Carlos The Jackal( Suicide)
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Biography Carlos The Jackal
At Sunday, December 30, 1973 in the wealthy suburb of London, the young man opened the door of the mansion, where he served as a butler, and collided with a young black man. The young man pointed his weapon at the butler and in English, but with a strong accent, asked him to hold the householder Joseph CIEFFA. 68-year-old CIEFFA was one of the most successful and influential Jewish businessmen in London. He was not only President Marks and Spencer, the largest network of department stores in London, and honorary vice-president of the British Zionist Federation. Organization, which collected millions of pounds for Israel under the brand boagotvoritelnosti.
Butler Manuel Perlora, accompanied by thrusts a gun in his back, carried the stranger through the house to the stairs that led into the master's bedroom. CIEFFA wife, Lois, I saw them from the second floor and quickly locked myself in my own bedroom and rushed to the phone to call the police. Police registered a request to the operator at 7:02 pm.
During this invasion CIEFFA was in the bathroom and getting ready for dinner. Hearing, as the butler calls him, he looked out the open door and rested his eyes on someone's arm with a pistol. Before he could react, the gun fired, and 9 mm caliber bullet hit him straight in the face with a distance of less than m. Badly wounded, CIEFFA ass on the floor. The stranger approached him, put a gun to his temple and fired a second time. Before he completed his task, he heard the wail of police sirens - the car arrived cheez less than two minutes after Lois called the police. The gunman fled.
Incredibly, CIEFFA survived. The bullet that hit him just above the upper lip, got in his teeth and stuck in the jaw. Next the doctors saw the bullet in millimeters from vital veins. Even so, the bleeding was severe. And all would have ended sadly for him, if his wife does not have flipped him on his stomach. An ambulance rushed him to hospital, where surgeons removed the bullet a few hours. A few weeks later, when he had recovered enough to speak, he told friends that he remembered only a hand clutching a weapon.
Bold attempt to murder was the first act of violence that young man with an unusual name. Even though he failed to accomplish its task, he escaped unhurt from the scene. If he was arrested on that cold December night, we never would have heard more about the man who became known as Carlos the Jackal.
Carlos was born in Caracas, Venezuela October 12, 1949. His mother, Elba Maria Sö¦nchez had planned to give him a name in accordance with their Catholic faith. But Jose Altagrasia Rambres Navas, the boy's father, had other plans. As a true Marxist, he insisted that his first son was named for his hero, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov-Lenin. Stubbornly ignoring the protests of his wife, Jos registered his son as Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
Ironically, in his youth, Jose joined the Catholic seminary with the intention of becoming a priest. However, having studied for three years, he declared himself an atheist and came home in the town of Michelena. Later he was accused of harboring criminal. He was accused of communism, and he was banished from the city. He went to Columbia and enrolled in the University of Bogotö¦ to study law. Immediately after admission, he joined the left faction in Bogotö¦. And when he graduated from university, he finally became a revolutionary and a Marxist-Leninist.
Worried that his son's life was not wasted, he and his son educated in the spirit of Marxism. His mother secretly baptized her son, forced to hide from her husband that he wanted to bring up a good Catholic Ilyich. When her husband went on business, he took the child to Mass, trying to inculcate in him the belief. I. dearly loved his mother and respect her because she refused to obey her father, but in the future, when he became a revolutionary, he finally turned to the church back.
In 1951 Ilyich got a brother. His father called him Lenin. Seven years later and a third son was born in this family. He named Vladimir. Later, Carlos says: "It was a damned stupidity on the part of my father - to give us the names of such supernatural. In my case, it really was lucky. But not for my brothers. They are not ashamed of their names, but these names have brought them many problems in life. "
Having achieved success as a lawyer, Jose could not afford to hire private teachers to ensure that his son knew all about Marxism. For the three teachers Ilyich he even wrote a special indication of what and how to teach their offspring is.
When Lenin became an adult, friends teased him "El Gordo". He hated the nickname and temper told friends that someday the world will hear about it. However, regardless of the offensive nicknames, Lenin became the leader m the company of his brothers and some friends.
In 1958, because of the profligacy of her husband Elba took sons and went first to Jamaica and then to Mexico. In 1961 she returned to Caracas, as well as years of travel have undermined the health of boys, especially Illich. Compromising the performance at school. True, he discovered a talent for languages.
During the absence of the Elbe and the children at home did not help fix her husband and his attitude towards women. And Jose was the lead home mistresses. The couple divorced two years later. Ilyich was only thirteen when the divorce took place this.
After divorce Ilich was sent to "Fermin Toro Lycee", School of Caracas. The school chosen for Lenin's father, was known for her radical left-wing teachers. Children are even attracted to street marches with the requirements of re-solve the country's Communist Party, banned liberal government. In January 1964 Lenin joined the Venezuelan Communist Youth Union and plunged into revolutionary activities. Later Lenin boasted that the Union is just exploiting his organizational abilities. But Pedro Ortega Diaz, president of the Venezuelan Communist Party, claimed that Lenin did not bring the Venezuelan Communist useless.
. Regardless of his dull life then, later on it says, are about as promising a revolutionary, which was led by no more nor less than himself, Fidel Castro, and even the KGB
. According to several publications in those years the young Ilich was sent to the camp in Cuba for indoctrination. This camp was called Mantanzas, and he was ruled jointly by Castro and Castro's KGB adviser Viktor Semyonov.
Historians suggest that Lenin was a student in the camp itself, Antonio Dagues-Bouviera, Ecuadorian guerrilla expert in the revolutionary war and a senior officer of the KGB. Lenin learned to use explosives, automatic weapons, had mastered the methods of encryption. Other sources claim that he personally met with the father of Camillo, the Colombian priest who became a guerrilla leader Che Guevara.
Studied whether the Jackal Cubans, so long and incomprehensible. But the two episodes are unlikely. The first - that he could not meet with his father Camillo, as the soldiers of the Colombian army killed a priest in February 1966. In addition, General Semenov was an adviser to Castro, to about 1968, that is, became an influential man in Cuba only two years later, as Lenin allegedly studied there.
These stories about learning Ilyich were apparently distributed CIA. They are based on information received from one of the defectors from the Cuban embassy in Paris. Perhaps the defector and told the CIA that Lenin was one of many Venezuelans who have studied terrorism in Cuba. The CIA later acknowledged that they had no confirmation of this information.
In August 1966 Elbe took Ilich and his brothers in London, so she's learned. Once the family settled in west London, I. went to college in Stafford Kensngtone. His teachers remembered him as openly self-confident and lazy young man. He was always dressed in expensive. Regardless of this reputation, Ilich cope with their studies and passed all the exams. He moved to a more prestigious college.
