change of theme and tone of the works and presents a collection of novellas and short stories "border guards" (1939).

After the evacuation in 1941 of the siege of Leningrad writer worked in the magazine 'border guard'. After the war, feeling the fragility of his position, on the advice of friends Slonimsky again left Leningrad, where he returned only in the spring of 1953, mostly living and working in Moscow. The works of the postwar years - trilogy "Engineers" (1950), "Friends" (1954) and peers Century "(1959), as well as the novel" Seven years spustya2 (1963) - against the consequences of Stalin's personality cult. The main forces Slonimsky paid work with novice writers and the memoir essay, combined later in the "Book of Memories", which included literary portraits Schwartz Vs.Ivanova, A. Forsch, 'Serapion'.

In 1934-1954 the writer was a member of the joint USSR, in 1928 and 1940 was elected deputy of the Leningrad City Council.

Slonimsky died in Leningrad, October 8, 1972.

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Slonimsky, Mikhail L., photo, biography
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