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Howard CARTER (Carter Howard)

( English Egyptologist.)

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Biography Howard CARTER (Carter Howard)
(1873-1939)
Born in Suoffeme (Norfolk), May 9, 1873. He received education at home and in 1891 the patronage of Lord Amherst of Hackney was sent to Egypt as the Egyptian artist's Research Foundation. The next year in Tel el-Amarna Carter spent his first excavations under the direction of Flinders Pitris. Up to 1900 remain with the Research Foundation as an officer E. Neville at Deir el-Bahari, when he was appointed chief inspector of the Department of Antiquities of the Egyptian government. Working under the direction of G. Maspero and W. Garstin, had electricity in Abu Simbel and the royal tombs at Thebes. It is to him as assistant to T. Davis during excavations in the Valley of the Kings is the main merit in the opening of the tombs of the pharaoh Mentuhotep I, Queen Hatshepsut and Thutmose IV. In 1903, shortly after the transfer to Saqqara as an inspector of antiquities of Lower and Middle Egypt, Carter was fired from the department, a few years watercolors painted on Egyptian themes. In 1906 began his collaboration with Count Carnarvon excavations in the Theban necropolis, which led to the discovery of the tomb of Amenhotep I, the funeral temple of Hatshepsut and the rock tombs, graves queens XVIII dynasty. Further excavations were interrupted by World War I, but as soon as circumstances permit, Carter convinced Carnarvon to continue research in the Valley of the Kings. Finally, in November 1922 he made his most significant discovery - the tomb of Tutankhamen, ruler of Dynasty XVIII. The tomb of boy-king, which has remained sealed for more than 3 thousand years, contained many objects of art.
Carter died in London on March 2, 1939.


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