During this period of his life and his brother Ilyich Lenin, were reportedly members of the Royal Kensington Club. Where are they, perhaps, and taught to handle firearms. But again there is no evidence of these assumptions.
Previously, it could become a famous terrorist, Ilich became famous in London Playboy. He was often seen accompanied by the mother at the various receptions and cocktails at the embassy. Shortly after his arrival in London he joined a group of British activists, who wanted to establish an international association of Communist Students. But Lenin only once visited the assembly of these activists and threw them when I learned that during these meetings carefully monitors police
. His political career could begin soon after 1967, . when the Venezuelan guerrilla group, the Armed Forces of National Liberation "encouraged him to go to Eastern Europe and to organize a group of young Venezuelan Communists in the Eastern Bloc,
. But those plans went awry: arrived in London, his father. He ordered his sons to continue their education at the Paris Sorbonne. In May 1968, Jose took Ilich and Lenin and took them to Paris. There he witnessed the Paris student uprising. And although he disagreed with their Marxist views, Jose had no desire to see their sons involved in street brawl. He abandoned plans for Paris.
Worried for his sons, wishing them a brilliant and "suitable" education, Jose came into contact with the cultural attache of the Soviet Embassy in London. He took action, and the boy was in Moscow in the Patrice Lumumba University. Speculations on the fact that this was when the KGB recruited and Lenin, there were numerous. The only evidence of this version - Records of the Venezuelan Communist Party, who called a student of Lenin, which provided an opportunity to study in the USSR under the Soviet-Venezuelan friendship. Ilich and Lenin were pleasantly excited about the prospect of studying in Mother Russia, in the midst of communism. Their excitement soon passed when hit in the aggressive environment of the University of Friendship of Peoples, with its rigorous discipline. The first year of Lenin spent on learning the Russian language and culture study Marxist. And I. spent this year on booze and girls. His teachers were disappointed.
Desire as much as possible to communicate with women Ilyich inherited from his father. But few of these relationships lasted for a long time. Ilich only one Kubinka on behalf of Sonia Marin Oriola, called his "great love story". The relationship ended when pregnant Sonia returned to Cuba, and soon gave birth to daughter. Lenin made several attempts to contact with Sonya, but received no response.
Although Lenin was a Marxist, his classmates remember him as a romance rather than an idealist. Regardless of the lack of scientific zeal, Lenin called the young man with potential. That's his thought and the members of the Venezuelan Communist Party. Dr. Eduardo Gallegos Mancera, a senior member of the Politburo of the Party, offered him the post of representative of the Party in Bucharest. He withdrew the proposal when Lenin openly supported the rebel faction, which was nearly shattered and destroyed the Communist Party of Venezuela in 1969.
Without the support of the party that sponsored his studies at Moscow University, his days in Moscow were soon found to be. University authorities have made several attempts to persuade him to stop Ilyich promiscuous life and concentrate on their studies, but he remained deaf to these admonitions. Lenin became even more hedonistic and ridiculed anyone who dared to criticize him. Finally in 1970, when Lenin took part in a demonstration of Arab students, he was formally charged with "provocative anti-Soviet activity" and expelled from university. According to one theory, the expulsion of the KGB was a ruse to conceal his work on the Soviet state security. But evidence of such a theory is not.
While studying at Moscow University, Lenin came into contact with several Palestinian students and made friends with them because they talked about the struggle of their homeland against the common enemy - Israel. With blazing eyes, they told of the rebel leader, who organized a terrorist campaign to liberate Palestine. Was this person Haddad. Together with George Habash, a fellow student at the American University in Beirut Haddad contributed to founding the Arab Nationalist Movement in the early 1950's. Members of the movement dedicated itself to fighting for the liberation of Palestine from Israeli occupation. Until the Six Day War, their methods were peaceful. But then Haddad formed the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and introduced a new manifesto - The liberation of Palestine through terror against Israel. The basic doctrine of the organization was a Marxist. A basic method - international terrorism. The first act of terror occurred in 1968, when armed terrorists seized a passenger plane en route from Rome to Tel Aviv. The plane was forced to land in Algeria, where the terrorists in exchange for the release of hostages demanded the release of sixteen Palestinians who were sitting in Israeli jails. First, the Israeli government refused to negotiate with terrorists, but after a month has passed, the authorities changed their minds and agreed to the demands of terrorists. Passengers of the plane were released unharmed, and Israeli government suffered a humiliating defeat. News, even in Israel itself quickly trumpeted around the world for achieving Haddad. Throughout the world, terrorists are left to fight for Palestine. This "Red Army Faction in Germany, and the Red Brigades in Italy. "People's Front, made a favorable impression on the KGB, and the organization have direct support from Moscow. It is through this alliance with Russia, Lenin and became involved in the activities of "National Front". Rifaat Abul Avon, Representative Haddad in Moscow, met with Ilich and soon invited him and his comrades in the training camps of terrorists in Jordan. Intrigued, Lenin accepted the invitation and in July 1970 went to the Middle East.
His first stop was in Beirut, where he arrived incognito in the office Bassam Abu-Sharif, where he enlisted in the "Popular Front". Abu-Sharif was struck by the ardor of youth and took action to that taken in the terrorist camp. According to subsequent investigations, it was then, in this office, and introduced himself as Carlos I..
A week later, Carlos was already in camp in the hills north of Amman, and began to study explosives and political propaganda. Even though he excelled in his studies there at the trainee had problems with teachers. Carlos refused to take their training seriously and really wanted the "real cases". In the last week of his training that desire fulfilled, when Israeli jets bombed the nearby camp and killed a member of the bodyguard of Yasser Arafat. A week later, Carlos returned to Amman, contacted Abu Shemer, senior member of the Popular Front, and was sent to more rigorous and, as now, would say, advanced camp.
September 6, 1970 Haddad ordered simultaneous capture four airliners bound for New York. Leila Khaled, one of the trusted lieutenants Haddad, made the first attack. Khaled became famous after it has successfully captured the flight to Damascus in 1969. In July 1970, Khaled has avoided serious danger, when missiles fired at house Haddad, where at that time was Leila Khaled. Two of the four missiles did not explode, but the two others had killed his wife Haddad and his eight sons, who were in another room. Haddad, accused of attacking the Israeli secret service Mossad.
