Eurico Gaspar Dutra (Dutra Eurico Gaspar)( President of Brazil.)
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Biography Eurico Gaspar Dutra (Dutra Eurico Gaspar)
Born May 18, 1885 in Cuiabц¦, capital of Mato Grosso. Entered the military service, was enrolled in military school and in 1910 was promoted to lieutenant. By 1930 held a commanding posts in the army, thus unable to support the Getulio Vargas. In 1932, Vargas appointed him chief of the military academy. Four years later, Dutra was appointed Minister of War, modernized the army, created a national air force.
In 1943, Dutra as Defense Minister Visits U.S.. Became head of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, who participated in military operations in Italy with the Allied forces.
In 1945, after an unsuccessful attempt to cancel the election Vargas, Dutra coup d'цLtat. He was elected president in January 1946 with the support of the Social Democratic Party. With the adoption of a new constitution in September 1946 for the first time in nine years, was convened by Brazilian Congress.
May 7, 1947 decision of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal was banned Brazilian Communist Party and its representatives were removed from their positions in government agencies nationwide and local level. Deprecated were Young Communist League and the Confederation of Workers. In October 1947 were severed diplomatic relations with the USSR. Social Democratic Party, which received a majority in Congress after the election of 1945, put forward a plan to improve the situation in the social sphere, including improving literacy. In elections in October 1950 Vargas was re-elected president. Thereafter Dutra withdrew from political activity.
Died Dutra of Rio de Janeiro on June 11, 1974.