Yuan Shikai( First President of the Republic of China.)
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Biography Yuan Shikai
Born in Henan. When Emperor Guangxu held senior administrative and military posts, he served in Korea and the province of Zhili (now Hebei), but in 1898 sided with the government seized the Dowager Empress Qi Xi. After that, Yuan received the position of the imperial governor with huge public authority. In 1901 he became governor-general of Zhili Province. In the period from 1901 to 1907 produced a reorganization of the army, established schools and modernized the industry in northern China. In 1907, Yuan became Minister of Foreign Affairs of China.
After his death in 1909 the Dowager Empress Yuan Shikai was forced to leave in his native Henan province, but as the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 was appointed commander of the imperial army and the Prime Minister. Abdication in 1912, the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty ended the monarchy in China, after that, after a series of complex political maneuvers, Yuan was elected President of the Republic of China. Yuan was able to make the provision of foreign credits, which are used to strengthen the army and increase its political influence. In 1914, Yuan dissolved parliament and imposed a regime of personal dictatorship. His plans to restore the monarchy and proclaim himself emperor in 1915 led to a military revolt in Yunnan province, which has spread throughout the central and southern China. The uprising did not disappear, and the death of Yuan, the ensuing 6 June 1916, resulting in China was plunged into years of civil war.