The mission of Leila Khaled was to seize the plane flying from Tel Aviv to New York via Amsterdam. Under the plan, Khaled and her accomplice, Patrick Arguello, had to represent the married couple and take control of the aircraft. When the plane approached the coast of England, the couple jumped from their seats and waving their arms, rushed from the cab. When they ran to the pilots' cabin, the pilot abruptly went on the decline, and the terrorists fell. In the ensuing fight Arguello threw a hand grenade into the aisle airplane It did not explode, and he Arguello was shot. Khalid seized men - passengers the plane and brutally beaten. She tried to get to the grenades, which were hidden inside her bra.
And then, when the plane landed at Heathrow Airport, Khaled became the subject of hot dispute between the Israeli security forces and British police - every secret sluzhbpretendovala to terrorist. Each felt that it was she who has the legal grounds for the detention of Leila Khaled. Ultimately, the Israelis lost, and Khaled remained in Britain.
The second attack also encountered problems when the Boeing - 747 was too big to sit on the flight strip of the airport in Jordan, who chose Haddad. Instead, the plane flew to Cairo, where passengers and crew were released. Two other aircraft - Swiss and German - were successfully captured and sat down in Jordan, as scheduled. In honor of these captures Palestinians renamed airstrip Dawson in "Airstrip Revolution". In an open statement, "People's Front called the attacks a first strike retaliation" for an American conspiracy, whose goal was to eliminate the Palestinian problem hands of Israel ". Then the "People's Front, demanded that the Swiss government and the West to release several prisoners in the prisons in these countries Palestinians.
Next raid - the seizure of the aircraft, setting off a flight from Bombay to London with 150 passengers on board. She had been seized as hostages. After twenty-four hours of intense negotiations, the passengers and crew were released in exchange for Leila Khaled and six other convicted terrorists. As a final act of revenge, terrorists destroyed the plane. Carlos, as a newcomer, the attacks did not participate. He guarded the ammunition depot.
Until raids, King Hussein of Jordan rather sympathized with the Palestinians and even allowed to enter their country more than fifty terrorist groups. But after the conquest of the world's attitude to his country was very sharp. And, most importantly, Jordan was defenseless in the face by Israeli aircraft. Tensions rose in February 1970 when Jordanian troops, attempting to execute the royal decree for the surrender of all weapons by Palestinian militants in Jordan, faced with the "freedom fighters" in a street fight, which lasted three days.
Angered that the "Popular Front" had the courage not to obey his orders, King Hussein ordered his marshals to expel Palestinians from Jordan. This conflict became known as "Black September" and became the first real war for Carlos.
His people in London
Carlos fought alongside Abu Sharif against the Jordanian army until 1970. In this war, which killed more than three thousand Palestinians, Carlos gained a reputation as a fearless fighter and a cold-blooded killers. After the defeat of the Palestinians most of the members of the Popular Front "had fled to Israel and returned to civilian life. Carlos was not among them, George Habash had serious plans for his young protöLgöL.
He was elected representative of the "Popular Front" in London. His task - to ingratiate himself with the British society and make a list of high significant persons, which could kill or kidnap. First he was sent to another camp where terrorists learned more seriously. By February 1971, Carlos was ready for its intended use of English and went to London, where he joined with his family. There he returned to the life of Playboy.
He attended the University of London, where he studied economics and later attended a course of Russian language in the Central London Polytechnic. It was part of his carefully planned cover. His contact with the "Popular Front" - Mohamed Budiya, Algerian, one of the most loyal followers Haddad, coordinating the actions of "Front" throughout Europe. In search of objects for the abduction of Carlos studied British newspapers, choosing any known citizens - Jews, or sympathetic to Israel. When he made a list, he was under the pretext of illness less often visited the school and draw up detailed dossiers on these people. The list included well-known political figures, businessmen and other prominent figures.
By December 1971 he already had a detailed list containing hundreds of names. At this early stage of his career came to an end, a secret terrorist activity was almost finished. After receiving some information and trying to prevent crime, the police special branch of Scotland Yard detectives searched the house, where Carlos lived with his mother, but did not find anything wrong. They believed that Carlos illegally storing large quantities of arms, such as those that were found during a search of the house of one of his friends. Incredibly, a fake passport Carlos, who found him Omagh, sochlineznachitelnym misconduct. He left, but the house watching. Later the family moved into a new apartment in Kensington.
In spite of its Latin American charm and impeccable manners, many of the young ladies from the society often refused to communicate with him. One woman, however, fell under his charm, but was even more fascinated by his ardor policy and a fighter for freedom of his people. Nydia Maria Romero de Tobon, an attractive 37-year-old Colombian who moved to London after the divorce, to continue education. Her grandfather was a founder of the Liberal Party of Colombia, and she sympathized with the revolutionaries at heart and succumbed to the passion of Carlos. Within a few months dating Carlos enlisted its support in carrying out their dangerous assignments. (1)
Once she portrayed herself the wife of Antonio Dagues-Bouviera, Ecuadorian guerrilla, who may have taught Carlos in Cuba, and under this name rented three apartments in central London. Her other responsibilities - have documents sent and money. Carlos later told investigators that together they made several "missions" against his chosen people. However, no reports and documents on this subject was not found. By all accounts, it's London time Carlos was largely the time of his inactivity. Just then Haddad chose other countries for their deadly war with the Israelis.
During February 1972, while Carlos was bored in London, one of the teams Haddad hijacked a German Lufthansa. One of the 172 hostages was Joseph Kennedy, son of Robert Kennedy. After brief negotiations, Kennedy and the other hostages were safely released. After The West Government paid vykup5 million. U.S.. In May next year, Haddad sent three members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the brutal attack on Lod Airport in tle-Aviv. Arriving at the airport, three terrorists got weapons and grenades from their luggage and opened fire on a crowd. When the attack was over, 23 people were dead and another 76 wounded.
Two terrorists were killed during the attack. But not special forces soldiers. Each of them was killed by accident: at the time of shooting, one terrorist killed another, and in the hands of another grenade exploded.
In September of that year, the team militant organization of Yasser Arafat's Fatah seized the Israeli Olympic team in Munich during the Olympic Games. After the murder of one of the athletes and coaches team kept the other hostages and demanded the release of 200 of their comrades imprisoned in Israel.
Negotiations continued day. The authorities of Germany agreeing to provide terrorists a plane that will carry them and the hostages to Cairo. Under the plan, the German snipers at the airport have been attacked by terrorists. During this attack, nine athletes and five terrorists were killed. When news about these terrorist attacks came to Carlos, he was angry. After all, he did not participate in these battles. (2)
Wrath of God
Mohamed Budiya, head of the Popular Front "in Europe, then lived in Paris under the guise of director of the theater. He was notorious as a seducer of young women who became his ally. In 1971 Budiya, an expert in explosives, along with his new German girlfriend went to Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Their mission was to blow up one of the largest Jewish shops in this city. But the mission failed - instead of the store blew up an oil refinery. Later unflappable Budiya sent the girl and her two friends in Jerusalem for the Easter. They had to blow up a number of hotels. Plan failed. Israeli police detained the girls in the Tel Aviv airport and when they searched they found plastic explosives and timers hidden in clothing. Addition, their underwear was saturated with a flammable liquid.
