Nikolaev Aleksandr Petrovich( Hero of the Soviet Union)
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Biography Nikolaev Aleksandr Petrovich
P. Nikolaev retired, but continues to actively participate in community service, has been acting in groups of workers, schools. It likes to speak to young people, which he has something to say. The initiative of a. P. Nikolayev in his homeland in 1980, was erected the obelisk, which appear the names of 406 fellow countrymen who gave their lives for freedom and independence of our motherland. He was conferred the title of "Honorary Citizen of the city of Tver, named after his secondary school N149 city of Leningrad.
. November 14, 1918 in the village Strahinovo Kesovogorskogo district of Kalinin (formerly Tver province), in a large peasant family
. Father - Nikolai Petrov Nikolaevich (1870-1940). Mother - Nikolaeva, Ekaterina Ivanovna (1880-1943). Wife - Nikolaeva Maria Feodorovna (1919-1972). Children: Boris A. (1952. born.), Elena (1947. born.) Bronislaw Aleksandrovna (1939 Mr.. born.) Tamara (1949. born.), Petr (1952. born.). Seven adult grandchildren: Sergei Ilyich, Konstantin Borisovich, Vadim B., Alexander P., Svetlana Ivanovna, Nikolai Ivanovich, Irina.
After grade 6 Alexander Nikolaev pass the collective herd. In 1935 he went to the city of Leningrad, to his brother, where he worked as a laborer, then as a fitter in Voensantehmontazhe.
In October 1939 he was called to military service in the Red Army. As a driver 824 first road Battalion participated in the war with Finland.
Great Patriotic War began in late September 1941, the deputy commander of a platoon 3rd avtobatalona 13th Tank Army near the town of Isle of Pskov region. Under fierce bombardment delivered ammunition to the front line, evacuate the wounded, losing his subordinates and machine. After the reorganization of the army avtobatalon was given the 128-th Infantry Division.
Under Novgorod, left without a car, was taken by the commander of 741 Infantry Regiment as a contact. One regimental commander, visited the company that was set aside to rest, where there are no remaining platoon commanders. "You have a career sergeant Komsomolets - took a platoon, Right", - said the regimental commander. So he became a platoon commander. By the evening of the platoon was at the forefront in open countryside. Germans in the 500 - 600 meters, instead of the trenches - wormholes, peat mounds 1 - 1,5 meters tall, are scattered by the explosions, as down. In the dugout can only crawl on all fours. Place to sleep - the land is covered with fir branches. In the peat soil deeply rooted to the spot, even in cold water acts.
January morning in 1942, part of the platoon, Alexander performed the task to identify the location of enemy firing points. Before the German trenches, the soldiers were discovered and pressed the fire to the ground, had to lie on the 30-degree frost before dark. Having lost five men, crept away again and the next day pulled their fallen comrades.
In February, Alexander took a candidate member of the CPSU (b) and given the rank of lieutenant. A letter from the mother he learned that virtually the entire family at war: the brothers, Ivan, Nicholas, Alex and Dmitry - at the front, my sister Anna - the Putilov, mother and sister, Claudia worked on the farm.
March 24, 1942 platoon was ordered to seize the "language". After a week of training the soldiers broke into the German trenches, take prisoners and were fixed. Recovering himself, the Germans launched a counterattack. The battle lasted all day. Most of the men died, Alexander was wounded. Machine-gun burst had pierced his shoulder and slight. The men dragged him from the fire, but doctors saved the life. Returning from the hospital, Alexander received the command of a company.
August 27, 1942 the regiment, along with other parts of the attempted break the siege of Leningrad in the area of workers' settlements бL 5 and 8 under Sinyavino. The company rose to the attack, shouting "Hurray!", But it blocked the path of the fire has not previously assigned bunker. We had to destroy it, but the Germans ran into the bayonet attack. Alexander the sniper rifle in his hands did not have time to turn around and hit the German's run up a bottle of flammable liquid, he flashed a torch, and run up another stabbed with a bayonet. Blockhouse was captured, and then captured by p бL 8, but brought up reinforcements, the Germans launched a counterattack. In her reflection, Alexander was again wounded by machine gun. Again, the hospital, this time in Perm.
In March 1943, after the end of the course, shot Alexander was appointed company commander submachine 30 th Tank Corps volunteer Ural. In one battle on the Orel-Kursk on Aug. 13 he was again seriously wounded by shrapnel in his right leg. Order of Commander of the Front for the execution of combat missions for the release of the Oryol region of the German invaders in August 1943, Alexander Nikolayev was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
. In October 1944, at the 20 th assault battalion 1 st Belorussian Front in the battles of Warsaw Alexander shrapnel wounds to his legs
. In February-March 1945, he commanded a company of 118-th Guards Rifle Regiment, 37 Guards Rifle Division in the assault on the city of Danzig. There had to learn the experience of combat in urban environments, which means: fortified basements, underground utilities, the presence of the civilian population. Despite heavy losses, the city was taken, but Alexander was slightly wounded - in the head. During a combat mission to liberate the city of Danzig commander ordered 2-Byelorussian Front in March 1945 he was awarded the second Order of the Red Banner.
Then the path led to the Oder. Under enemy fire, 2.3 wide floodplain, flooded with water, and the Oder were boosted. After collecting about a hundred soldiers, and from its other divisions, Alexander broke into the first trench, destroying the machine-gun crew. Then were taken second and third tranche. Soon the whole battalion crossed and captured the bridgehead repelled the enemy counter. The battle lasted all day, but the success of the company provided a combat mission, and then take the city of Stettin. In this battle, Alexander received the sixth shot and Victory Day met in the army hospital.
. During a combat mission when they crossed the Oder River and the capture of the city of Stettin Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 30 June 1945 Alexander Petrovich Nikolaev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the delivery of diplomas of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, . Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal.,
. In August 1946, Alexander was discharged on a pension of illness
. After returning home, began working Puzyrevsky chairman of the village council. In September 1947, was adopted for service in the internal affairs bodies. Worked in various positions in the re-education system. In 1951 he graduated from the Kazan Military-Political School. In 1954 he was dismissed from service for redundancy. Had to start a new life. Settled down at the Kalinin plant fitter of artificial fibers, where he worked until retirement, gaining credibility and integrity, always been the foremost labor, introduced more than 30 innovations, led the party organization department. He graduated from the Evening University of Marxism-Leninism.
More than 25 years, Hero of the Soviet Union, a knight of many orders of military retired lieutenant A. P. Nikolaev retired, but continues to actively participate in community service, has been acting in groups of workers, schools. It likes to speak to young people, which he has something to say. The initiative of a. P. Nikolayev in his homeland in 1980, was erected the obelisk, which appear the names of 406 fellow countrymen who gave their lives for freedom and independence of our motherland. He was conferred the title of "Honorary Citizen of the city of Tver, named after his secondary school N149 city of Leningrad.
The character he still hairy, the mountain stands for the truth. Favorite hobby - playing chess.
Lives in the city of Tver.