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Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa)

( Japanese film director)

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Biography Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa)
photo Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa)
Date of Birth: 23/03/1910
Date of death: 06/09/1998
Place of Birth: Omori, Tokyo, Japan
Director and screenwriter. One bessportnyh giants of cinema, this great artist working in film for nearly sixty years, covering nearly all genres from simple fighters and the historical epic paintings to humanist drama and pure flights of fancy. Having a profound education in the Western literature, . arts and traditions, . Kurosawa could not make a living artist and has applied for the post of assistant director at the studio in 1936, . where he worked as a student at Kadziro Yamamoto (Kajjiro Yamamoto),
. During this time he wrote scripts and, . eventually, . made his directorial debut film "Sugata Sanciro / Judo Saga" (Sugata Sanshiro / Judo Saga), . 1943) with their own scenario, . which talked about the development of judo in the end of the 190-th century, . 1943, . removed in the tradition dzhiday-geki (Jidai-geki),
. During the war, his films, . such, . "most beautiful" (The Most beautiful), . 1944, . the life of girls, . working in a munitions factory, . continuation of the "Sagas of judo" and "Men, . going on the trail of the tiger "(both 1945) carefully oslezhivalis Japanese Government, . but posledniyy was banned by the occupying authorities in the U.S., . By order of the strike committee film-"Toho" with Kadziro Yaamamoto and Hideo Sekigava put the film "People, . who are creating tomorrow ", . 1946,
. Later he turned to a more acceptable topics, such as "I have no regrets about his youth", 1946, based on a true story about proffessore be sympathetic to the Communists, and the "Great Sunday", 1947. Kurosawa himself called "Drunken Angel", 1948 "svoimm first real movie made without outside interference. The story of a doctor and a young gangster was the first collaboration with Toshiro Mifune, actor, kotoryy will continue to appear in many of his greatest films. At various studios in the country, he put the "silent duel" and "stray dog", . in which Mifune in the role of the police looking for thief, . who stole his gun, . "Scandal" (1950), . in which he lashing press, . But worldwide recognition and fame he brought "Rashomon" (1950), . classic study of human nature and relativity of truth and the truth,
. This picture is not only approved Kurosawa, as a first-class producer, but also became the first Japanese film widely shown in the West, opening the door for other directors of Oz to Mizoguchi. In 1951 he withdrew an uneven but entertaining version of "Idiot" by Dostoevsky, rolled over in postwar Japan, but "Live" (IKIR / Ikiru), 1952, was perhaps the most personal and beautiful his work. In it he talks about dying underling who tries to find meaning in their lives. It is often compared with the classical humanist films of Italian neorealism.

