Dzhanibekov Vladimir( Head of Cosmonaut Training Center.)
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Biography Dzhanibekov Vladimir
Astronaut Russia. Born May 13, 1942 in the village (now pgt) Iskander Bostanlyk district of Tashkent region of the Uzbek SSR (now Uzbekistan) in the family of the employee. The Great Patriotic War dictated the choice of profession. Eleven-year-boy put on his uniform, was the cadets. The atmosphere of the last war, helping to shape the nature of youth. Service in the Armed Forces of the USSR was for him a high honor. He dreamed of becoming a pilot. With no less enthusiastic he was interested in painting and astronomy, was engaged in athletics, fencing, wrestling, weightlifting. His name was mentioned in the Book of sporting achievements of Uzbekistan as a champion of junior rod. A youthful fascination with astronomy in the future turned out to be a good support when Dzhanibekov was enrolled in the cosmonaut. In 1960, after graduating from the Tashkent Suvorov Military School, filed documents to the school of pilots, but failed to contest. This setback forced to do it in the Leningrad State University in the Faculty of Physics. Along with his studies at the university was engaged in a section parachuting Leningrad Aeroclub. But the dream of the skies prevailed and the following year entered Dzhanibekov Yeiskoe Higher Military Aviation School (now the VM Komarov). In 1965 he graduated from college and served as an instructor pilot in the Army Air Forces of the USSR. In 1970 he was enrolled in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1970 Group of the Air Force? 5). It has been a full course of general space training and preparing to fly aboard the type of Soyuz and orbital stations such as "Fireworks" (DOS). In May 1973 he was appointed commander of one of the crew being trained on the program of Soviet-American space flight, "Apollo" - "Soyuz" (EPAS). For the first time in the practice of Soviet space program were made public the names of Soviet cosmonauts, have not committed a space flight. In December 1974, was the commander of the backup crew (together with Boris Andreeva) while flying spacecraft "Soyuz-16". In July 1975, was part of one of the support crew (together with Boris Andreeva) while flying spacecraft "Soyuz-19" during the joint Soviet-American flight. His first space flight made from 10 to 16 January 1978, together with Oleg G. Makarov on spacecraft "Soyuz-27" (commander) and the orbital complex "Salyut-6" - "Soyuz-26" (crew Yury Romanenko and Georgi Grechko) - Soyuz-27 "(call sign -" Pamir "),
. Such manned stations in Earth orbit was first set up. Returned to Earth in a spacecraft "Soyuz-26". Mission duration was 5 days 22 hours 58 minutes 58 seconds. Since 1979, preparing the program of cooperation with the socialist countries of the Intercosmos. In May 1980, was the commander of the backup of the Soviet-Hungarian crew (together with Hungary's Bela MAGYARI) while flying spacecraft "Soyuz-36". The second space flight made from 22 to 30 March 1981 together with the Mongolian cosmonaut Jц+gderdemidiin Gц+rragchaa on spacecraft "Soyuz-39" (commander) and the orbital station Salyut-6 - Soyuz T-4 "(crew Vladimir Kovalyonok and Viktor Savinykh) - Soyuz-39 "by" Intercosmos "program (call sign -" Pamir "),
. Mission duration was 7 days 20 hours 42 minutes 3 seconds. The third space flight made from 24 June to 2 July 1982 along with Alexander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov and French astronaut Jean-Loup CHRETIEN on Soyuz T-6 "(commander) and the orbital complex" Salyut-7 "-" Soyuz T - 5 "(crew Anatoly birch and Valentin V. Lebedev) - Soyuz T-6" (call sign - "Pamir"),
. Mission duration was 7 days 21 hours 50 minutes 52 seconds. The fourth space flight made from 17 to 29 July 1984 together with Svetlana E. Savitsky and Igor Volk in a spaceship Soyuz T-12 "(commander) and the orbital complex" Salyut-7 "-" Soyuz T-11 "(crew Leonid Denisovich Kizim, . Vladimir Solovyov and Oleg Atkov) - Soyuz T-12 "(call sign -" Pamir "),
. During the work on board the 25 July 1984 together with Svetlana E. SAVITSKY made out in the open space, . which tested the new universal hand tools, . designed to perform in the open space of complex manufacturing operations,
. Duration of work in the open space was 3 hours 35 minutes. Flight duration was 11 days 19 hours 14 minutes 36 seconds. The fifth space flight made from 6 June to 26 September 1985, along with Viktor SAVIGNY on Soyuz T-13 "(commander) and the orbital complex" Salyut-7 "-" Soyuz T-13 (call sign - "Pamir ). The astronauts for the first time in the world have carried out docking of manned spacecraft to emerge from under the control of the orbital station. After the transition to the space station, astronauts have carried out work to restore its efficiency, and only then started to complex research and experiments. August 2, 1985 made with Viktor SAVIGNY out in open space, where work was carried out by the deployment of additional solar panels. Duration of work in the open space was 5 o'clock. Returned to Earth in Soyuz T-13 "along with Georgi Grechko, . arrived on board the orbital station on Soyuz T-14 ", together with Vladimir Vasyutin and Alexander VOLKOVA,
. Mission duration was 112 days 3 hours 12 minutes. For 5 flights flown in space 145 days 15 hours 58 minutes 29 seconds. The commander of the cosmonaut corps Cosmonaut Training Center (CTC), Yuri Gagarin in 1985 - 1988. Since 1988, the head of the theoretical and research training of the CPC.
He was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR, 11 th Legislature (1985 - 1990.). Member of the CPSU from 1970 to 1991. Major General Aviation (1985). In autumn 1995 came within a federal electoral list of Block Common Cause.
He is fond of painting. His work, mainly on space issues, often exhibited in art shows. By drawing some Soviet postage stamps (? 5007, 5008, 5109, 5110 Directory of postage stamps of the USSR).
Twice Hero of the Soviet Union's Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 16 March 1978 and March 30, 1981). Awarded 5 orders of Lenin, Order of the Red Star and medals. Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic of. He was awarded the Order of the Mongolian Sukhbaatar. Commander of the Order of the Legion d'Honneur (France). Honorary Citizen of Gagarin, Kaluga, Cherkessk (Russia), Arkalyk (Kazakhstan), Houston (USA).