. A few months later Budiya and another woman by the name of Teres Lefebver went to Austria to capture one of the castles used as a staging point for Russian Jews leaving for Israel
. That plan also fell. But their next attack on an oil refinery in Trieste (Italy) has surpassed all expectations of their wild. 12 kg of plastic explosive destroyed not only the plant, but also caused serious damage to trans-alpine pipeline that supplied oil Bavaria, Vienna, and the whole of central Europe. Oil fires, which lasted two days, destroyed 250 thousand. tons of crude oil and 2.5 billion paid Austria. dollars in damages.
June 28, 1973 morning Budiya out of the house of one of his mistresses. He went to his car and being a cautious man, looked around and looked at the car. Satisfied, he sat on the driver's seat, and the next second there was an explosion. Budiya died immediately. Later, the French study showed that the car was blown up by the efforts of the team of Israeli assassins organization "Wrath of God". The bomb was basic to the Israeli standards, but as it turned out, effective. Budiya was one of the last goals militants' wrath, vengeance for the murder of Israeli athletes in Munich. The team worked on special orders of the Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir.
Three weeks later, Carlos returned to Beirut and asked permission to go to Paris instead Budii. Although the leaders of the Popular Front were satisfied with his work in London, they felt that he had no experience more serious work, and sent him back to London. When he returned, he was notified that the successor will Budii Michel Mohabal, and Carlos will have to serve in his team. Carlos was dissatisfied with this decision, he considered unworthy Mohabala this post. Regardless of this sentiment, Carlos has made every effort to help the new leader and agreed that the death Budii to avenge the death of Jews in Europe. The attack on Joseph CIEFFA in London was the first act of revenge. Carlos took over responsibility for the murder. And it was only the beginning.
A month after the attack on CIEFFA Carlos tried to blow up the bank Jew Hapoalima in London. In the morning, Carlos came to the bank, opened the door and threw a bomb inside. The device, made of Russia's hand grenade and 600 grams of plastic explosives, did not explode fully. Formed only a small crater in the floor, and smashed the window. The only casualty was 19-year-old secretary of the bank, received minor injuries.
. The next act of revenge of the campaign, developed by the Carlos and Mohabal - the bombing of three French newspapers, which were believed to be pro-Israel
. Car bombs left near the offices of these newspapers and one radio. Bombs were set so chtobymashiny exploded at two o'clock. Later, Carlos claimed that this time they chose to be less accidents among the passers-by. In addition, own newspapers and radio stations were notified of the attack. At the appointed time, three of the four bombs exploded, causing great damage to the editors. Radio station to prevent the explosion, as the bomb in the car, abandoned by her side, did not explode.
While Carlos was working in Paris, has developed a new section of Haddad war with the Israelis. He advised the Carlos and Mohabala the imminent accession to the three members of the Japanese Red Army ". True, Yutaka Furaya, a member of YUCCA, was arrested at Orly airport in Paris. He was detained because he had found three fake passports in different names. During interrogation he confessed that he - a member of the YUCCA "and a supporter of the Palestinians. The French have tested it and found out that he was involved in the attack on the refinery of Shell in Singapore, which organized the "People's Front. Decrypt it with the documents, the French found that the Japanese together with the Palestinians supposed to attack the Embassy of Japan in seven major European capitals.
Furaya was convicted of forgery and jailed for several months. While he sat drugihyaponskih eight soldiers were sent to Switzerland. Frightened by the Swiss authorities did not want trouble, sent them to West Germany. Which in turn sent them to Holland. While Dutch authorities thought YUCCA members attacked the French embassy in The Hague. All three people involved in this attack, were filled with Carlos and Mohabalom.
Under the plan the terrorists wanted to seize the gate of the Embassy of the French Ambassador. They were late, but managed to seize the embassy driver and forced him to take them to the office of Ambassador. On the way they accidentally noticed a passing police patrol and began to pursue. During the firefight terrorist leader and two policemen were injured. After that, the terrorists still managed to grab himself the ambassador Dzhakkvesa Senarda, and ten of his colleagues and held them hostage in the office Senarda.
They demanded that Furaya was released from prison, and that the terrorists have provided a Boeing 707 with a full tank. While terrorists have been negotiated, furan was taken from prison and accompanied by commandos of the French anti-terrorist unit was taken to the airport in Amsterdam, where they have to wait for the outcome of negotiations.
While negotiations were held, Carlos came up with a plan that he hoped would force authorities to release his comrades. At noon he walked into a trendy restaurant and a second floor balcony threw a grenade into the crowd, which went to the shops on the ground floor. He fled the scene, but because of the explosion, killing two and wounding 34.
Two days later the French government agreed to the demands of terrorists. They not only released a wagon and gave the terrorists the plane, but also paid them 300 thousand. U.S.. And so far the French government insists that the explosion in the restaurant has not had on their decision to no effect.
This action impressed Haddad. And in the end he raised Carlos and ordered him and Mohabalu seize an Israeli plane at Paris Orly airport in December 1974. Finally then Carlos chose to perform, as he thought, "this work". Unfortunately for the terrorists, the capture coincided with a strike of employees of the Israeli airport, and Israeli aircraft in Paris, while there was no. Carlos told to wait until the strike is over. Finally, on Jan. 13, 1975, Carlos and Johannes Veynrichu, his new accomplice, was ordered to act.
Around noon, the terrorists were sitting in a rented car slightly to one side of the driveway and waited for an Israeli aircraft fly. Their plan was to shoot a flying airplane from granotometa Soviet-made RPG-7.
At the appointed time accomplice of Carlos yshel of the car with bazooka and aimed at the aircraft. His employees have noticed Lufthansa and the guard on the roof. When the plane was at a distance of 130 meters, Veynrich fired, but the missile flew past the plane and got into a car parked near. Warhead did not explode.
From the impact Veynrich swing sharply back, back granotometai hit the windshield of your own car and smashed it. Caught unawares, he again pulled the trigger, and the next grenade flew, flew quite far, and Having reached the Yugoslav sector of the airport, landed in the dining room pilots. Fortunately the building was empty. Carlos and Veynrich left the airport and got to a nearby cemetery, where his abandoned car, along with bazookas and resettle in another, previously left the car here. Later on the phone, they told Reuters in Paris, that the attack at the airport - their handiwork. They also said that done, trying to avenge Mohamed Budiyu and next time will get exactly the target.