. Kurosawa adoption of Western values and philosophy, . as well as film and contributed to his own cinematic development, . which depended largely on the heroic protagonists, . observe strict code of ethics in a battle with hostile forces,
. His heroes are the Japanese equivalent of private detectives, cowboys, tough police. The Stray Dog "comes from a Hollywood thriller 1940's to the atmosphere and visual tone. In another cultural intersection Kurosawa brings classic deception Deshiella Hammett "Red Harvest" (Red Harvest) in feudal Japan in the movie "Yodzhimbo / Bodyguard"), . 1961, . very popular among our videomanov full of violence satirical smile over the western tradition,
. Here Mifune as a samurai who are hired by two warring factions of the town. Kurosawa continued to exploit the good image of the samurai-Mifune in the continuation of 1962 "Sandzyuro". "Spryatannayaya Fortress / Three villains in the hidden fortress" (The Hidden Fortress), 1958, simply combines classic western with Japanese elements. "Throne of Blood", 1957, was remarkably vibrant version of "Macbeth" and "The Bad Sleep Well" was sovremennoyy variation of "Hamlet" in 1960 on corruption and big business. "Heaven and Hell" (High and Law), 1963, a thriller about the kidnapping, was put on the novel by Ed McBain. The play was Gorky's "Lower Depths, Kurosawa brilliantly brings to the outskirts of the city of Edo in the late 19 th century. In 1960 founded his own company, Kurosawa about ". Simultaneously Kurosawa's approach to storytelling, even within the recognizable genres have a profound influence on the film-makers in Europe and America. His most famous film "Seven Samurai" (1954), one of the most exciting and best movies of "Action" in the history of cinema, served as a rubber stamp for the American Western "The Magnificent Seven" (1960). "The Bodyguard" was inspired by Sergio Leone on the establishment of the first spaghetti western "Fistful of Dollars" (1964). George Lucas himself admitted that he was under the influence of "The three villains in the hidden fortress", when conceived "Star Wars" (1977). After the medical drama "Red Beard" (1965) Kurosawa has signed a contract with "20 Century-Fox" at the military band of epic Pearl Harbor, Tora! Tora! Tora "(1970), but the problems of communication and aristicheskogo control of the project led to his Retired. Rumors that he suffered from emotional and mental imbalance, severely hampered his career. He could not get support for their own projects, while Japanese director Keisuke Kinoshita, Masaki Gobayashi and Cohn Shchikava not joined in 1970 as co-producers for the movie "Dodeskaden", the first color film Kurosawa. It also was his first financial failure and in conjunction with health problems that led to an unsuccessful suicide attempt. He recovered and experienced a kind of artistic rebirth (though in Japan financially tion he never got). Put together with Russia, "Dersu Uzala" (1975), leading a period of two years work in Siberia, and won an Oscar for best foreign film. Francis Ford Koppolaa and George Lucas have financed epic film "Kagemusya" (1980), a spectacular return to the samurai film. The French gave money to the shooting of "Rana" (1985), variations on the theme of Shakespeare's King Lear, who proved that Kurosaava not forgotten how to put the battle scenes, and simultaneously write the humanism of his characters, even among haosaa and Troubles. The film brought Kurosawa only "oskarnuyu" nomination for Best Director. Steven Spielberg made producer of "Akira Kurosawa's Dreams", 1990, visually rich but dramatically uneven image nocturnal fantasies. In the role of Van Gogh, for instance, starred Martin Scorsese. "Rhapsody in August, 1991, with American movie star Richard Gere, looking in the not too distant past of the American atomic bombing of Nagasaki eyes of modern Japanese family. Is still actively working in their 80 years, Kurosawa takes "Madaadayo / Not Yet". The artist is not always accepted and understood in their own country, where he was considered too western to local tastes, Kurosawa gained worldwide recognition and admiration. In 1989 he was awarded an honorary Oscar "for his achievements to inspire, delight and resulted in enriching the film-makers around the world". He has published their own memoirs, "What kind of autobiography in 1982.



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  • victor enyutin for Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa)
  • 'Dodes'kaden' by Akira Kurosawa (1970) depicts and examines the conditions of life and of the human soul in today's urban civilization. Kurosawa is not too interested in the polished city individuals monotonously rushing for work and back and living an artificial life of prescribed goals and standardized interests and tastes. Real heroes of DDSKD are semi-homeless paupers living on the giant dump in surrealistic decorations instead of houses, with a background of, as if, expressionistic painting. By these aesthetic analogies between the given and the created Kurosawa emphasizes a surrealistic condition of people's life and expressionistic condition of their imagination. People's way of life and their feelings, described in DDSKD, reflect the basic psychological archetypes constituting the existential legacy of humankind. Each character represents a certain anthropological model of life and certain way of the perception of the world. Kurosawa questions the expediency of technological orientation of today's civilization which condemns human life to fruitless nomadism and neurotic restlessness and makes human dreams escapist and mentally disturbed. It is as if human beings, instead of learning how to live and how to improve the conditions of their lives, tried to avoid real life through pursuing mirages and vain and absurd goals. Question of being becomes a question of how to detour being. Real problems of human life are systematically put aside, postponed into future and never resolved and, as a result, they crystallized into morbid but majestically narcissistic characters of DDSKD living their lives amidst picturesque garbage on a waste land. It is human history itself (together with human nature) that has become the waste product of a sterile world of urbanistic post-modernism. DDSKD, Kurosawa's first color film, starts and ends with multicolored drawings of streetcars - the favorite occupation of children of various nations, which are so unnaturally bright in the moving lights of street traffic that it is as if all the importance, all substance of life has gone to these drawings, leaving people depressed, apathetic, senile, abandoned, wretched, tragically comic, irresistible and unforgettable. The film provides an elaborate criticism of Western and Eastern cultural traditions in which rational and superstitious and prejudicial ingredients are fused together and together in one decide the destiny of humankind. The music of Toru Takemitsu is so expressive and so 'Dodes'kaden' that, paradoxically, it has its own independent value from the film and makes the composer an equal partner of the revered auteur Kurosawa in his creation of this exceptional work of art. The acting is simultaneously realistic and epic, emotionally involving and scholarly articulate. By Victor Enyutin
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    Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa), photo, biography
    Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa), photo, biography Akira Kurosawa (Akira Kurosawa)  Japanese film director, photo, biography
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