Schlegel Karl Wilhelm Friedrich( German critic, philosopher, scholar and poet.)
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Biography Schlegel Karl Wilhelm Friedrich
Brother A. Schlegel. Born in Hanover, March 10, 1772. He studied at GцTttingen and Leipzig, published a collection of essays The Greeks and Romans (Die Griechen und Rmer, 1797) and the history of poetry of the Greeks and Romans (Geschichte der Poesie der Griechen und Rmer, unfinished., 1798).
Characteristics and critical essays (Charakteristiken und Kritiken, tt. 1-2, 1801) became a model new romantic critics, who saw the primary task of the critic is not to be judged on a priori criteria, but to understand and interpret how the work itself and the creative personality of the author. In the leading periodicals Romantics 'Athenaeum' (tt. 1-3, 1798-1800), who, in fact, was his brainchild, Schlegel summed up new perspectives on literature, art, philosophy and religion.
An unfinished novel experimental Lyutsinda (Lucinde, 1799; rus. translated 1935), . sometimes reproached as a romantic manifesto 'immorality', . has primarily autobiographical value, . reflecting the moral beliefs Schlegel and his feelings for Dorothy (daughter of the philosopher M. Mendelson, . 1729-1786), . whom he married in 1804,
In 1802, Schlegel lectured on philosophy in Paris, studied Orientalism and published magazines 'Europe' (1803-1805) and 'Poetic Diary' (1805-1806). In 1808, a Catholic, he moved to Vienna, became a court secretary, acted with political journalism.
Schlegel's seminal work on language and the wisdom of the Indians (Von der Sprache und Weisheit der Inder, 1808) marked the beginning of the comparative-historical linguistics and Indology continued with the case was his brother. In Vienna during Schlegel reading and public lectures, later published in book form - of a new history (ber die neuere Geschichte, 1811), History of Ancient and Modern Literature (Geschichte der alten und neuen Literatur, vols. 1-2, 1815), which became a milestone in the history of world literature, philosophy of life (Philosophie des Lebens, 1828) and the history of philosophy (Philosophie der Geschichte, vols. 1-2, 1829). Growing conservatism Schlegel pronounced in the influential journal published by them, he even rewrote many of his earlier work, reconciling them with Catholicism. The last cycle of lectures delivered in Dresden and published in 1830 under the name of philosophy of language and words (Philosophie der Sprache und des Wortes), cut short by the death of Schlegel, followed on Jan. 11, 1829.
Friedrich Schlegel was the ideologue of German Romanticism, the founder of modern 'history of ideas', or 'spiritual history' (Geisteswissenschaft), and the modern historical science.