While to Orly massed additional police purposes, Carlos and Mohabal planned their next attempt explosion. Four days after the attack, Carlos and three Palestinians were already at the airport, to rehearse the next blow. A week later, the terrorists returned to the airport with another, less powerful bazooka. They hid in the plane and at the right time ran out and got ready to shoot at Israeli aircraft. Before they had time to aim, a security guard on a nearby rooftop opened fire on them from the machine. The crowd rushed from the airport. Taking advantage of this shot a policeman and threw a grenade into the air. Another terrorist was trying to hit all the same plane, but he was already at a distance of almost a mile, and the shot could not take.
Trying to escape, the terrorists rushed into the passenger room. Carlos was not among them. He disappeared as soon as the shooting. And his comrades were in the hands of the police. After a brief skirmish, during which eight people, including one of the guards were seriously wounded, the terrorists took hostage and locked themselves in the toilet. They took ten people, including a priest, a 40-year-old girl and a pregnant woman. After 10 hours of negotiation, the French authorities gave the terrorists and provided them with the plane on which they are whole and unharmed, flew to Baghdad. But Carlos and Mohabal, irritated failure, flew to London to lie down and plan the next operation.
Carlos returned to Paris and again began spending time in brothels and bought all new and new weapons. A Mohabal made several visits to the headquarters of the Popular Front "in Beirut. June 7, 1975, during one such trip, the Lebanese police arrested him at the Beirut airport, where he was going to return to Paris. They found him detailed information about the movement of some prominent politicians and businessmen in Paris and London. Suspecting Mohabala involvement in the terrorists, the police in Beirut has asked to question the detained former officer of the French secret services, who was then resident in Lebanon. After the interrogation of prisoners, which lasted nearly two days, Jean-Paul Moriat learned that Mohabal was a member of the Popular Front "and worked for a man named George Habash. During interrogation, he also mentioned another man, calling him Noureddine. According Mohabala, this man was a hired assassin.
Mohabal was released on June 13 and got into the plane to Paris. He did not suspect that the Germans had already been put in charge of the Lebanese intelligence. When the plane arrived in Paris, the Lebanese police said at Mohabala people from the French secret services, waiting for him at the airport. And ha Arab Frenchmen should already. Mohabal caught a taxi and went to the Latin Quarter, in a small house in the heart of. Some time later he came out of their homes with suitcases and accompanied by thick-set dark man. Agents repeatedly photographed them, but then withdrew observation.
June 20, possibly being supervised Mohabal left Paris and headed for London. Realizing, though too late, that the man fled, the agents of French intelligence services notified the City of London. Mohabala from London was sent back to France. And in Calais Mohabal was arrested and vyslanv Paris. First Mohabal refused to cooperate with agents. But then, under threat of exile in Beirut, broken Arabic testified to the "hitman". The only thing that he did not say that this same "hired assassin" was his colleague Carlos.
He told them that the killer frequented the same house in the Latin Quarter, where Mohabala first detected. There lived one of his girlfriends. According to this information, three officers immediately drove to this address in the hope that the killer could still be there. At this time, Carlos was really there. He had another booze. And when the police knocked on the door, Carlos just showed one of the girls, as constructed automaton. Moreover, this was in the bathroom. Police attempted to question Carlos. But he refused to answer questions and threatened to contact the embassy. The atmosphere grew tense. Carlos returned to the bathroom and put a pistol in his trouser pocket. When he later returned to the room, he invited the police to drink, and one of the girls asked to sing. It seems to glow abated. But then one of the policemen entered the room Mohabala, and he pointed to Carlos.
Carlos immediately pulled out his pistol and shot him in the neck. He then turned his weapon toward one of the detectives, and also shot him in the neck. With stunning accuracy. Carlos came in the other two police officers before being run out onto the street and disappear. Later seriously wounded detective helped two students from the apartment of Carlos. They took him by taxi to the hospital, and he was the only one who survived. Ironically, before this incident, French authorities had no idea either about Carlos or his terrorist actions. Escaped detective gave them enough information about the appearance and habits, Carlos
. While police were trying to reach people close to Carlos, he went to one of his old friends, took off her old documents, including a Chilean passport, and traveled to Beirut via Brussels
. "Famous Carlos
. In Beirut, Carlos was accepted as a hero-winner
. He managed to convince Haddad that he killed Mohabala as a traitor. This fact was later confirmed when a retired Mossad agent revealed that Mohabal was a double agent and worked in Israel since 1973 and gave the Israelis information that helped them and destroy Mohamed Budiyu.
. Justified in the eyes of Haddad, Carlos was able to handpick a new team for its next attack, which was not only interesting for the ambitious Carlos, but also very dangerous
. Carlos traveled to Frankfurt and chose to work two citizens of Germany - Wilfred Bose and Joachim Klyaina. They were shocked when he told them of his plans. Their next action was to be almost the most significant terrorist attacks of Palestinians. Carlos planned to attack the headquarters of OPEC (community of Petroleum Exporting Countries) in Vienna. The aim was to attack the conference of OPEC in December 1975 and steal all those present at the Ministerial Conference. For them anticipated demand ransom. For all but Sheik Yamani of Arvii and Jamshid from Iran, which were to be killed during the attack.
He convinced these skeptics - they tried to explain to him that he had little understanding of the security measures are being taken to protect these conferences. The team consisted of four more Carlos. This Gabriella Krocher-Tiedemann, a German woman, sitting in prison for two years for assaulting a police officer. Also, two Palestinians and Lebanese, known only by their code names, Joseph, Khalid and Yusuf.
Assembled a team and picked up his men to arms, Carlos flew to Aden for a final consultation with Haddad. He returned to Europe via Switzerland and took a train to Austria, in Vienna, where she ordered a luxury suite at the Hilton. His comrades had to be content with less luxurious accommodation, and they were dissatisfied with "the bourgeois way of life" of their boss. Imperturbable Carlos insisted that his choice of hotel was due to security concerns.
Although Carlos has kept the love of good food, fine wines and luxurious accommodation, he no longer looked like a playboy, what was still a few years ago.
A month before the attack on the OPEC conference, he grew his hair, sideburns and goatee. He was wearing a black beret, just like his hero Che Guevara.
Removing the two small flats in a suburb of Vienna, the team began to observe the headquarters of OPEC and has carefully studied the records of the movements and the work of members of past conferences. Later, Carlos placed his team closer to the center of Vienna. On persistent demand of Carlos, the meeting of comrades held in luxury restaurants. At one such meeting, Carlos told friends that during an attack by any of the hostages or the witnesses who will resist or create any other problem to be killed on the spot. Klyain disagreed, arguing that such a method will only serve to ensure that the people at the conference fall into a panic. The two men discussed this issue more than two hours. Before they realized people in the restaurant could hear their conversation, held in a raised voice, and along with other details of their plan.
On Friday, December 19, Carlos left the apartment to meet his messenger, presumably, a guard of one of the ministers of OPEC. A little later, Carlos returned to the house with two large bags. There were M-16 rifles, revolvers, pistols and 15 kilograms of explosives. "Revolutionary Cells" Klyaina later taken to his comrades a few boxes of arms. Once part of the evening was spent cleaning and preparing weapons, everything was ready.
The next day, Sunday morning the team left the apartment, carrying bags of weapons. The tram, they got to the headquarters of OPEC, where the conference took place at half past 12 am. Carlos entered the building and to greet the two young police officers at the entrance, along with his team approached a group of journalists and inquired whether another meeting. When they answered affirmatively, Carlos thanked them and together with his comrades walked up the stairs to the second floor to the room where the meeting took place.
Once they reached the second floor, they pulled out weapons and no longer hiding, rushed to the conference room and began to shoot. Two Austrian police officers - Joseph Janda and Anton Tichler stood at room. It was the only guard on the floor. Klein took control of the switchboard. Registrar Edith Heller managed to inform the police before Klein fired, hitting a telephone receiver at his ear women. No confusion, Heller took a different handset, and also tried to call the police. Klein took aim directly at the switchboard and shot him.
Meanwhile, Carlos and the rest of the team ran into the hallway conference room. As the two guards already knew about their presence, Tichler Carlos grabbed the gun and tried to disarm him. But Carlos was too strong for the 60-year-old police officer and defended its weapons. Behind him Krocher-Tideman asked the police whether he. And when he replied in the affirmative, she shot him in the neck and fatally wounded in an elevator sent to the first floor.
Returning from the elevator, she was able to see an armed man in a niche. She rushed to him and put his gun to his chest. The man, dressed in the uniform of the Iraqi security guard, grabbed her and tried to rob her arms. They fought just a few minutes before the woman took out a second gun and shot in the head guard.
At this time, Carlos took the inspector Janda and took him to the hallway to the entrance. Not realizing that Janda was a policeman, Carlos shoved him into an empty office and locked the door. Janda immediately found the phone and called the police. His message was brief, but clear: "the police officer Janda, First Division. The attack on the headquarters of OPEC. Criminals are armed with pistols and machine guns ". His words confirmed the sound of gunfire from the hall - it is, Carlos shot economist from Libya, who tried to resist.
After four rounds in his last victim, Carlos, and after him and his comrades entered the conference hall. They fired several shots into the ceiling. Carlos saw Sheikh Yamani, approached him and said something nasty. Then he went to Akostau Valentin Hernandez, Minister of Petroleum of Venezuela in a friendly and tried to speak to him. It was at that time, Yamani realized that the masked man was a terrorist Carlos. It was a real shock for him - Yamani knew that Carlos wants to kill him.
While Carlos and his associates examined the prisoners, riot police arrived to the headquarters. Three of the Austrian commandos entered the lobby of the building and saw a body lying in the elevator inspector Tichlera. Commandos were in helmets and bulletproof vests. They tried to climb up the stairs, but they were met by gunfire and Joseph Klein. Under cover of smoke and shots of their fellow police officers managed to injure Klein several bullets in the abdomen and thigh. But one of the police, Kurt Leopolder, was wounded. Klein, paying no attention to the wound, shouted that the police should leave the building, otherwise they would kill. He threw a grenade, police officers dived for cover, and the explosion affected only the walls of the building.
This convinced the police that we must return to the first floor. Klein examined his wounds and returned to the conference room to tell Carlos that he is seriously injured. Carlos patted him on the head and left near him, to look after the hostages. Approaching the window, Carlos looked down the street, where police gathered. He was ordered to break the sixty-three hostages in three separate groups: "Liberals and semi-liberals", "criminals" and "neutral". "Liberals" - the delegates of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya and Iraq - were ordered to stand at the windows. Next to them, Yusuf resigned explosives and combined it with electronic timer. "Neutral", delegates from Venezuela, Nigeria, Indonesia, Ecuador and Gabon embarked on the opposite side of the room.
Group "criminals" from Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Iran and Qatar have put in front of Carlos. Approaching Yamani, Carlos said, "You know me?". "I know very well", - said Yamani. Then, in Arabic, Carlos has announced that he - the head of Palestinian militants, whose main purpose - Iran and Saudi Arabia. He said he captured that if they would cooperate with him, they will stay alive. He ordered the Secretary to write to the British claim to the Austrian authorities. Is an English letter was short and direct:
The Austrian authorities
We hold the hostage delegates conference of OPEC. We require read our communiquöL on the Austrian radio and television every two hours, starting from this moment. We should be given a big bus with zanaveshennyim windows that tomorrow at 7 am will take us to the Vienna airport. The aircraft should be ready to take us on board with their hostages. Any delay or provocation endangering the lives of our hostage.
In addition, Carlos dictated another communique in French, in which he spoke about the Palestinian problem. When it was written, Carlos asked the Secretary Griseldu Karey attributed them to the authorities. She gave a couple of wounded Leopolera who needed help. After that the police agreed not to shoot at terrorists. And the couple went outside. After the secretary gave the police the terrorists demand, the Austrian authorities had no choice but to start negotiations.
While Carlos was waiting for an answer, he spoke with the hostages. After freeing the other secretary, which is hysterical, Carlos began to mock captured Ministers. He left a loaded pistol on the table, despite the fact that he himself was in the hands of gun. The delegates later said that Carlos wanted to provoke a gunfight that he had reason to kill them. Condition Klein deteriorated. Was present in the hall Beladi Abdessalem, who had a medical education, looked at him and asked Klein to transfer to the hospital to provide him immediate medical care. Carlos pulled out all of his pockets and told Klein Abdessalamu get him out of the building. When the couple reached the hall, Klein was asked in German, hostage if he. In broken English, Klein replied that he was a terrorist, and his nickname - Angie. He was taken to hospital. Surgeons found that the bullet pierced the pancreas and a major artery. They were amazed that he was able to function with such a serious wound.
Negotiations began. First, Carlos demanded that the mediator was Libya's ambassador in Vienna. But he said that the Libyan ass at that moment there were no. The representative of Iraq Al-Azzawi Al-Riyadh offered his services and those services have. When Al-Azzawi first met with the terrorists, Carlos said to him: "Tell them I'm from Venezuela, my name is Carlos. They should know me ". Through an intermediary, Carlos once again reminded of their requirements. In addition to aircraft and the pilots he would like a radio, a 25 meter rope and five scissors. He also demanded that Klein was released from the hospital to fly back plane
. When al-Azzawi said Carlos, . that Klein should not be touched for a month, . because his life is in danger, . Carlos consulted with companions and said: "I do not care, . he will survive or die in a plane, . but if we came together, . we are together and fly away ",
At 6.22 that evening was made the first assignment. CommuniquöL Carlos was transferred to the radio. Extraordinary meeting of the Cabinet gathered at midnight in order to assess the situation. Because homicide, . have already occurred and because of the threat of many more deaths, . Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreiski and his cabinet have agreed to comply with the demands of terrorists, provided, . all officials seized the conference were to be issued before otezda.Kogda is conveyed in the news, . and Carlos is heard, . He turned pale and cried mediator, . he, . Carlos, . will decide, . when and who should be osvobozhden.Pravda, . a minute later the mood changed, Carlos, . and he took all, . said Al-Azzawi, . that he decided to release the officials-well before the Austrian Chancellor's request,
At 6.40 the next morning, a yellow postal bus with darkened windows drove up to the rear entrance of the building OPEK.Karlos stood with a pistol at the door until the hostages were loaded into a bus. Sort officials were expected to release, Carlos invited the cameras of TV and shook hands with all those liberated. When 42 hostages boarded the bus, he pulled and drove toward the airport, headed by the ambulance and two police cars with sirens included. Another ambulance, which transported the wounded to the airport Klein, rode back. Passers-by could see Carlos sitting beside the driver and flapping his arms viewers. Surprisingly, at avobuse was marked "special trip".
Arriving at the airport, the hostages boarded the plane, "Austrian Airlines. Then Carlos shook hands with the Austrian authorities. This scene was photographed by journalists and the next day appeared in the newspapers headlines "shameful handshake".
In the airplane, Carlos again divided the hostages, placing explosives under the seats, occupied by Sheikh Yamani and Amuzigarom and pomoschnikami.Nakonets at 9 am on Monday December 22 plane took off, bound for Algeria. During the flight, Carlos seemed relaxed, casually chatting with Sheikh Yamani, and other delegatami.Pozzhe he walked around the plane and gave a change of mood avtografy.Polzuyas terrorists, Yamani said that they were going to do next. He was told that after a brief stop in Algeria, they will go to Libya in Tripoli. Carlos was not embarrassed that one of the hostages was the Libyan delegate, and when Yamani raised the question, he said that the Libyan Prime Minister would welcome them and provide them with an aircraft for the flight to Baghdad.
After two and a half hours after departure from Vienna's plane landed in El Bedia, airport Algeria. Carlos left the aircraft unarmed and warmly shook hands with Abdul-Aziz Bouteflikoy, Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs, who accompanied him in the VIP room. By plane drove the ambulance to bring Klein to the hospital for decontamination. After a brief conversation with the Minister Carlos agreed to release the thirty non-Arab delegates and officials. Another was told to stay in samolete.Nesmotrya a warm welcome, the Algerian government refused to give Carlos the other plane. Frustrated, the terrorist asked to fill the old, and all flew to Tripoli.
Reception in Tripoli completely different from the Algerian. Libya has refused to help the terrorists and demanded the immediate release of the Libyan hostages. The situation on board the aircraft again became tense. Carlos threatened to kill the hostages if he is refused his demands. Finally, on Tuesday morning he freed the citizens of Libya and five delegates. Worrying, Carlos contacted the authorities of Saudi Arabia. But they also refused to help, mindful of the presence on board of Sheikh Yamani.
His plan collapsed.
Thinking, Carlos ordered again refuel the plane, and they decided to return to Algeria. When the plane approached Tunisia, the local air traffic controller called the pilot on the radio and told him that the plane was allowed to land in Tunis. Given that the request for landing from the airplane had not yet.
Carlos was outraged by these allegations and ordered that the pilot fell over the airfield, but in Tunisia, turn off the lights of the runway and the landing was impossible.
Tired, almost four days without sleep, Carlos and the terrorists finally ordered the pilot to return to Algeria. In 3 hours 40 minutes night flight sat down again at the airport in Algeria, which Carlos again vstretilministr Foreign Affairs Bouteflik, apparently dissatisfied that the terrorists returned. After a short conversation with him in a foul mood, Carlos returned to the plane and told the hostages that their fate will be resolved after he would discuss the situation with his friends. Yamani saw the terrorists said, but he heard nothing, saw only that they were arguing.
Then Carlos turned to the trapped, and they were asked whether they would be killed. Carlos said: "We have decided to release you at noon, and now your life is out of danger". When Yamani asked why they can not let go earlier, he was told that everything first must sleep. Krocher-Tidemann was clearly angry that the decision to release the hostages and swore loudly Carlos. They were going to be on the night, when the Algerian authorities have called for new negotiations, Carlos. Two hours later he returned and said Yamani and Amuzigaru: "I leave the plane, but you will leave here in five minutes".
When the allotted time has expired, the hostages have done what they said and came out of the plane, wondering if he explodes. They reached the airport and entered the hall for VIP.
Later, journalists have seen a string of black cars drove from the airport. When cars approached reporters from the window seemed to Carlos and within a few minutes looking at the journalists. Safe, he disappeared after the hostages were released.
Years after these events, Abu Sharif and Joachim Klein acknowledged that Carlos received a large sum of money in exchange for the life of the Arab hostages and left the money himself personally. So it is not clear about what amount was discussed, but believe that amounted to 20-50 million. U.S.. Who gave the money, as it is not clear. According to Klein, they introduced the president of Saudi Arabia. Later, Carlos told his lawyers that money on the fact granted Saudi Arabia and Iran, but they are lost in transit, and the revolutionaries were not received. He claimed that anyone who dares to say that Carlos has appropriated the money will be killed.
After his escape from the Algiers airport, Carlos was supposed to be hiding in Algeria. After this dramatic history with the seizure of OPEC ministers Austrian government demanded to give Carlos. Austrian authorities have been very unhappy when the Algerian government refused this request and stated that the extradition agreements between Austria and Algeria there. Austrian authorities did not know that the requirement to grant political asylum was one of the items in exchange for the fulfillment of which Carlos has agreed to release the hostages alive.
. The French government, which was located in the complex relations with Algeria, was also interested in determining the whereabouts of Carlos
. But the French did not ask to give them a terrorist, because they feared that it would offend the government of their former colony.
While the secret services of many countries, including the CIA, looking for him, Carlos lived in a luxurious villa in Algiers. He lived there for two weeks until the villa had not arrived discharged from the hospital Klein. These two weeks of the terrorist entertained at numerous dinners, representatives of the Algerian Foreign Ministry and police leadership. Algerian President Houari Buameddin guarantee the safety of his guest. The bodyguards were guarding him 24 hours a day.
A week later, after Klein was discharged from the hospital, they Carlos flew to Libya where they were met by Colonel Gaddafi himself. They were even shown on local television. Libya's refusal to allow the aircraft to sit on the territory of this country, they believed, was a red herring. Few years spustyasoobschnik Carlos said that, it is possible that this terrorist attack was ordered Muamrom Qaddafi and the Libyan President Carlos paid 1 million. U.S.. The French secret service also found that Gaddafi paid Carlos stay in Algeria.
February 10, Carlos and Klein flew to Aden in South Yemen to meet with representatives of the "Popular Front" in a private plane, which gave them all the same Gaddafi. The meeting was arranged Haddad, to discuss and evaluate the effectiveness of this terrorist attack. The meeting lasted for two days, and all this time, Carlos, Klein and Krocher-Tidemann blamed each other for the failure. Haddad did not participate in their quarrels, but actively comment on the situation. Haddad constantly inquire at Carlos why he did not kill Sheikh Yamani and Amuzigara, as planned.
When the meeting finished, Carlos and Klein had gone to one of the Palestinian camps expect solutions Haddad. A few days after the terrorists arrived in the camp, Haddad called Carlos and told him that if he has not fulfilled the task, it is no longer a member of the Popular Front ".
Out of respect for Carlos Haddad kept the secret of his exile. Meanwhile, his former protege was thinking about his future. Carlos, however, said later that he came out of the "Popular Front". One way or another, but the outcome remained in secret for several months.
In September 1976, Carlos and Klein decided to relax in Yugoslavia, and flew to Belgrade. They stayed there three weeks, and then West agents in Yugoslavia, they spotted and put in izvestnostBelgradsky National Security Council. They demanded that Carlos and his accomplice were arrested and extradited to Germany. Carlos was arrested, but 4 days later it dropped on the personal orders of Marshal Tito. He did not want to political complications in connection with the emergence of Carlos and Yugoslavia. In the coming days the country had come to the French president Valery Giscard d'Estaing, and Tito decided it was easier to pretend that nikakogoKarolosa in Yugoslavia has never been. U.S. officials have criticized Germany and Tito, but they officially announced that Carlos was not in Yugoslavia. Meanwhile Carlos and Klein got into the plane, which flew to Baghdad via Damascus. When they arrived in Damascus, they refused to leave the plane - Carlos believed that they shot straight at the gangway. Their fears were confirmed when members of the secret police, representing janitors, tried to enter the plane, but the pilot has forbidden them to do so, saying that the plane - a foreign territory.
Negotiations were 5 hours and only after the intervention of Yugoslav diplomats, the plane flew to Baghdad, where terrorists have met bodyguards and limousines. Carlos stayed in Iraq for three weeks, but he lived in constant fear, especially after he learned that Saudi Arabia had promised him a million dollars.
Carlos wanted to get a result in Aden in South Yemen, where he felt safe again for him paid Gaddafi. While Carlos was in Yemen, he trained terrorist groups, but it was not what he wanted to do.
Even while working on the "Popular Front" Carlos was thinking about how to create your own terrorist organization. But he had to decide where they will be based and where to get the money. And also about who will be his allies. For assistants, Carlos turned to the West "Revolutionary Cells". When was killed Wilfred Bos, Carlos turned to Johannes Venrichu, the man who helped him in the rocket attack at Orly Airport.
Venrich previously been arrested for supplying machine for attack in Orly and sat in prison. But spent only 8 months, after which he was released on health. He accepted the offer of Carlos. He also tried to contact Klein. But Klein was so disappointed in the violence, even warned the German authorities about the planned assassination of two members of the German Jewish community. This murder is planned to carry out "Revolutionary Cells".
Soon, Carlos left for Latin America, in Colombia, where he hoped to become the second Che Guevara. But he quickly became disillusioned with Latin America and returned to the Middle East.
Meanwhile, Haddad assembled a new team for another attack. Carlos hoping that Haddad be replaced by anger at the mercy and turned back to him, but this did not happen. Instead Carlos Haddad chose Shukhaiev Andrews. October 13, 1977 Andrews and her three accomplices hijacked "Lyuftganhzy", . flying in Somalia, . and took hostage 86 passengers and crew, . demanded in an exchange of their lives to release from prison of Palestinian members of the German Red Army Faction ", . well as the ransom of 15 million,
Five days lasted this story. The plane was forced to fly to Italy, en Cyprus, Bahrain, Dubai, South Yemen. Pokapassazhiry were related to their field. During the flight to Andrews walked the aisles and waving grenades strapped to her hands. When the plane reached the South Yemen, Mahmoud, one of the terrorists accused the pilot in an attempt to save passengers. The pilot insisted that he only talked with officials of the airport in Aden on how flight is. Mahmoud pulled pilotak passengers without explanation and shot him in the head. Andrews just laughed and ordered to leave the body of the pilot directly in the aisle. It lay there for several days, until he was dropped on the highway.
Second pilot was ordered to fly to Mogadishu, Somalia. Shortly after the plane landed, it was attacked by German commandos. During the storm killed all the terrorists except for Andrews, who hid in a closet. When the gunmen knew where she was hiding, they shot straight through the door and injured her shoulder and legs. She carried on a stretcher, and, despite the serious injury, she raised her hand and cried, chtokogda some Arabs will win.
Inspired by this failure Haddad, Carlos came up with own plan. In December 1977, accompanied by Libyan intelligence agents Carlos went to Baghdad, where he met with Saddam Hussein. Hussein was the first who offered help Carlos. This was an important victory for Carlos. He is guaranteed assistance to the Iraqi intelligence.
And in March 1978, Wadi Haddad, the age of 49 years died of leukemia. His death paved the way for Carlos, who wanted to become a mercenary Palestinians. Many suspect that this is extremely timely for Carlos Haddad's death was not accidental. According to this theory, the Iraqi secret service poisoned Haddad.
After the death of Haddad, Carlos could not agree with many of the operatives of the Popular Front, who have been without a leader. His plan was to form a group of experienced people capable of immediate action, and a group of second tier, which will become activists when it will be necessary. Carlos took hi